Franklin D. Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt Dorothea Lange John Steinbeck
New Deal Social Security Drought Dust Bowl Migrant worker inflation
When Franklin D. Roosevelt became President he asked Congress to help get the country out of the Great Depression. The New Deal was FDR’s plan to get the country out of the depression. The New Deal focused on three major goals: Relief Recovery Reform
Relief helped people right away. Examples were feeding the poorest people. Recovery programs helped economy by giving people jobs. Reform programs tried to make sure that the depression would never happen again. Some of these programs that people still use today is Social Security
Just as some of the programs began helping farmers, a severe drought hit the Great Plains. Farmers watched their soil turn to dust in the hot sun. High winds caused dust storms, leaving the land unusable. Much of the Great Plains became known as the Dust Bowl. Places like Dodge City, Kansas were hit hard by the Dust Bowl. Many people became migrant workers moving from place to place to find work.
Many people tried to help those in need. The First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, searched the country to see how the New Deal was working. Photographer Dorothea Lange took pictures of people coping with the depression. John Steinbeck wrote books about living in the 1930’s and the Great Depression.
The New Deal helped many, but it did not end the depression. People looked for ways to forget about their troubles. One new form of entertainment was the comic book. Characters like Superman and Batman became poplar. Games at home, like Monopoly, were also enjoyed. People also went to the movies to forget life for awhile. People also looked forward to the World’s Fair. Queens, New York held one in 1939.
The Great Depression spread to other parts of the world. Millions were unemployed and feeling helpless. The hardest hit was Germany. Germany had to repay for the damages of World War One. Germany was having inflation, or rapid rise in prices. Germany money became worthless. This will help lead to another world conflict.
1933 – President Roosevelt began many of his New Deal programs in the first 100 days of his term. 1935 – The worst dust storm of the decade struck the Dust Bowl of the Great Plains. 1939 – John Steinbeck published his novel about migrant workers, The Grapes of Wrath.
In three or more paragraphs, explain what were the major ways President Roosevelt’s New Deal tried to end the Great Depression