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ISAIAH CHAPTER EIGHTEEN. ASSYRIAN EMPIRE TIGLATH-PILESER(745-727BC)? SHALMANESER(727-722BC)? SAMARIA DESTROYED - ISRAEL TAKEN CAPTIVE (722BC)? SENNACHERIB.

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Presentation on theme: "ISAIAH CHAPTER EIGHTEEN. ASSYRIAN EMPIRE TIGLATH-PILESER(745-727BC)? SHALMANESER(727-722BC)? SAMARIA DESTROYED - ISRAEL TAKEN CAPTIVE (722BC)? SENNACHERIB."— Presentation transcript:

1 ISAIAH CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

2 ASSYRIAN EMPIRE TIGLATH-PILESER( BC)? SHALMANESER( BC)? SAMARIA DESTROYED - ISRAEL TAKEN CAPTIVE (722BC)? SENNACHERIB ( BC)? NINEVEH DESTROYED (606BC)? BABYLONIAN EMPIRE NEBUCHADNEZZAR ( BC)? TEMPLE DESTROYED - JUDAH TAKEN CAPTIVE (586BC)? BELSHAZZAR( BC)? MEDO-PERSIAN EMPIRE CYRUS( BC)? BABYLON DESTROYED (536BC)? ZERUBBABEL REBUILDS THE TEMPLE ( BC)? DARIUS( BC)? AHASUERUS ( BC)? ARTAXERXES( BC)? NEHEMIAH REBUILDS WALLS OF JERUSALEM (444BC)?

3 PROPHET - DATE JONAH( BC)? AMOS( BC)? JOEL(770BC)? MICAH( BC)? HOSEA( BC)? ISAIAH( BC)? NAHUM ( BC)? ZEPHANIAH( BC)? HABAKKUK(627BC)? JEREMIAH( BC)? OBADIAH(605BC)? DANIEL ( BC)? EZEKIEL( BC)? MALACHI( BC)? HAGGAI( BC)? ZECHARIAH( BC)? KING / EVENT - DATE TIGLATH-PILESER ( BC)? SHALMANESER ( BC)? ISRAEL TAKEN CAPTIVE (722BC)? NEBUCHADNEZZAR ( BC)? BELSHAZZAR( BC)? JUDAH TAKEN CAPTIVE (586BC)? CYRUS ( BC)? BABYLON DESTROYED (536BC)? DARIUS ( BC)?

4 OUTLINE ISAIAH CHAPTER EIGHTEEN PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA PROPHECY AGAINST ETHIOPIA & (EGYPT)V. 1-2 THE LORD’S FAVOUR TOWARDS ZIONV. 3-4 THE DESTRUCTION OF SENNACHERIBV. 5-6 EGYPT WILL BE GRATEFUL TO GODV. 7

5 READ:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, Which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide."

6 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHERE IS ETHIOPIA?WHO WERE THE ETHIOPIANS? HOW DOES ISAIAH DESCRIBE THE ETHIOPIANS? WHAT LAND IS BEYOND THE RIVERS OF ETHIOPIA? EGYPT? WHAT LAND DID THESE RIVERS DIVIDE?EGYPT? WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? IS THIS PROPHESY AGAINST ETHIOPIA? OR EGYPT? WHO SENT THESE AMBASSADORS?WHY? WHAT SEA ARE THEY CROSSING? WHAT NATION HAD VESSELS OF REED? WHO IS THE MESSAGE FOR?

7 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHERE IS ETHIOPIA?WHO WERE THE ETHIOPIANS? THE HEBREW WORD CUSH TRANSLATED IN GREEK TO ETHIOPIA READ:GENESIS 10:6-7 6The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 7The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtechah; and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. NKJV (1 CHRONICLES 1:8-9)

8 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." HOW DID ISAIAH DESCRIBE THE ETHIOPIANS? ETHIOPIA MEANS BURNT FACE READ:JEREMIAH 13:23 23Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard its spots? Then may you also do good who are accustomed to do evil. NKJV

9 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHAT LAND IS BEYOND THE RIVERS OF ETHIOPIA? EGYPT? WHAT LAND DID THESE RIVERS DIVIDE?EGYPT? SEVEN RIVERS COMPRISE THE RIVER NILE THEY ORIGINATE IN ETHIOPIA AND FLOW NORTH. TWO OF THESE RIVERS ARE REFERED TO AS WHITE NILE AND BLUE (DARK) NILE. WHITE NILE ORIGINATES AT LAKE VICTORIA BLUE (DARK) NILE FLOWS INTO THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA

