Sabrina’s Law Sabrina Shannon had a severe allergy to dairy products She died after eating french fries at school Bill 3 is intended to protect students with deadly food allergies January 1 st 2006 legislation
What does Bill 3 mean for school boards? Create anaphylaxis policy Educate students and parents on cross contamination Implement plans to reduce the risk of exposure to allergens ie. thorough hand washing is a key to risk reduction Creating allergen aware environments and individual student plans It is about expectations for parents, students, principals, staff and volunteers It is NOT about banning products
Bill 3 - Liability Section c.7 s.3 (4) Ensures that no damages will be instituted with respect to any act done in good faith in response to an anaphylactic reaction (Unless damages are the result of gross negligence)
Allergies occur when your immune system becomes unusually sensitive and overreacts to common substances such as pollen, mould, dust or food. When these substances cause an allergic reaction, they are called allergens.
Allergens enter the body through: The MouthThe Nose TouchInjection
Allergic reactions can occur in the: upper respiratory system lower respiratory system skin digestive system as a generalized reaction called anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is a sudden, severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that may involve the skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract and/or cardiovascular system.
Common Causes of Anaphylaxis Food Medications Insect Venom Exercise Latex EpiPen
Symptoms of An Anaphylactic Reaction The most distinctive symptoms include: hives swelling of the throat, lips, tongue or around the eyes difficulty breathing or swallowing * Hives may be entirely absent, especially in severe or near-fatal cases of anaphylaxis.
Symptoms of An Anaphylactic Reaction Other common symptoms include: a metallic taste or tingling in the mouth flushing, itching, or redness of the skin nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea dizziness or lightheadedness increased heart rate feelings of fear or panic loss of consciousness
Remember… It takes only 1 to 2 minutes for a mild allergic reaction to escalate to anaphylaxis
When is anaphylaxis most likely to occur? New situations Normal daily routines are interrupted eg. birthday parties and school trips During teenage years (increasing independence, relaxed precautions, reluctance to carry medication)
Preventing Anaphylaxis 1. Awareness Know causes and triggers Know emergency plan 2. Avoidance Do not let student come in contact with allergen Check ingredients every time if unsure, do not let student eat it offer students an alternative choice in food Do not let students share lunches, snacks, containers or utensils Avoid bulk foods Be aware of cross-contamination - wash surfaces with board approved solutions 3. Action Administer EpiPen & Call 911
Have An Emergency Plan A child with a life-threatening allergy should carry an EpiPen at all times. An additional EpiPen(s) should be easily accessible It is important to have one EpiPen available for every 10 -20 minutes
Have An Emergency Plan Display “At Risk” posters in high traffic areas Keep student’s medical information with their EpiPen. Ensure student has Medic Alert identification that indicates their specific allergens.
What is an EpiPen? An EpiPen is a disposable drug delivery system with a spring-activated, concealed needle designed for emergency administration. EpiPens are available in 2 strengths: EpiPen Jr Smaller amount of epinephrine EpiPen Larger amount of epinephrine
What is in an EpiPen? EpiPens are an effective way to administer a drug called Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Epinephrine by injection is the treatment of choice for anaphylactic reactions. Epinephrine works quickly to: constrict blood vessels relax smooth muscles in the lungs to improve breathing stimulate the heart beat reverse hives and swelling around the face and lips.
Who can I give the EpiPen to? It is expected that parents would provide proprietary medication with appropriate consent Under the new legislation an emergency EpiPen should be on site
Using an Epi-Pen Grasp EpiPen with the black tip pointing down( 911 is being called at same time) With your other hand pull off the gray safety cap.
Using an Epi-Pen Hold the black tip near the outer thigh. Swing and jab firmly into the outer thigh.
Using an Epi-Pen Hold firmly in thigh for approx. 10 seconds (Count to 10). Remove Epi-Pen and massage injection area.
Check the Tip If the needle is exposed, you have given the dose. There may be a kick back effect so make sure your grip is firm Bend the needle back against a hard surface after administration. Carefully put the unit (needle first) back into the carrying tube.
After the Administration of the EpiPen Seek emergency medical attention as EpiPen is being administered If symptoms return or there is no improvement in 10-20 minutes a second dose may be required. Side effects of Epinephrine include: Nervousness Increased heart rate Sweating Nausea / Vomiting Headache Dizziness
Special Tips About Using EpiPens If you suspect an anaphylactic emergency, administer the EpiPen and call 911 The effects of epinephrine when not needed: Increased Heart Rate Nervousness The possible effect of not administering epinephrine in anaphylaxis: Death *Always seek medical attention after the administration of an EpiPen
Special Tips About Using EpiPens Never put fingers over the black tip when removing the safety cap, or after the safety cap has been removed. Periodically check the expiry date and condition of stored EpiPens. Keep EpiPens at room temperature. Do not expose them to extreme cold, heat or direct sunlight. Place the EpiPen on bare skin if possible. In an emergency, the EpiPen can be used directly through clothing.
Executive Summary Now a policy of TCDSB Immunity is enshrined in the legislation Updated committee list
Executive Summary Revised School Responsibilities Creating allergen aware environments Minimizing risk Ensure thorough hand washing Store medication in a readily accessible, organized manner A generic EpiPen can now be used
Executive Summary Parent/Student Responsibilities Parent to alert school Student to carry EpiPen on their person at all times
Executive Summary Staff Inservices Semi annually or as required for all staff who may be new to the school Copy of sign in sheets for in-service to be forwarded to the school superintendent Books and videos are now available for loan
References Anaphylaxis Canada 416 Moore Ave., Suite 306, Toronto, Ontario M4G 1C9 Telephone: 416-85-566 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org@anaphylaxis.org www.gosafe.ca Canadian School Boards Association 130 Slater Street, Suite 350, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6E2 Telephone: 613-235-3724 E-mail: admin@cds\nsba.orgadmin@cds\nsba.org Allergy Asthma Information Association (National Office) P.O. Box 100, Etobicoke, Ontario M4K 5K9 Telephone: 416-679-9521 E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Canadian Society of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 774 Echo Dr., Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5N8 Telephone: 613-730-8177 E-mail: email@example.com@rcpsc.edu The Hospital for Sick Children 555 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario Telephone: 416-813-5300 E-mail: www.sickkids.on.cawww.sickkids.on.ca Collins Consulting E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org@sympatico.ca Toronto Catholic District School Board Superintendent of Special Services Telephone: 416-222-8282 ext. 2486