3What was the Renaissance? Where did it begin?ItalyItalian CitiesUrban SocietiesMajor Trading CentersSecularMoved away from life in the churchFocuses more on material objects and enjoying life
4The Renaissance was a time of renewal Renaissance means rebirthEurope was recovering from the Middle Ages and the Plague.People had lost their faith in the church and began to put more focus on human beings.
5How did the Crusades contribute to the Renaissance? • Increased demand for Middle Eastern products• Increase trade with the Middle Eastern markets
6Major Italian Cities Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea VIDEOMajor Italian CitiesMilanOne of the richest cities, it controls trade through the Alps.VeniceSitting on the Adriatic, it attracts trade from all over the world.Italy failed to become united during the Middle Ages.Many independent city-states emerged in ItalyMilanVeniceGenoaFlorenceAdriatic SeaAll of these cities:Had access to trade routes connecting Europe with Middle Eastern marketsWere initially independent city-states governed as republicsGenoaHad Access to Trade RoutesTyrrhenian SeaFlorenceControlled by the De Medici Family, who became great patrons of the arts.
7Date: 1/20/15Bell RingerPlaces and Regions: Which of the five dominant Italian states did not have seacoast?Human Systems: How could traders from landlocked states gain access to the sea?
8Political Ideas of the Renaissance Niccolò MachiavelliThe PrinceMachiavelli was a writer who believed:“One can make this generalization about men: they are ungrateful, fickle, liars, and deceivers, they shun danger and are greedy for profit”Machiavelli observed city-state rulers of his day and produced guidelines for taking and maintenance of power by absolute rule.He felt that a ruler should be willing to do anything to maintain control without worrying about conscience.
9Better for a ruler to be feared than to be loved Ruler should be quick and decisive in decision makingRuler keeps power by any means necessaryThe end justifies the meansBe good when possible and evil when necessary
10Renaissance Society: Nobles, Peasants and Townspeople (pg. 166) Read “The Nobility” and “Peasants and Townspeople”Complete the following ActivitiesSocial Pyramid of the RenaissanceSocial Class Table
11Focused on the individual—not the religion-centered view of the Middle Ages. Goal of humanism is to educate the whole person (well-rounded citizen)Humanism began the liberal arts subjects: grammar, rhetoric, poetry, philosophy, and history (liberal arts)Revived interest in Latin, but many humanist writers wrote in the vernacular language.
12Humanism and Education Turn to page. 170.Read aloud “Italian Renaissance Humanism”Complete the following activity
13Humanists want to better society (make individuals better and more prepared) by __________________ (#1, #2, #3)#1#2#3Then write a paragraph (5-6 sentences) explaining the effect of humanism on the Renaissance students and education.
15The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature. Patrons, wealthy from newly expanded trade, sponsored works which glorified city-states in northern Italy. Education became increasingly secular.Medieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvationRenaissance art and literature focused on individuals and worldly matters, along with Christianity.
16Renaissance Artists embraced some of the ideals of Greece and Rome in their art They wanted their subjects to be realistic and focused on humanity and emotions.Sculpture emphasized realism and the human formArchitecture reached new heights of design
17New Art TechniquesFrescos: Painting done on wet plaster became popular because it gave depth to the paintingsPerspective: use to give effect of 3-dimensional depth to 2-dimensional surfaces
18Activity: Renaissance Art (pg. 171) Read Italian Renaissance ArtAnswer the following questions:How did humanism influence the works of Renaissance artists? Give examples.Look at the portrait of the Mona Lisa. Why would portraiture be a natural development for a Renaissance culture shaped by humanism? (pg. 172).Find a work of art in this lesson and write a paragraph describing it.
19Project: Renaissance Artists MichelangeloLeonardo da VinciRaphaelJan Van EyckDonatello
20POWER POINT PRESENATION You will research your assigned Renaissance artist and create a PowerPoint presentation (ONE GRADE). You must have at least 9 slides. Please put the information into your own words as much as you can. Your presentation should include:POWER POINT PRESENATIONTitle slide with your names and the artist’s nameArtist’s background and childhood information (date and place of birth, family life)Artist’s adult life informationImpact or importance of artist’s workPhotos of artist’s most famous works of art and an explanation of the work (at least 4)One slide with the website addresses you used copied and pastedFINALLY: Must reproduce one of the artist’s work by creating a poster drawing or a model. (ONE GRADE)
21Born in 1475 in a small town near Florence, is considered to be one of the most inspired men who ever lived
22Michelangelo created his masterpiece David in 1504.
23Sistine ChapelAbout a year after creating David, Pope Julius II summoned Michelangelo to Rome to work on his most famous project, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
24Separation of Light and Darkness Creation of AdamCreation of EveThe Last JudgmentSeparation of Light and Darkness
35Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (1434) Jan Van EyckPortrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (1434)Northern Renaissance
36Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (detail) Van EyckPortrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (detail)
37Petrarch Sonnets, humanist scholarship Francesco PetrarchAssembled Greek and Roman writings.WroteSonnets to Laura,love poems in the Vernacular
38• Growing wealth in Northern Europe supported Renaissance ideas. Northern Renaissance• Growing wealth in Northern Europe supported Renaissance ideas.• Northern Renaissance thinkers merged humanist ideas with Christianity.• The movable type printing press and the production and sale of books(Gutenberg Bible) helped disseminate ideas.Northern Renaissance writers• Erasmus—The Praise of Folly (1511)• Sir Thomas More—Utopia (1516)Northern Renaissance artists portrayed religious and secular subjects.
39Literature flourished during the Renaissance This can be greatly attributed to Johannes GutenbergIn 1455 Gutenberg printed the first book produced by using moveable type.The Bible
40Erasmus Dutch humanist Desiderius Erasmus Pushed for a Vernacular form of the Bible“I disagree very much with those who are unwilling that Holy Scripture, translated into the vernacular, be read by the uneducated As if the strength of the Christian religion consisted in the ignorance of it”The Praise of FollyUsed humor to show the immoral and ignorant behavior of people, including the clergy. He felt people would be open minded and be kind to others.
41Sir Thomas More English Humanist Wrote: Utopia A book about a perfect societyBelieved men and women live in harmony. No private property, no one is lazy, all people are educated and the justice system is used to end crime instead of executing criminals.
42BibliographyImages from:Corbis.comWeb Gallary of Art