10 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? WHERE NATION WAS MOSES WIFE ZIPPORAH FROM? READ:NUMBERS 12:1 1Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married; for he had married an Ethiopian woman. WAS MOSES WIFE ZIPPORAH FROM ETHIOPIA? OR MIDIAN? READ:EXODUS 2:16-21

11 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WAS MOSES WIFE ZIPPORAH FROM ETHIOPIA? OR MIDIAN? READ:EXODUS 2: The priest of Midian had seven daughters. They came and drew water, and they filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 17The shepherds came and drove them away; but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock. 18When they came to Reuel their father, he said, “How is it that you have come so soon today?” 19They said, “An Egyptian delivered us from the hand of the shepherds. He also drew enough water for us and watered the flock.” 20He said to his daughters, “Where is he? Why is it that you have left the man? Call him, that he may eat bread.” 21Moses was content to live with the man, and he gave Zipporah his daughter to Moses.NKJV

12 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? WHO DID JOAB SEND TO KING DAVID? WHAT IS A CUSHITE?ETHIOPIAN? READ:2 SAMUEL 18: Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said, “Let me run now and take the news to the king, how the LORD has avenged him of his enemies.” 20Joab said to him, “You shall not take the news this day, for you shall take the news another day. But today you shall take no news, because the king's son is dead.” 21Joab said to the Cushite, “Go, tell the king what you have seen. So the Cushite bowed himself to Joab and ran.” NKJV

13 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? WHO WAS EBED-MELECH?ETHIOPIAN? WHAT DID HE DO? READ:JEREMIAH 38:7-13 7Ebed-Melech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs, who was in the king's house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in the dungeon. When the king was sitting at the Gate of Benjamin, 8Ebed-Melech went out of the king's house and spoke to the king, saying: 9“My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon, and he is likely to die from hunger in the place where he is. For there is no more bread in the city.”

14 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? WHO WAS EBED-MELECH?ETHIOPIAN? WHAT DID HE DO? READ:JEREMIAH 38: The king commanded Ebed-Melech the Ethiopian, saying, “Take from here thirty men with you, and lift Jeremiah the prophet out of the dungeon before he dies.” 11Ebed-Melech took the men with him and went into the house of the king under the treasury, and took from there old clothes and old rags, and let them down by ropes into the dungeon to Jeremiah. 12Ebed-Melech the Ethiopian said to Jeremiah, “Please put these old clothes and rags under your armpits, under the ropes.” And Jeremiah did so. 13They pulled Jeremiah up with ropes and lifted him out of the dungeon. Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison. NKJV

15 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? WHAT DID THE LORD TELL JEREMIAH TO DO? WHY DID THE LORD SPARE EBED-MELECH? READ:JEREMIAH 39: The word of the LORD had come to Jeremiah while he was shut up in the court of the prison, saying, 16“Go and speak to Ebed-Melech the Ethiopian,” saying, Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘Behold, I will bring My words upon this city for adversity and not for good, and they shall be performed in that day before you.’ 17‘But I will deliver you in that day’, says the LORD, ‘and you shall not be given into the hand of the men of whom you are afraid.’ 18‘For I will surely deliver you, and you shall not fall by the sword; but your life shall be as a prize to you, because you have put your trust in Me,’” says the LORD.NKJV READ:MATTHEW 25:35-36

16 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID THE LORD TELL JEREMIAH TO DO? WHY DID THE LORD SPARE EBED-MELECH? READ:MATTHEW 25: I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in; 36I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me. NKJV

17 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? WHO WAS SHISHAK?KING OF EGYPT? WHO FOUGHT WITH SHISHAK AGAINST JUDAH?ETHIOPIANS? READ:2 CHRONICLES 12:2-4 2In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem because they had transgressed against the LORD, 3With twelve hundred chariots, sixty thousand horsemen, and people without number who came with him out of Egypt — the Lubim and the Sukkiim and the Ethiopians. 4He took the fortified cities of Judah and came to Jerusalem. (1 KINGS 14:25-28)

18 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHO WAS ZERAH?ETHIOPIAN? WHAT DID THE LORD DO TO THE ETHIOPIANS? READ:2 CHRONICLES 14:9-13 9Zerah the Ethiopian came out against them with an army of a million men and three hundred chariots, and he came to Mareshah. 10Asa went out against him, and they set the troops in battle array in the Valley of Zephathah at Mareshah. 11Asa cried out to the LORD his God, and said, “LORD, it is nothing for You to help, whether with many or with those who have no power; help us, O LORD our God, for we rest on You, and in Your name we go against this multitude. O LORD, You are our God; do not let man prevail against You!” 12The LORD struck the Ethiopians before Asa and Judah, and the Ethiopians fled. 13Asa and the people who were with him pursued them to Gerar. So the Ethiopians were overthrown, and they could not recover, for they were broken before the LORD and His army. And they carried away very much spoil.NKJV (1 KINGS 15:9-15)

