Behavior An action or series of actions performed in response to a stimulus. http://www.kittens-lair.net/store/en/articles/img137.jpg
Stimulus Something in the environment that causes an organism to respond. Ex: sound, smell, color, another animal, prey, predator, mate http://imagecache.allposters.com/images/pic/PTGPOD/457352-FB~Prairie- Rattlesnake-Crotalus-Viriduis-Posters.jpg
Response An organism’s reaction to a stimulus http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_YuR6V_Yr7Bk/SblYmJD_28I/AAAAAAAABGA/q yCkiXCHrlE/s320/fear.jpg http://askdryin.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/sparrow-growls5- 600x400.jpg
Innate Behavior Natural responses to stimuli that do not depend on learning http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/course/ent425/tutorial/Behavior/empiid.jpg
Fixed Action Pattern Baby cuckoo pushes competing egg out of host parents nest. (Brood parasitism) Common Cuckoo being raised by Reed Warbler http://jakst.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/brood-parasite-birds.jpg
Learned Behavior The development of behaviors through experience. Chimpanzees learn to use a stick to get termites out of a mound. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.honoluluzoo.org/images/enrich_honzoo _chimp7_small.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.honoluluzoo.org/enrichment_chimps_forage.htm& usg=__woo5vYFOeRCuUml_R- rle0bWnag=&h=224&w=300&sz=14&hl=en&start=39&um=1&tbnid=oS6_uaJssbkMQM:&tbn h=87&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dchimps%2Busing%2Btools%26ndsp%3D20%26h l%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en- us%26sa%3DN%26start%3D20%26um%3D1
Imprinting http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LbOOPKBg0iA Imprinting An animal develops a particular response to an object or organism only during a brief period early in life. http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=ac71586ffcee0400&q=lorenz%20i mprinting&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dlorenz%2Bimprinting%26ndsp%3D20%26hl %3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en- us%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1&safe=active
Natural Selection Behaviors that increase an individual’s reproductive success are favored by natural selection. Male lions kill or chase off the cubs of a previous male. http://www.africanwildlifeguide.com/species-guide/mammals/big- 5/lion/image/Small/lion-pride.jpg
Migration Seasonal movement between distant places. To find better climate, food, mates, place to raise young.
Humpback whales migrate 5,100 miles between their feeding ground in Antarctica to their mating zones off Costa Rica. Why?
Hibernation Animal’s metabolic rate and body temperature drop. Animal becomes inactive for varying amounts of time. Ex: bats, groundhogs, prairie dogs, ladybugs, box turtles, squirrels, bears
Circadian Rhythms A cycle that occurs on a daily basis Internal cycle occurs in almost every animal Body temperature, sleep patterns, activity level Nocturnal - active at night Diurnal - active in daytime
Communication: any behavior that contains information and involves a sender and receiver. Animals use signals to influence the behavior of other animals.
Types of Communication Sight Chemicals Touch Sound Language
Sight Visual signals are fast and easy to produce. Bright colors may scare off a competitor or predator. http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/animal-camouflage-3.jpg
Chemical Termites mark their trail with chemicals called pheromones. http://www.archicentre.com.au/350termites.jpg
Sound Best over large distances. May signal food or predators or to attract mates.
Reproductive Strategies Animals have mating and parenting behaviors to maximize reproductive success. 1. Find and choose mate. 2. May use complex courting behavior or intense competition 3. Either abandon young or provide care.
Territorial Behavior Defending a portion of habitat against others of the same species. Competition for food or mates. Marking territory with scent, sound. Aggressive displays or fights. http://pro.corbis.com/images/42-15309507.jpg?size=67&uid=%7BA95BE9DF- 7F5A-4D6E-B041-3DF13C91FCF7%7D
Courtship Behavior Behavior ritual that precedes and leads to mating. http://www.photobirder.com/Bird_Photos/blue_footed_booby_r128.jpg
Sexual Selection Females prefer a particular trait in males. That trait may affect the survival of the male. Female chooses mate! http://www.itsnature.org/ground/birds-land/the-peacock/
Parental Behavior Protecting young and providing food Mammals nurse young. 90% of birds give care. Very few amphibians, reptiles, arachnids, insects