Presentation on theme: "United States Foreign Policy Unit 6: Part I. Unit 6: United States Foreign Policy, 1920s, Great Depression, and the New Deal Philadelphia Press. Ten Thousand."— Presentation transcript:
United States Foreign Policy Unit 6: Part I
Unit 6: United States Foreign Policy, 1920s, Great Depression, and the New Deal Philadelphia Press. Ten Thousand Miles from Tip to Tip Use your Primary Source Analysis Guide for Cartoons.
Unit 6: United States Foreign Policy, 1920s, Great Depression, and the New Deal Zimmerman, Arthur. Telegram Use your Primary Source Analysis Guide for Documents. On the first of February, we intend to begin unrestricted submarine warfare. In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and make peace together. We shall give generous financial support, and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. The details of settlement are left to you.
What is Foreign Policy? How a country deals with other countries
Isolationism The first foreign policy in the United States (Monroe Doctrine) When a country doesn’t get involved in the affairs of other countries Why did the United States follow a policy of Isolationism in the 1800s?
Industrialization and Isolationism After the U.S. Civil War, Cyrus Field attempted to create a transatlantic telegraph cable under the Bering Strait The Bering Strait
1867: Alaska Secretary of State William Seward negotiated the sale of AK $7,200,000 or 2¢ per acre “Russian America” “Seward’s Folly”
Imperialism When a country tries to dominate another country Some European countries practiced imperialism in the 1800s by taking over the governments of other countries. Imperialistic Country Political Power (Territory, Natural Resources)
Was the United States Imperialistic?
Hawaiian Benevolence 1830s: Britain and France forced Hawaii to extend “privileges” 1842: U.S. reaffirmed that European colonization was not welcome in the Americas 1849: Treaty of friendship between the U.S. and Hawaii 1875: U.S. Sugar producers moved into Hawaii Hawaiian Sugar Plantation
Hawaiian Aggression 1893: U.S. deposed Queen Liliuokalani (fear of high sugar tariffs) Samuel Dole and sailors from the USS Boston surrounded the palace Clip
Hawaiian Controversy President Benjamin Harrison encouraged the coup. “I am ashamed of the whole affair.” President Grover Cleveland opposed the takeover and tried to restore the Queen. President William McKinley annexed Hawaii in 1898, aroused by nationalism spurred from the Spanish- American War.
1898: Spanish-American War The United States fought for Cuban Independence from Spain. At the end of the war, the United States acquired protectorates: Puerto Rico The Philippines Guam
Dollar Diplomacy President Taft’s plan Encouraged United States citizens to invest in Latin America He promised that the United States would step in if unrest threatened their investments.
China in the 1800s Early 1800s: Opium Wars Not recognized as a sovereign nation by European countries Sphere of influence: Area where a foreign nation has greater political power than a host nation
The Open Door Policy Secretary of State John Hay proposed a policy that would give all nations equal trading rights in China. This policy would give imperial nations EQUAL FOOTING and prevent China from being carved up. Clip
China’s Humiliation NO NATION FORMALLY AGREED TO THE OPEN DOOR POLICY…BUT Hay announced the agreement to the Policy. U.S. investment interests were PROTECTED.
The Boxer Rebellion The “Boxers” (Chinese native martial artists) rebelled against Imperial Powers. China paid $300 million in reparations. The U.S. used part of its share to fund scholarships to Chinese students. Clip
Global Economy Growth in international trade occurred from the late 1800s to World War I—the first era of a true “global economy.”
Political Cartoon Imperialism Spheres of Influence Spanish-American War Annex Protectorates Open Door Policy Hawaii Create a political cartoon that expresses United States expansionism. An example of a political cartoon from this time period is depicted to the left. DO NOT COPY OR IMITATE THIS CARTOON-CREATE YOUR OWN UNIQUE WORK. Once you have completed your political cartoon, write one paragraph that explains the symbolism within your cartoon. The paragraph must include at least five words from the following list: Foreign policy Isolationism Expansionism Reparations Seward’s Folly