19 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ETHIOPIANS? WHO WAS TIRHAKAH?KING OF ETHIOPIA? WHAT DID TIRHAKAH SAY TO HEZEKIAH? READ:2 KINGS 19:8-10 8The Rabshakeh returned and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah, for he heard that he had departed from Lachish. 9The king heard concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Look, he has come out to make war with you. So he again sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, 10Thus you shall speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying: “Do not let your God in whom you trust deceive you, saying, ‘Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.’”NKJV WHAT DID TIRHAKAH DO? HE OPPOSED SENNACHERIB KING OF ASSYRIA AND GAVE MILITARY AID TO HEZEKIAH KING OF JUDAH

20 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID JEREMIAH PROPHESY AGAINST EGYPT? WHY AGAINST THE ETHIOPIANS? READ:JEREMIAH 46:9-10 9Come up, O horses, and rage, O chariots! And let the mighty men come forth: The Ethiopians and the Libyans who handle the shield, And the Lydians who handle and bend the bow. 10For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, A day of vengeance, That He may avenge Himself on His adversaries. The sword shall devour; It shall be satiated and made drunk with their blood; For the Lord GOD of hosts has a sacrifice In the north country by the River Euphrates. NKJV WHO WILL THE LORD SEND? NEBUCHADNEZZAR? READ:JEREMIAH 46:13 13The word that the LORD spoke to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon would come and strike the land of Egypt. NKJV

21 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID EZEKIEL PROPHESY AGAINST EGYPT? READ:EZEKIEL 29:8-10 8Thus says the Lord GOD: “Surely I will bring a sword upon you and cut off from you man and beast.” 9“The land of Egypt shall become desolate and waste; then they will know that I am the LORD, because he said, ‘The River is mine, and I have made it.’” 10“Indeed, therefore, I am against you and against your rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste and desolate, from Migdol to Syene, as far as the border of Ethiopia.”NKJV DID THIS INCLUDE ETHIOPIA? READ:EZEKIEL 30:4-6

22 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID EZEKIEL PROPHESY AGAINST EGYPT? WHY DID THIS INCLUDE ETHIOPIA? READ:EZEKIEL 30:4-6 4“The sword shall come upon Egypt, And great anguish shall be in Ethiopia, When the slain fall in Egypt, And they take away her wealth, And her foundations are broken down.” 5“Ethiopia, Libya, Lydia, all the mingled people, Chub, and the men of the lands who are allied, shall fall with them by the sword.” 6Thus says the LORD: “Those who uphold Egypt shall fall, And the pride of her power shall come down. From Migdol to Syene Those within her shall fall by the sword,” Says the Lord GOD. NKJV

23 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID DANIEL PROPHESY AGAINST EGYPT? WHO IS HE?ANTIOCHUS EPIPHANES? DID THIS INCLUDE ETHIOPIA? READ:DANIEL 11: He shall stretch out his hand against the countries, and the land of Egypt shall not escape. 43He shall have power over the treasures of gold and silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt; also the Libyans and Ethiopians shall follow at his heels. 44But news from the east and the north shall trouble him; therefore he shall go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate many. 45He shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and no one will help him. NKJV

24 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHO DID NAHUM SAY CONCERNING AMON OF NO? WHAT HAPPENED TO THEM? ETHIOPIA AND EGYPT? PUT AND LUBIM? (LYBIA) READ:NAHUM 3:8-10 8Are you better than No Amon That was situated by the River, That had the waters around her, Whose rampart was the sea, Whose wall was the sea? 9Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, And it was boundless; Put and Lubim were your helpers. 10Yet she was carried away, She went into captivity; Her young children also were dashed to pieces At the head of every street; They cast lots for her honorable men, And all her great men were bound in chains. NKJV

25 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID JEREMIAH PROPHESY CONCERNING AMON OF NO?PHAROAH AND EGYPT? WHO WOULD THE LORD SEND AGAINST THEM? NEBUCHADNEZZAR? READ:JEREMIAH 46: The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, says: “Behold, I will bring punishment on Amon of No, and Pharaoh and Egypt, with their gods and their kings — Pharaoh and those who trust in him.” 26“I will deliver them into the hand of those who seek their lives, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of his servants. Afterward it shall be inhabited as in the days of old,” says the LORD. NKJV

