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Chapter 9: Lesson 1 & 2 (pg. 162).

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1 Chapter 9: Lesson 1 & 2 (pg. 162)

2 Academic Vocabulary (pg. 162-170)
Renaissance (“It Matters Because” (pg. 162) Republic Humanism Vernacular Burgher Fresco Perspective

3 What was the Renaissance?
Where did it begin? Italy Italian Cities Urban Societies Major Trading Centers Secular Moved away from life in the church Focuses more on material objects and enjoying life

4 The Renaissance was a time of renewal
Renaissance means rebirth Europe was recovering from the Middle Ages and the Plague. People had lost their faith in the church and began to put more focus on human beings.

5 How did the Crusades contribute to the Renaissance?
• Increased demand for Middle Eastern products • Increase trade with the Middle Eastern markets

6 Major Italian Cities Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea
VIDEO Major Italian Cities Milan One of the richest cities, it controls trade through the Alps. Venice Sitting on the Adriatic, it attracts trade from all over the world. Italy failed to become united during the Middle Ages. Many independent city-states emerged in Italy Milan Venice Genoa Florence Adriatic Sea All of these cities: Had access to trade routes connecting Europe with Middle Eastern markets Were initially independent city-states governed as republics Genoa Had Access to Trade Routes Tyrrhenian Sea Florence Controlled by the De Medici Family, who became great patrons of the arts.

7 Date: 1/20/15 Bell Ringer Places and Regions: Which of the five dominant Italian states did not have seacoast? Human Systems:  How could traders from landlocked states gain access to the sea?

8 Political Ideas of the Renaissance
Niccolò Machiavelli The Prince Machiavelli was a writer who believed: “One can make this generalization about men: they are ungrateful, fickle, liars, and deceivers, they shun danger and are greedy for profit” Machiavelli observed city-state rulers of his day and produced guidelines for taking and maintenance of power by absolute rule. He felt that a ruler should be willing to do anything to maintain control without worrying about conscience.

9 Better for a ruler to be feared than to be loved
Ruler should be quick and decisive in decision making Ruler keeps power by any means necessary The end justifies the means Be good when possible and evil when necessary

10 Renaissance Society: Nobles, Peasants and Townspeople (pg. 166)
Read “The Nobility” and “Peasants and Townspeople” Complete the following Activities Social Pyramid of the Renaissance Social Class Table

11 Focused on the individual—not the religion-centered view of the Middle Ages.
Goal of humanism is to educate the whole person (well-rounded citizen) Humanism began the liberal arts subjects: grammar, rhetoric, poetry, philosophy, and history (liberal arts) Revived interest in Latin, but many humanist writers wrote in the vernacular language.

12 Humanism and Education
Turn to page. 170. Read aloud “Italian Renaissance Humanism” Complete the following activity

13 Humanists want to better society (make individuals better and more prepared) by __________________ (#1, #2, #3) #1 #2 #3 Then write a paragraph (5-6 sentences) explaining the effect of humanism on the Renaissance students and education.


15 The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature.
Patrons, wealthy from newly expanded trade, sponsored works which glorified city-states in northern Italy. Education became increasingly secular. Medieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvation Renaissance art and literature focused on individuals and worldly matters, along with Christianity.

16 Renaissance Artists embraced some of the ideals of Greece and Rome in their art
They wanted their subjects to be realistic and focused on humanity and emotions. Sculpture emphasized realism and the human form Architecture reached new heights of design

17 New Art Techniques Frescos: Painting done on wet plaster became popular because it gave depth to the paintings Perspective: use to give effect of 3-dimensional depth to 2-dimensional surfaces

18 Activity: Renaissance Art (pg. 171)
Read Italian Renaissance Art Answer the following questions: How did humanism influence the works of Renaissance artists? Give examples. Look at the portrait of the Mona Lisa. Why would portraiture be a natural development for a Renaissance culture shaped by humanism? (pg. 172). Find a work of art in this lesson and write a paragraph describing it.

19 Project: Renaissance Artists
Michelangelo Leonardo da Vinci Raphael Jan Van Eyck Donatello

You will research your assigned Renaissance artist and create a PowerPoint presentation (ONE GRADE). You must have at least 9 slides. Please put the information into your own words as much as you can. Your presentation should include: POWER POINT PRESENATION Title slide with your names and the artist’s name Artist’s background and childhood information (date and place of birth, family life) Artist’s adult life information Impact or importance of artist’s work Photos of artist’s most famous works of art and an explanation of the work (at least 4) One slide with the website addresses you used copied and pasted FINALLY: Must reproduce one of the artist’s work by creating a poster drawing or a model. (ONE GRADE)

21 Born in 1475 in a small town near Florence, is considered to be one of the most inspired men who ever lived

22 Michelangelo created his masterpiece David in 1504.

23 Sistine Chapel About a year after creating David, Pope Julius II summoned Michelangelo to Rome to work on his most famous project, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

24 Separation of Light and Darkness
Creation of Adam Creation of Eve The Last Judgment Separation of Light and Darkness

25 La Pieta 1499 Marble Sculpture

26 Moses

27 Painter, Sculptor, Architect, Engineer
Painter, Sculptor, Architect, Engineer Genius!

28 Mona Lisa

29 The Last Supper

30 Notebooks

31 Raphael Painter

32 The School of Athens

33 Pythagoras Plato and Aristotle Socrates

34 Raphael (back) Euclid Zoroaster & Ptolemy

35 Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (1434)
Jan Van Eyck Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (1434) Northern Renaissance

36 Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (detail)
Van Eyck Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (detail)

37 Petrarch Sonnets, humanist scholarship
Francesco Petrarch Assembled Greek and Roman writings. Wrote Sonnets to Laura, love poems in the Vernacular

38 • Growing wealth in Northern Europe supported Renaissance ideas.
Northern Renaissance • Growing wealth in Northern Europe supported Renaissance ideas. • Northern Renaissance thinkers merged humanist ideas with Christianity. • The movable type printing press and the production and sale of books (Gutenberg Bible) helped disseminate ideas. Northern Renaissance writers • Erasmus—The Praise of Folly (1511) • Sir Thomas More—Utopia (1516) Northern Renaissance artists portrayed religious and secular subjects.

39 Literature flourished during the Renaissance
This can be greatly attributed to Johannes Gutenberg In 1455 Gutenberg printed the first book produced by using moveable type. The Bible

40 Erasmus Dutch humanist Desiderius Erasmus
Pushed for a Vernacular form of the Bible “I disagree very much with those who are unwilling that Holy Scripture, translated into the vernacular, be read by the uneducated As if the strength of the Christian religion consisted in the ignorance of it” The Praise of Folly Used humor to show the immoral and ignorant behavior of people, including the clergy. He felt people would be open minded and be kind to others.

41 Sir Thomas More English Humanist Wrote: Utopia
A book about a perfect society Believed men and women live in harmony. No private property, no one is lazy, all people are educated and the justice system is used to end crime instead of executing criminals.

42 Bibliography Images from: Web Gallary of Art

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