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“The History of the Spanish in the Philippines begins and ends with the Friar.”

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Presentation on theme: "“The History of the Spanish in the Philippines begins and ends with the Friar.”"— Presentation transcript:

1 “The History of the Spanish in the Philippines begins and ends with the Friar.”

2 (Archbishop) (Diocese Bishop) Parish Priest

3 Secular Priests Parish priests (also called Secular Priests) are supported by the Church and are accountable to the Church

4 (Archbishop) (Diocese Bishop) Parish Priest Diocesan Visitation

5 Mendicant Friars Medieval creation of a new type of priest They were called Friars from (Frater) “Brother” Also referred to as Regular Priest (as opposed to a Secular Priest)

6 Friars Belonged to Specific Orders Augustinians Franciscans Benedictines

7 Differences Between Religious and Secular Priests Friars belonged to an order Friars could not be parish priests (Council of Trent ) Friars lived by begging (Real Patrona) Friars did not answer to bishops; rather, under the jurisdiction of their religious order

8 Age of Discovery Friars had the missionary zeal Established in the Americas Unprecedented Power Began acting like Secular Priests

9 Friars Lose Power in Americas Gold/Silver Changes things

10 Shift to the Philippines Pagan Land Limited Civil Authority Undesirable Colony –Distance –Climate/Disease –Indios –Poor

11 How the Friars Gain POWER Pope’s Compromise (Apostolic Brief: 1567 from Pope Pius V to King Philip II)

12 How the Friars Gain POWER Social Engineering

13 From Highest to Lowest Class (Socially) Peninsulares Creoles Filipinos Mestizos Chinese Indios

14 From Highest to Lowest (Politically/Religious) Governor General Spanish Soldiers Local Officials Archbishop (Manila) Friars

15 254 priests for 600,000

16 Encomenderos (Encomienda System)

17 Provinces (divided among the Orders)

18 Provinces; Municipios; Barrios

19 How the Friars Gain POWER Political/Social Engineering Poblacion

20 Every Municipio has its Patron Saint Annual Town Fiesta

21 How the Friars Gain POWER Mass Conversion (Social Engineering) –Synchronism

22 How the Friars Gain POWER Mass Conversion (Social Engineering) –Pasyon

23 How the Friars Gain POWER Hacienda

24 How the Friars Gain POWER Middle Man

25 How the Friars Gain POWER Social/Theological Issues –Utang na Loob

26 How the Friars Gain POWER Social/Theological Issues –Confession


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