26 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID EZEKIEL PROPHESY CONCERNING NO AND SIN OF EGYPT? READ:EZEKIEL 30: I will make Pathros desolate, Set fire to Zoan, And execute judgments in No. 15I will pour My fury on Sin, the strength of Egypt; I will cut off the multitude of No, 16And set a fire in Egypt; Sin shall have great pain, No shall be split open And Noph shall be in distress daily. NKJV WILDERNESS OF SINEXODUS 16:1; 17:1NUMBERS 33:11-12 NO – THE CITY OF THEBES (THE CITY OF ZEUS) ABOUT 350 MILES SOUTH OF CAIRO, EGYPT

27 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1“Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia,” 2“Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters,” saying, ‘Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide.’” DID THE LORD COMPLETELY FORSAKE ETHIOPIA? READ:AMOS 9:7 7“Are you not like the people of Ethiopia to Me, O children of Israel?” says the LORD. “Did I not bring up Israel from the land of Egypt, The Philistines from Caphtor, And the Syrians from Kir?” READ:PSALMS 68:31 31Envoys will come out of Egypt; Ethiopia will quickly stretch out her hands to God.

28 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, DID THE LORD COMPLETELY FORSAKE ETHIOPIA? READ:ZEPHANIAH 3:8-10 8“Wait for Me,” says the LORD, “Until the day I rise up for plunder; My determination is to gather the nations To My assembly of kingdoms, To pour on them My indignation, All My fierce anger; All the earth shall be devoured With the fire of My jealousy.” 9“For then I will restore to the peoples a pure language, That they all may call on the name of the LORD, To serve Him with one accord.” 10“From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia My worshipers, The daughter of My dispersed ones, Shall bring My offering.” NKJV

29 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, DID THE LORD COMPLETELY FORSAKE ETHIOPIA? READ:ACTS 8: An angel of the Lord spoke to Philip, saying, “Arise and go toward the south along the road which goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza. This is desert.” 27So he arose and went. And behold, a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace the queen of the Ethiopians, who had charge of all her treasury, and had come to Jerusalem to worship, 28Was returning. And sitting in his chariot, he was reading Isaiah the prophet.NKJV

30 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHAT IS AN AMBASSADOR?MESSENGER? WHO SENT THESE AMBASSADORS? WHAT SEA ARE THEY CROSSING? WHO SENT THESE MESSENGERS?WHYS? WHAT NATION WAS ‘A TERRIBLE PEOPLE’? WHICH NATION WAS SO POWERFUL? WHOSE NATION IS DIVIDED BY RIVERS?

31 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHAT IS AN AMBASSABDOR?MESSENGER? WHO SENT THESE MESSENGERS? WHY DID MOSES SEND MESSENGERS TO KING OF EDOM? READ:NUMBERS 20:14-17 WHY DID DISRAEL SEND MESSENGERS TO KING OF AMORITES? READ:NUMBERS 21:21-23 WHY DID GIBEON SEND MESSENGERS TO JOSHUA? READ:JOSHUA 9:3-6 WHY DID DAVID SEND MESSENGERS TO KING OF AMMON? READ:2 SAMUEL 10:1-4

32 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT IS AN AMBASSABDOR?MESSENGER? WHY DID MOSES SEND MESSENGERS TO KING OF EDOM? READ:NUMBERS 20: Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom. Thus says your brother Israel: “You know all the hardship that has befallen us,” 15“How our fathers went down to Egypt, and we dwelt in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians afflicted us and our fathers.” 16“When we cried out to the LORD, He heard our voice and sent the Angel and brought us up out of Egypt; now here we are in Kadesh, a city on the edge of your border.” 17“Please let us pass through your country. We will not pass through fields or vineyards, nor will we drink water from wells; we will go along the King's Highway; we will not turn aside to the right hand or to the left until we have passed through your territory.” NKJV

33 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT IS AN AMBASSABDOR?MESSENGER? WHY DID ISRAEL SEND MESSENGERS TO KING OF AMORITES? READ:NUMBERS 21: Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying, 22“Let me pass through your land. We will not turn aside into fields or vineyards; we will not drink water from wells. We will go by the King's Highway until we have passed through your territory.” 23But Sihon would not allow Israel to pass through his territory. Sihon gathered all his people together and went out against Israel in the wilderness, and he came to Jahaz and fought against Israel.NKJV(DEUTERONOMY 2:26-37)

