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No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Teresa Almeida Pinto Association VIDA. Intergenerational Valorisation and.

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Presentation on theme: "No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Teresa Almeida Pinto Association VIDA. Intergenerational Valorisation and."— Presentation transcript:

1 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Teresa Almeida Pinto Association VIDA. Intergenerational Valorisation and Active Development Learning later in life – Uncovering the potential of investing in an ageing workforce September – 2011, Brussels

2 1. Too old to be an entrepreneur? 2. Why fuelling entrepreneurial mindsets of older people? 3. Attractive methods for adult education: true or myth? 4. Intergenerational Learning: do we need such discipline? 5. Final Remarks No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

3 1. Too old to be an entrepreneur? No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

4 Some people have a job for life No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

5 Some people have a temporary job No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

6 In some situations was preferable if they retired No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

7 How old is “too old” for the job? No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

8 How old is “too old” to be an entrepreneur? No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

9 The myth: entrepreneurship is a challenge to young people. Seniors: less productive less innovative and creative less ambitious and motivated health decline + low levels of energy associated to: lower level of intellectual activity lower levels of formal qualifications lack of skills, especially those linked to ICT No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

10 “ Grey entrepreneurs are more experienced, possess more social, human and financial capital, have less risks at this stage of their lives in contrast to younger people” Suresh et all (2006) The Grey Entrepreneurs in UK No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

11 “ The very fact of their longer experience and maturity can make older men and women more suitable candidates for self-employment than younger people ” Suresh et all (2006) The Grey Entrepreneurs in UK No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

12 In USA 21% of all working persons over 65 years old were self employed, compared to just 11% in the age group, and 8% amongst year olds. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2002). No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

13 The Barclays Bank research (2001) shows in the UK that companies started by older people tend to have a 70% chance of surviving the crucial first 5 years compared with 28% for companies started by younger people No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

14 Source: GEM Adult Population Survey, 2007

15 In New Zealand and Iceland Early-Stage Entrepreneurial Activity rates are are higher among older adults of working age than among younger adults No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

16 Not all seniors can or wish become entrepreneurs.

17 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning EU is not fully exploiting its entrepreneurial potential and it is failing to encourage enough people to become an entrepreneur European Commission, 2004

18 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Europe is supporting young "entrepreneurs for growth and competitiveness"... But Early-Stage Entrepreneurial Activity for people years still below 10% GEM Report, 2007

19 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning “Help young and old people who wish to create an intergenerational business together” “calls for specific initiatives to promote mixed-age teams (...) companies should be supported and that outstanding projects should receive recognition” European Parliament, 2010

20 1. Too old to be an entrepreneur? In resume: Age should not be seam as an excuse: In some geographic regions young people are less entrepreneurial than mature or older people; Senior and integenerational entrepreneurship should be encouraged No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

21 2. Why fuelling entrepreneurial mindsets of older people? No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

22 The sense of initiative and entrepreneurship it’s one of the eight key-competencies to lifelong learning

23 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Entrepreneurship encompasses not only the employment field but also the personal fulfilment and social life

24 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Due to their age, mature and older do not benefit from school education to “catalyse” their entrepreneurial behaviour.

25 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Almost all programs to foster entrepreneurship are target to young people, what would be the results if they also target mature and older people?

26 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning If EU aims to be as economic competitive as solider, mature and older people cannot be let aside of the effort of entrepreneurial programs.

27 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Education and Train can:  Promote senior and intergenerational entrepreneurship;  Better working age management;  Improve intergenerational skills transfer at work place;  Educate about familiar business transition.

28 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning What do we know about senior and intergenerational entrepreneurship? How to motivate different generations & trigger their entrepreneurial will? What can be the role of entrepreneurial education in promotion of active ageing and successful working lives?

29 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning There are entrepreneurial programmes or related learning activities to mature and older adults? How to design effective training modules to the new emerging needs of an ageing working force? How to design successful intergenerational learning programs at workplace?

