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2 factbook/print/mx.html Mexico is 3x larger than Texas. Natural Resources: petro, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber. Natural problems: tsunamis, Volcanoes, Earthquakes, hurricanes.


4 Government in Mexico Present form of government began in, 16 September 1810 (declared); 27 September 1821 (recognized by Spain) The government was started by the local people, who removed the Spaniards. They held elections in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that had opposition candidates. Government building in Mexico City

5 The Founder: Padre Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla In 1810 Hidalgo led a group of indigenous and mestizo peasants in a revolt against the dominant peninsular under the banner of the Virgin of Guadalupe. After clashes with the criollos and Mexican townspeople the group disbanded. Hidalgo was captured on 21 March 1811, and executed on 30 July. Hidalgo's rebellion was the beginning of what would become the Mexican War of Independence. Although he was unsuccessful in his original aim, Hidalgo's efforts were followed by those of José María Morelos and Agustín de Iturbide who brought down the colonial governments of Spain in Mexico. Hidalgo is considered the Father of the Nation of Mexico.

6 José María Morelos 1765-1815 Augustine 1 "Iturbide Emperador" attributed to Josephus Arias Huerta

7 Government Organization Mexico is a federal republic because it is made up of state’s or federal entities. All of the federal entities make up the federation. The government is a representative form because the people elect other people to represent them. It is a democratic because individuals have the right to free choice.

8 Individuals involved with the government - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON. Felipe Calderon Bicameral National Congress or Congress of the Union. He consists of the Senate. His name is Camara Senadores. Felipe Calderon Camara Senadores

9 2 Famous people from Mexico 1 more Ana Guevara - began her sports success as a basketball player. Although she excelled on the courts, she switched to running at age 19. She has since become one of the world’s best runners of the 400- meter distance and a national hero in Mexico. She won the world championships in that event in 2003 and a silver medal at the Summer Olympics in 2004. Emiliano Zapata - Zapata grew up in an area where many of the indigenous inhabitants had been marginalized by wealthy landowners. Although Zapata was of mixed Spanish and indigenous background, he soon began fighting for indigenous rights. He went on to help overthrow the government of Porfirio Diaz in the Mexican Revolution. Ana GuevaraEmiliano Zapata

10 Religions Roman Catholic 76.5% Protestant 6.3% Pentecostal 1.4% Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.1% Other 4.1% Unspecified 13.8% None 3.1%

11 Holidays A float for the Day of the Dead.

12 Day of the Dead – (dia de los muertos) celebrated between October 31th – November 2 nd, it is a celebration in that Mexicans remember and honor their deceased loved ones. Through it may sound gloomy or morbid, it’s not. It is a festive and colorful holiday. Mexicans visit cementers, decorate the graves, and spend more time there. New Years celebration – Mexico has the biggest new years party and it’s held in Mexico city, where they will block off traffic. There will be stages set where bands will play from 5pm. At midnight there will be large fireworks. Then a fiesta will continue till morning.

13 Tourist Sites

14 Illustrations of country sides Northern border side of Mexico Mexico Country side Countryside of Mexico

15 Illustrations of cities Mexico City Colonial Cities of Mexico Mexicali Teotihuacan

16 Food Traditions Rosca de reyas – this is a important part of any Mexican Christmas celebration. It is a egg bread made wreath. And decorated.

17 Attitude toward Food Relaxed attitude Lunch is the main meal Dinner is light Do not eat while walking. Hands above the table Favorites are: corn, beans, rice, chilies, spices, vegetables, meats, fish, tortillas, frijoles refritos, quesadillas, mole (spicy sauce), tacos, enchiladas

18 Fruits and vegetables Produced 2.7 oranges in 1993. 580,000 apples 270,000 table grapes 185,000 tangerines 118,000 grape fruit It has also produced bananas, mangos, raisins, watermelons and much more Mexican output of fresh tomatoes has rapidly increased over the years

19 Illustrations of indigenous to the country Chili beans Chili peppers Cocoa

20 Illustrations of foods produced and raised Vegetables Meats

21 Illustrations of foods for meals and snacks more dinners Burritos usually made as a dinner dish Bokdos snacks are just like chips and to eat and go

22 Illustrations of foods for meals and snacks Tortilla and burritos Nachos

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