34 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT IS AN AMBASSABDOR?MESSENGER? WHY DID GIBEON SEND MESSENGERS TO JOSHUA? READ:JOSHUA 9:3-6 3When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai, 4They worked craftily, and went and pretended to be ambassadors. They took old sacks on their donkeys, old wineskins torn and mended, 5Old and patched sandals on their feet, and old garments on themselves; and all the bread of their provision was dry and moldy. 6They went to Joshua, to the camp at Gilgal, and said to him and to the men of Israel, “We have come from a far country; now therefore, make a covenant with us.”NKJV

35 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT IS AN AMBASSABDOR?MESSENGER? WHY DID DAVID SEND MESSENGERS TO KING OF AMMON? READ:2 SAMUEL 10:1-4 1The king of the people of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his place. 2David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent by the hand of his servants to comfort him concerning his father. And David's servants came into the land of the people of Ammon. 3The princes of the people of Ammon said to Hanun their lord, “Do you think that David really honors your father because he has sent comforters to you? Has David not rather sent his servants to you to search the city, to spy it out, and to overthrow it?” 4Therefore Hanun took David's servants, shaved off half of their beards, cut off their garments in the middle, at their buttocks, and sent them away.NKJV(1 CHRONICLES 19)

36 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 PROCLAMATION AGAINST ETHIOPIA 1Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHO SENT THESE AMBASSADORS? THE LORD? WHAT SEA ARE THEY CROSSING?RED SEA - SEA OF EGYPT WHAT NATION WAS TALL AND OF SMOOTH SKIN? WHAT NATION WAS A TERRIBLE PEOPLE FROM THE BEGINNING? WHOSE NATION WAS DIVIDED BY RIVERS?

37 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHO SENT THESE AMBASSADORS?THE LORD? WHAT SEA ARE THEY CROSSING?RED SEA - SEA OF EGYPT WHO IS THE MESSAGE FOR?ETHIOPIA?EGYPT? READ:EZEKIEL 30:9 9On that day messengers shall go forth from Me in ships to make the careless Ethiopians afraid And great anguish shall come upon them As on the day of Egypt; For indeed it is coming!NKJV READ:JEREMIAH 49:14 14I have heard a message from the LORD And an ambassador has been sent to the nations: “Gather together, come against her, And rise up to battle!” NKJV

38 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 2Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, "Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide." WHAT PEOPLE WERE TERRIBLE FROM THE BEGINNING? READ:GENESIS 10:8-12 8Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before the LORD; therefore it is said, Like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD. 10The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, 12And Resen between Nineveh and Calah (the principal city). IN WHAT LANDS DID NIMROD BUILD?SHINAR? WHERE WAS RESEN?BETWEEN NINEVEH AND CALAH?

39 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID THE LORD TELL JONAH TO DO?WHY? READ:JONAH 1:1-2 1The word of the LORD came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their wickedness has come up before Me.NKJV WHAT DID JONAH PROPHECY CONCERNING NINEVEH? READ:JONAH 3:2-4 2Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you. 3Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, a three-day journey in extent. 4Jonah began to enter the city on the first day's walk. Then he cried out and said, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!”

40 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT WAS THE LAND OF NIMROD?ASSYRIA? WHAT WAS THE CAPITAL OF ASSYRIA?NINEVEH? WHAT DID MICAH PROPHESY CONCERNING ASSYRIA? READ:MICAH 5:5-6 5When the Assyrian comes into our land; when he treads in our palaces, Then we will raise against him Seven shepherds and eight princely men. 6They shall waste with the sword the land of Assyria And the land of Nimrod at its entrances; Thus He shall deliver us from the Assyrian, When he comes into our land And when he treads within our borders. NKJV

41 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHO WILL THE LORD DESTROY? ETHIOPIA?ASSYRIA?NINEVEH? READ:ZEPHANIAH 2: The LORD will be awesome to them, For He will reduce to nothing all the gods of the earth; People shall worship Him, Each one from his place, Indeed all the shores of the nations. 12You Ethiopians also, You shall be slain by My sword. 13He will stretch out His hand against the north, Destroy Assyria, And make Nineveh a desolation, As dry as the wilderness. NKJV

