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PISTANG PINOY: an Overview of Philippine Festivals Riya Brigino Lopez Prepared for the participants of the 8 th seminar workshop on DOT’s Tunay na Pyestang.

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Presentation on theme: "PISTANG PINOY: an Overview of Philippine Festivals Riya Brigino Lopez Prepared for the participants of the 8 th seminar workshop on DOT’s Tunay na Pyestang."— Presentation transcript:

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2 PISTANG PINOY: an Overview of Philippine Festivals Riya Brigino Lopez Prepared for the participants of the 8 th seminar workshop on DOT’s Tunay na Pyestang Pinoy May 7-9, 2008/ Balibago, Angeles City

3 7,100 islands 7,100 more festivals …and the number is still growing…

4 Classification of festivals/celebrations based on cultural traditions 1.ANIMISTIC celebrations flowered before the arrival of the Western powers and still exists today

5 2. CHRISTIAN celebrations introduced during the Spanish colonial period, adopted, transformed from the 16 th century to the present cont. classification of festivals…

6 3. MUSLIM celebrations and or festivals developed after Islam’s arrival in the 14th century and have been observed until now cont. classification of festivals…

7 4. SECULAR festivals/celebrations started during the American colonial period and has since been multiplied to thousands cont. classification of festivals…

8 samples of ANIMISTIC celebration 1. Cañao (Cordillera) celebration in the form of rituals as thanksgiving and or celebration of rites of passage Purpose: promotion of the welfare of the community, survival, harmony among settlers

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11 2. BUKLOG (Subanons of Northwestern in Mindanao) whole day celebration that involves ancient ritual to honor the spirits: malengma (spirit of the water); mamanwa (spirit of the forest);manising palingkitan (spirit of the mountain) purpose: appease or thank the spirits for good harvest cont. sample of ANIMISTIC celebration

12 Buklog features a platform of about 15 feet high. It is built on the spot chosen by baylan (native priestess)

13 samples of feasts or celebrations among Islamized groups 1.HARI RAYA POASA celebration at the end of the feasting month of Ramadan. Begins with a ritual of cleansing.

14 2. HARI RAYA RADJ celebration after the completion of pilgrimage to Mecca cont. samples of feasts or celebrations among Islamized groups

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16 3. MAULOD EN NABI celebration of the birth of the Prophet Mohammed cont. samples of feasts or celebrations among Islamized groups

17 sample of pre-Islamic festivities Kalilang sa Tonong (Maranao) held every April in Marawi and includes fluvial parades singing and playing of indigenous instruments purpose: ask the spirit of water for a bountiful harvest

18 It also includes KASHAWING, a ritual held to ensure good harvest

19 samples of celebrations among Christians CHRISTMAS CHRISTMAS - Misa de Gallo - pastores - panunuluyan - maytinis - Tatlong Hari - Tatlong Hari - others - others

20 Lenten Rites  - panata  - pabasa, pasyon  - caridad  - sinakulo  - osana  - paghuhugas ng paa  - siete palabras  - others

21 LET US REVIEW… 1. FESTIVALS/ CELEBRATIONS/ RITUALS ARE HELD EVEN BEFORE WESTERN COLONIZATION 2. ALL CULTURES HAVE SPECIFIC FORMS OF CELEBRATIONS 2. ALL CULTURES HAVE SPECIFIC FORMS OF CELEBRATIONS 3. THE ANIMISTIC, MUSLIM and Christian feasts ARE DEEPLY ROOTED TO THE CULTURE OF THE COMMUNITY and held in response to the needs of the community (not only material needs but spiritual as well)

22 4. Celebrations are not whimsically created but consciously held to: a. promote the welfare of the community c. social harmony of each tribal community b. promote political integrity d. honor and or appease the spirits (water, sky, forest and other elements) for bountiful harvest, guidance and protection e. ask permission or invoke spirits for guidance

23 cont. classification of festivals… 4. SECULAR festivals/celebrations started during the American colonial period and has since been multiplied to thousands

24 Secular celebrations proliferated during the American period Nature and Purpose - foundation of the province - promotion of the place as a tourist destination - promote the main product of the place - highlight the unique cultural traditions and customs - highlight historical events / heroes etc. - highlight achievements in the arts and other fields - honor and reverence for the environment

25 For the last 15 years or so “agro- cultural festival” has mushroomed incessantly The rising number of festivals centers on sacred images (though incidental at times) is very alarming

26 Other SAMPLES OF SECULAR FESTIVAL National Arts Festival – nationwide celebration every February National Heritage Month Independence Day celebration Arts Festival (music, theater, dance etc.)

27 Cuerdas nin Kagabsan: Strings of Unity First International Rondalla Festival Feb. 8-14, 2004, Bicol Region

28 National and Foreign Participants (Russia, Israel, U.S., Mexico, Australia etc.)

29 Outreach Performance

30 OUTREACH PERFORMANCES

31 Some popular festivals

32 Ati-Atihan of Kalibo

33 Pahiyas Festival

34 MASSKARA FESTIVAL (Bacolod, Negros Occidental)

35 KADAYAWAN FESTIVAL (DAVAO City)

36 PANAGBENGA (Baguio City, Benguet)

37 CURRENT Challenges in Creating a Festival /Event 1. Significance 2. Color 3. Symbols 4. Exuberance 5. Timing 6. Rhythm/Sounds 7. Variety of events 8. Magnitude of events 9. Marketing and promotion opportunities (media etc.) 10. Profitability (not just money but other resources as well) How to create a festival that will be at par with the existing ones in terms of :

38 MEANING and symbolism

39 Color, exuberance and pageantry

40 ANTIQUES/Pakulo

41 Ingenuity /Creativity

42 BIGGEST CHALLENGE OF ALL How to arrest the seemingly homogeneity of the festivals all over the country

43 How to arrest the proliferation of the “culture of competition” being espoused by many festivals

44 To be able to confront these challenges it is crucial to conduct a comprehensive cultural research

45 it is the responsibility of the festival managers in cooperation with other stakeholders to plan and create a significant festival or celebration it is the responsibility of the festival managers in cooperation with other stakeholders to plan and create a significant festival or celebration

46 a significant festival starts with a sensible and research based concept a significant festival starts with a sensible and research based concept

47 a sensible concept could be derived from… a.needs and aspirations of any given community g. traditional creative expressions f. myths, legends, folktales e. identity of the people and place b.history, origin and vision of the place d. distinct culture of the community h. advocacy

48 IT IS HIGH TIME TO PLAN A MORE SOULFUL CELEBRATION IT IS HIGH TIME TO PLAN A MORE SOULFUL CELEBRATION LET US START BY ASKING WHY ARE WE HOLDING THE FESTIVAL IN THE FIRST PLACE… LET US START BY ASKING WHY ARE WE HOLDING THE FESTIVAL IN THE FIRST PLACE…

49 After all, FESTIVAL is NOT just about pageantry, NOT just about winning a competition but more of a SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FESTIVAL SHOULD MEAN MORE TO THE SOCIETY WHERE IT EMERGES

50 SALAMAT PO! SALAMAT PO!


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