30 2. Why fuelling entrepreneurial mindsets of older people? In resume: YES, we need to foster senior and intergenerational entrepreneurship, namely through education and training, but this field it still undertheorized and experienced No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

31 3. Attractive methods for adult education: true or myth? No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

32 It’s becoming increasingly evident that flexible, non- formal and informal learning can be more attractive and successful, to mature and older people

33 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Member States should establish “more flexible learning pathways and make learning more attractive in general — including through the development of new forms of learning” Council, 2009

34 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Self-direct learning Guidance Mentoring Coaching Intergerational learning.

35 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning self-directed learners have: high degree of creativity, problem solving ability, ability to deal with change, one might suggest a linkage between these abilities and successful new venture initiation and development Guglielmino & Klatt,1993

36 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Project PALADIN: Promoting Active Learning and Ageing of Disadvantage Seniors

37 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Often Guidance | Mentoring | Coaching is based on intergenerational learning

38 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning “Mentoring between new and experienced entrepreneurs is one of the most effective ways of equipping novice entrepreneurs” “Schools, authorities and project promoters should seek to tap into the willingness of many experienced and/or retired entrepreneurs to volunteer their time to act as a role model or mentor” Cedefop, 2011

39 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning “there is a need to adjust education and training systems and curricula for training older workers, through different learning approaches (...) for example, facilitating elderly workers to coach young workers and students" OCDE, 2011

40 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning “EU should strengthen intergenerational solidarity by increasing the awareness of the contribution made by the elderly people to the society, and by developing entrepreneur attitudes among the elderly which could help to mobilise the full potential of the ageing cohorts.” Kureka & Rachwa, 2011

41 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Intergenerational Learning to:  Promote senior and intergenerational entrepreneurship;  Better working age management;  Improve intergenerational skills transfer at work place;  Educate about familiar business transition.

42 4. Intergenerational Learning: do we need such discipline? No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

43 Intergenerational learning is the oldest method of learning. Why we need to promote it now?

44 RussellRussell: Good afternoon. Are you in need of any assistance today, sir? Carl Fredricksen: No. Carl Fredricksen RussellRussell: I could help you cross the street. Carl Fredricksen: No. Carl Fredricksen RussellRussell: I could help you cross your yard. Carl Fredricksen: No. Carl Fredricksen RussellRussell: I could help you cross your porch. Carl Fredricksen: No! Carl Fredricksen

45 BeforeNow generations are no longer what they used to be “New” Grannies

46 Before Now “New” Grandchildren

47 Before Now “New” families

48 In an ageing society, professionals need to learn how to deal with older people needs & with “new generations”

49 “ a new paradigm of learning should be accompanied by new and emergent professions. Future teachers/trainers in adult learning should learn how to address different generations and become capable of facilitating learning throughout the whole of the life course ” DG Education, 2011

50 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning “training establishments and especially higher education institutions should develop academic curricula enabling future professionals to deal with an ever growing proportion of older people in societ.” European Commission, 2011

51 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Education systems remain very fragmented, by age and by other divisions, and it is necessary to take full advantage of the current paradigm that values lifelong learning and life-wide learning

52 A new academic discipline to provide basic skills & address the current and future reality Intergenerational learning

53 Gerontogogy Generationology (?) Pedagogy Andragogy Intergenerational Learning A New Academic Discipline

54 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Intergenerational Learning It’s urgent to define standards, equalize terms, identify and elect methods, procedures, and above all, re-organize the concept and the model

55 4. Intergenerational Learning: do we need such discipline? In resume: To promote an intergenerational discipline, it’s in line with the new social trends for the coming decades No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

56 5. Final Remarks Entrepreneurial skills, which can be taught at any age, are not usually included in curricula for older people.

57 No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning Intergenerational learning Promote new entrepreneurial business, Better matching between novice entrepreneurs and the old ones that are retiring without successors, More successful age management and knowledge at work place

58 We need to promote Intergenerational Learning to rehabilitate intergenerational solidarity No entrepreneurial skills for old men: a call for Intergenerational Learning

59 Thank You! Teresa Almeida Pinto Association VIDA. Intergenerational Valorisation and Active Development


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