42 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:1-2 WHAT DID EZEKIEL PROPHECY CONCERNING EGYPT? EGYPT AND HER ALLIES WILL FALL? READ:EZEKIEL 30:1-5 1The word of the LORD came to me again, saying, 2Son of man, prophesy and say, Thus says the Lord GOD: Wail, Woe to the day! 3For the day is near, Even the day of the LORD is near; It will be a day of clouds, the time of the Gentiles. 4The sword shall come upon Egypt, And great anguish shall be in Ethiopia, When the slain fall in Egypt, And they take away her wealth, And her foundations are broken down. 5Ethiopia, Libya, Lydia, all the mingled people, Chub, and the men of the lands who are allied, shall fall with them by the sword. NKJV

43 READ:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. 4For so the LORD said to me, "I will take My rest, And I will look from My dwelling place Like clear heat in sunshine, Like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.“

44 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. 4For so the LORD said to me, "I will take My rest, And I will look from My dwelling place Like clear heat in sunshine, Like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.“ WHO IS HE?ASSYRIA? SENNACHERIB? 715BC? WHAT IS A BANNER?ENSIGN?STANDARD? WHAT WAS THE PURPOSE OF THE BANNER? WHAT WAS THE PURPOSE OF THE TRUMPET? HOW WILL THE LORD WARN THE PEOPLE?WHY?

45 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. WHAT IS A BANNER?ENSIGN?STANDARD? WHO DID MOSES SAY WAS HIS BANNER? READ:EXODUS 17: Joshua defeated Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. 14The LORD said to Moses, “Write this for a memorial in the book and recount it in the hearing of Joshua that I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.” 15Moses built an altar and called its name, The-LORD-Is-My- Banner; 16He said, “Because the LORD has sworn: the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.”NKJV

46 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. WHAT IS A BANNER?ENSIGN?STANDARD? WHAT DID DAVID SAY WAS ABOUT SETTING UP A BANNER? READ:PSALMS 20:5 5We will rejoice in your salvation And in the name of our God we will set up our banners! May the LORD fulfill all your petitions. READ:PSALMS 60:4 4You have given a banner to those who fear You That it may be displayed because of the truth.NKJV

47 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. WHAT WAS THE PURPOSE OF THE BANNER? HOW DID ISRAEL ASSEMBLE AROUND THE TABERNACLE? READ:NUMBERS 2:1-3 1The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2“Everyone of the children of Israel shall camp by his own standard, beside the emblems of his father's house. They shall camp some distance from the tabernacle of meeting.” 3“On the east side, toward the rising of the sun, those of the standard of the forces with Judah shall camp according to their armies. And Nahshon the son of Amminadab shall be the leader of the children of Judah.”NKJV

48 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. WHAT DID JEREMIAH SAY ABOUT SETTING UP A BANNER? PREPARE FOR BATTLE? READ:JEREMIAH 4:6 6Set up the standard toward Zion. Take refuge! Do not delay! For I will bring disaster from the north And great destruction. NKJV READ:JEREMIAH 4: O my soul, my soul! I am pained in my very heart! My heart makes a noise in me. I cannot hold my peace Because you have heard, O my soul, The sound of the trumpet, The alarm of war. 20Destruction upon destruction is cried For the whole land is plundered. Suddenly my tents are plundered And my curtains in a moment. 21How long will I see the standard And hear the sound of the trumpet? NKJV

49 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. WHAT HAPPENED AT MOUNT SINAI? READ:EXODUS 19: Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 18Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. 19When the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by voice. 20The LORD came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And the LORD called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. NKJV

50 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 3All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it. WHAT HAPPENED AT MOUNT SINAI? READ:EXODUS 20: All the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. 19They said to Moses, “You speak with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.”NKJV

51 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 HOW DID THE LORD INSTRUCT ISRAEL? WITH THE TRUMPETS? READ:NUMBERS 10:1-6 1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying: 2“Make two silver trumpets for yourself; you shall make them of hammered work; you shall use them for calling the congregation and for directing the movement of the camps.” 3“When they blow both of them, all the congregation shall gather before you at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.” 4“But If they blow only one, then the leaders, the heads of the divisions of Israel, shall gather to you.” 5“When you sound the advance, the camps that lie on the east side shall then begin their journey.” 6“When you sound the advance the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall begin their journey; they shall sound the call for them to begin their journeys.”

52 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 HOW DID THE LORD INSTRUCT ISRAEL? WITH THE TRUMPETS? READ:NUMBERS 10:7-9 7“When the assembly is to be gathered together, you shall blow, but not sound the advance.” 8“The sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets; and these shall be to you as an ordinance forever throughout your generations.” 9“When you go to war in your land against the enemy who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, and you will be remembered before the LORD your God, and you will be saved from your enemies.”NKJV WHAT DID THE PRIESTS CARRY INTO BATTLE?TRUMPETS? READ:NUMBERS 31:6 6Moses sent them to the war, one thousand from each tribe; he sent them to the war with Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, with the holy articles and the signal trumpets in his hand.

