Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the Bible Week 2. Initial Matters What the Bible is not- disconnected fables moral tales myths designed to explain human experience What."— Presentation transcript:
Initial Matters What the Bible is not- disconnected fables moral tales myths designed to explain human experience What the Bible is- The Living God’s unified verbal self-disclosure that culminates in his direct self-disclosure, Jesus Christ.
HUMAN HISTORY Story Arc Climax Denouement Exposition Falling Action Rising Action CREATION † REDEMPTION RESTORATION FALL CHRIST’S RETURN
Old Testament History 2 Timothy 3:16, 17- emphasis on All Romans 15:4 – emphasis on everything Bible books: Genesis – Esther (in Biblical order); Ezra-Nehemiah is later chronologically Timeline: Creation - Fifth Century BC
Old Testament History Why is OT history important? It’s a huge portion of scripture! Our faith grows as we learn about God’s past faithfulness. (Cf. Hebrews 12:1,2) Many of the events they describe ultimately point to Christ. (Cf. Luke 24:44; John 5:39)
What do these books record? “Space-Time” History- Not myths, moral tales Jesus alludes to these events! Adam and Eve (Matthew 19:4-9) Sodom and Gomorrah (Luke 17:29) Noah (Matthew 24:37,38) Jonah (Matt 12:40) Prophetic history- Spiritually tailored, spiritually selected
What do these books record? o Old Testament Narratives detail the unfolding of God’s plan as He fulfills two important promises: 1.God’s Promise to Abraham – nation, land, blessing to the world. 2.God’s Promise to David – one of his descendants would sit on his throne and rule the world forever. o Biblical history shows God’s faithfulness in spite of human rebellion and weakness.
Dissecting Biblical Narrative Deep Spiritual Truths can be mined from the ground of Biblical narrative. What to look for: 1.The tension between what was promised and the circumstances of the main characters. Are there perceived obstacles? Fulfilling Abrahamic Promise, e.g. of tension- o No Children (Genesis 15:2-5) o Through Sarah (Genesis 17:19) o From Promise to Isaac’s Birth 24 years!
Dissecting Biblical Narrative 2.God’s faithfulness to His promise. 3.The characters’ faith or lack of faith--do they act ways that indicate they trust God’s promise? 4.Predictions about or foreshadowing of Jesus a.Direct Predictions-Explicit description about a future event (e.g. Daniel 9) b.Types
Biblical Types Types are persons, institutions, or events that were designated by God to be models, previews, or pictures of something that was to come in the work of the Messiah (Jesus). Examples of “Types” Passover (Exodus 12;1 Corinthians 5:7b) Bronze Serpent (Numbers 21:6-9; John 3:14,15) Levitical Ritual System (Leviticus 16; Hebrews 9) King David (John 10:11;Ezekiel 37:24) Melchizedek (Genesis 14:18-20, Psalm 110, Hebrews 7)
Exercise- 2 Chronicles 20 ANALYSIS OF THE PASSAGE 1.Read the whole passage 2.Outline the passage A.The people of God are threatened (1-4). B.Jehoshaphat’s prayer as a representative (5-12) C.God’s answer through Jahaziel (13-17) D.Jehoshaphat and the people are emboldened (18-23). E.God defeats the enemies (22-26). F.The results: joy and peace (27-30).
Exercise- 2 Chronicles 20 3.Look for repeated words or concepts. 4.Is this story related to God’s promise to Abraham or David? How? 5.What do we learn about God’s character from this passage? What do we learn about mankind from this passage?
Exercise- 2 Chronicles 20 APPLICATION OF THE PASSAGE Prayerfully consider questions like: Are there principles about the way God operates in this passage that have relevance for my life today? WARNING! Beware of OT specific circumstances! Principle(s): – Victory comes through humble faith – Listent to the Word, rather than the counsel of fear What have I learned and how can I put it into practice this week? this month? Is there any other Scripture that facilitates this application?