2POETRYA type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
3POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY POET The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKERThe speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.
4POETRY FORM A word is dead When it is said,Some say.I say it justBegins to liveThat day.FORM - the appearance of the words on the pageLINE - a group of words together on one line of the poemSTANZA - a group of lines arranged together
5KINDS OF STANZAS Couplet = a two line stanza Triplet (Tercet) = a three line stanzaQuatrain = a four line stanzaQuintet = a five line stanzaSestet (Sextet) = a six line stanzaSeptet = a seven line stanzaOctave = an eight line stanza
7RHYTHM The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.
8METER A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. They they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
9FREE VERSE POETRYUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.Does NOT have rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.A more modern type of poetry.
10BLANK VERSE POETRYWritten in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme.from Julius CeasarCowards die many times before their deaths;The valiant never taste of death but once.Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,It seems to me most strange that men should fear;Seeing that death, a necessary end,Will come when it will come.
11RHYMEWords sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.(A word always rhymes with itself.)LAMPSTAMPShare the short “a” vowel soundShare the combined “mp” consonant soundActivity: Rhyme group game
12END RHYMEA word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another lineHector the CollectorCollected bits of string.Collected dolls with broken headsAnd rusty bells that would not ring.
13Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary. INTERNAL RHYMEA word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary.From “The Raven”by Edgar Allan Poe
14NEAR RHYME a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTHROSELOSEDifferent vowel sounds (long “o” and “oo” sound)Share the same consonant sound
15RHYME SCHEMEA rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. (See next slide for an example.)Activity: Rhyme Scheme group game
16SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME The Germ by Ogden Nash A mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.abc
17REFRAIN A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem. “Quoth the raven, ‘Nevermore.’”
19Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface.It usually gives us a feeling about its subject.Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.Printed QuizOnline Quiz
20Recognizing Literal Language “I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!”In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten.Literal language is language that means exactly what is said.Most of the time, we useliteral language.
21What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
22Types of Figurative Language ImagerySimileMetaphorAlliterationPersonificationOnomatopoeiaHyperboleIdioms
23Imagery • Sight • Hearing • Touch • Taste • Smell Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.• Sight• Hearing• Touch• Taste• Smell
24SimileA figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as.Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
25MetaphorA figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as.Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.
26AlliterationRepeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words.Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
27PersonificationA figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.Example: “The wind yells while blowing."The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
28Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
29HyperboleAn exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.Example: She’s said so on several million occasions.
30IdiomsAn idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language.Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.
32LYRIC A short poem Usually written in first person point of view Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a sceneDo not tell a story and are often musical(Many of the poems we read will be lyrics.)
33A frog jumps into the pond. HAIKUA Japanese poem written in three linesFive SyllablesSeven SyllablesAn old silent pond . . .A frog jumps into the pond.Splash! Silence again.
34CINQUAIN A five line poem containing 22 syllables How frail Two SyllablesFour SyllablesSix SyllablesEight SyllablesHow frailAbove the bulkOf crashing water hangsAutumnal, evanescent, wanThe moon.
35SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET abab cdcd efef gg A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet.The rhyme scheme isabab cdcd efef ggShall I compare thee to a summer’s day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate.Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed;And every fair from fair sometimes declines,By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed.But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou grow’stSo long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
36NARRATIVE POEMS A poem that tells a story. Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.Examples of Narrative Poems“The Raven”“The Highwayman”“Casey at the Bat”“The Walrus and the Carpenter”
37CONCRETE POEMSIn concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem.PoetryIs likeFlames,Which areSwift and elusiveDodging realizationSparks, like words on thePaper, leap and dance in theFlickering firelight. The fieryTongues, formless and shiftingShapes, tease the imiagination.Yet for those who see,Through their mind’sEye, they burnUp the page.
38Figurative Language Resources Eye on Idioms (Online PPT)Paint by Idioms (Game)Alliteration or Simile? (Quiz)Similes and Metaphors (PPT)The Search for Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms (PPT)Alliteration (PPT)Onomatopoeia (PPT)Personification (PPT)Hyperbole (PPT)Idioms (PPT)Simile (PPT)
39Teaching Similes and Metaphors Alliteration Lesson Plan and ResourcesHyperbole- Lesson Plans and ResourcesIdiom Lesson PlanImagery- Lesson Plans and ResourcesLesson Plan for PunsOnomatopoeia- Lesson Plans and ResourcesPersonification Lesson Plans and ResourcesProverbs- Lesson Plans and Resources