53 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 WHAT DID THE PRIESTS DO AT THE BATTLE OF JERICHO? BLEW THE TRUMPETS? READ:JOSHUA 6: Joshua rose early in the morning and the priests took up the ark of the LORD. 13Seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually and blew with the trumpets. The armed men went before them But the rear guard came after the ark of the LORD, while the priests continued blowing the trumpets. 14The second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. So they did six days. NKJV READ:JOSHUA 6:20 20The people shouted when the priests blew the trumpets. When the people heard the sound of the trumpet and shouted with a great shout, The wall fell down flat. The people went up into the city every man straight before him and they took the city.NKJV

54 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 HOW DID GIDEON GATHER HIS ARMY? BLEW THE TRUMPET? READ:JUDGES 6: All the Midianites and Amalekites, the people of the East, gathered together; and they crossed over and encamped in the Valley of Jezreel. 34The Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon; then He blew the trumpet and the Abiezrites gathered behind him. 35He sent messengers throughout all Manasseh, who also gathered behind him. He sent messengers to Asher, Zebulun and Naphtali; and they came up to meet them. NKJV

55 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 WHAT DID THE GIDEON’S MEN TAKE WITH THEM TO BATTLE? TORCHES?PITCHERS?TRUMPETS? READ:JUDGES 7: He divided the three hundred men into three companies and he put a trumpet into every man's hand, with empty pitchers and torches inside the pitchers. 17He said to them, “Look at me and do likewise. Watch and when I come to the edge of the camp you shall do as I do:” 18“When I blow the trumpet, I and all who are with me, Then you also blow the trumpets on every side of the whole camp and say, ‘The sword of the LORD and of Gideon!’”NKJV

56 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:3-4 HOW DID GIDEON AND HIS MEN DEFEAT THE ENEMY? READ:JUDGES 7: Gideon and the hundred men who were with him came to the outpost of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch, just as they had posted the watch; and they blew the trumpets and broke the pitchers that were in their hands. 20The three companies blew the trumpets and broke the pitchers — they held the torches in their left hands and the trumpets in their right hands for blowing — and they cried, ‘The sword of the LORD and of Gideon!’ 21Every man stood in his place all around the camp; and the whole army ran and cried out and fled. 22When the three hundred blew the trumpets, the LORD set every man's sword against his companion throughout the whole camp; and the army fled to Beth Acacia, toward Zererah, as far as the border of Abel Meholah, by Tabbath. NKJV

57 READ:ISAIAH 18:5-6 5For before the harvest, when the bud is perfect And the sour grape is ripening in the flower, He will both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks And take away and cut down the branches. 6They will be left together for the mountain birds of prey And for the beasts of the earth; The birds of prey will summer on them, And all the beasts of the earth will winter on them.

58 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:5-6 5For before the harvest when the bud is perfect And the sour grape is ripening in the flower, He will both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks And take away and cut down the branches. 6They will be left together for the mountain birds of prey And for the beasts of the earth; The birds of prey will summer on them, And all the beasts of the earth will winter on them. HOW WERE THINGS BEFORE THE HARVEST? WHAT HAPPENED AT HARVEST TIME? WHO IS THE HARVESTER?VINE DRESSER? WHAT WILL HE CUT OFF AND TAKEN AWAY? WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BIRDS OF PREY? WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD?

59 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:5-6 5For before the harvest when the bud is perfect And the sour grape is ripening in the flower, He will both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks And take away and cut down the branches. WHO IS THE HARVESTER?VINE DRESSER? THE LORD? WHAT WILL HE CUT OFF AND TAKEN AWAY? READ:JOHN 15:1-4 1I am the true vine and My Father is the vinedresser. 2Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away. Every branch that bears fruit He prunes that it may bear more fruit. 3You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you. 4Abide in Me and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself unless it abides in the vine, Neither can you unless you abide in Me. NKJV

60 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:5-6 WHAT HAPPENED AT HARVEST TIME? READ:REVELATION 14: An angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, the time has come for You to reap and the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth and the earth was reaped. 17Another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven he also having a sharp sickle. 18Another angel came out from the altar who had power over fire. He cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, ‘Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth for her grapes are fully ripe.’ 19The angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth And threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. 20The winepress was trampled outside the city and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses' bridles for one thousand six hundred furlongs. NKJV

61 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:5-6 6They will be left together for the mountain birds of prey And for the beasts of the earth; The birds of prey will summer on them, And all the beasts of the earth will winter on them. WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BIRDS OF PREY? WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD? READ:EZEKIEL 32:2-5 2Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him: You are like a young lion among the nations And you are like a monster in the seas, Bursting forth in your rivers, Troubling the waters with your feet And fouling their rivers. 2Thus says the Lord GOD: “I will spread My net over you with a company of many people And they will draw you up in My net.“ 4“I will leave you on the land; I will cast you out on the open fields And cause to settle on you all the birds of the heavens. And with you I will fill the beasts of the whole earth.” 5“I will lay your flesh on the mountains And fill the valleys with your carcass.” NKJV

62 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:5-6 6They will be left together for the mountain birds of prey And for the beasts of the earth; The birds of prey will summer on them, And all the beasts of the earth will winter on them. WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BIRDS OF PREY? WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD? READ:EZEKIEL 39: “Son of man,” thus says the Lord GOD, “Speak to every sort of bird and to every beast of the field: Assemble yourselves and come; Gather together from all sides to My sacrificial meal Which I am sacrificing for you, A great sacrificial meal on the mountains of Israel That you may eat flesh and drink blood.” 18“You shall eat the flesh of the mighty, Drink the blood of the princes of the earth, Of rams and lambs, Of goats and bulls, All of them fatlings of Bashan.” 19“You shall eat fat till you are full And drink blood till you are drunk, At My sacrificial meal Which I am sacrificing for you.” 20“You shall be filled at My table With horses and riders, With mighty men And with all the men of war,” says the Lord GOD. NKJV

63 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:5-6 6They will be left together for the mountain birds of prey And for the beasts of the earth; The birds of prey will summer on them, And all the beasts of the earth will winter on them. WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BIRDS OF PREY? WHAT IS LEFT FOR THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD? READ:REVELATION 19: I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven, “Come and gather together for the supper of the great God,” 18“That you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great.”NKJV

64 READ:ISAIAH 18:7 7In that time a present will be brought to the LORD of hosts From a people tall and smooth of skin, And from a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide — To the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, To Mount Zion. NKJV

65 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:7 7In that time a present will be brought to the LORD of hosts From a people tall and smooth of skin And from a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide — To the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, To Mount Zion. NKJV WHO ARE THESE PEOPLE?EGYPTIANS?ETHIOPIANS? WHAT WILL THEY BRING TO THE LORD OF HOSTS? PRESENTS?GIFTS? WHERE WILL THEY BRING THEIR GIFTS?MOUNT ZION? WHY?WHEN WILL THIS HAPPEN?

66 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:7 WHO ARE THESE PEOPLE?EGYPTIANS?ETHIOPIANS? WHAT WILL THEY BRING TO THE LORD OF HOSTS? WHY?WHEN WILL THIS HAPPEN? READ:PSALMS 68:31 31Envoys will come out of Egypt; Ethiopia will quickly stretch out her hands to God. NKJV READ:PSALMS 72: The kings of Tarshish and of the isles Will bring presents; The kings of Sheba and Seba Will offer gifts. 11Yes, all kings shall fall down before Him; All nations shall serve Him. NKJV

67 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:7 WHO ARE THESE PEOPLE?EGYPTIANS?ETHIOPIANS? WHAT WILL THEY BRING TO THE LORD OF HOSTS? PRESENTS?GIFTS? WHERE WILL THEY BRING THEIR GIFTS?MOUNT ZION? WHY?WHEN WILL THIS HAPPEN? WHO WAS PRESENT ON THE DAY OF PENTECOST? READ:ACTS 2:9-11 9Parthians and Medes and Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11Cretans and Arabs — we hear them speaking in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.NKJV

68 QUESTIONS:ISAIAH 18:7 7In that time a present will be brought to the LORD of hosts From a people tall and smooth of skin And from a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide — To the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, To Mount Zion. NKJV WHO ARE THESE PEOPLE?EGYPTIANS?ETHIOPIANS? WHAT WILL THEY BRING TO THE LORD OF HOSTS? WHERE WILL THEY BRING THEIR GIFTS?MOUNT ZION? WHAT DID PAUL WISH TO DO FOR THE GENTILES? WHY? READ:ROMANS 15: Brethren, I have written more boldly to you on some points, as reminding you because of the grace given to me by God, 16That I might be a minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God that the offering of the Gentiles might be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.NKJV

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