Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE REDUCE THE VULNERABILITY OF PEOPLE AND PROPERTIES GOBIERNO DE CHILE Mario Pérez Rojas Regional Director for Civil Defense.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE REDUCE THE VULNERABILITY OF PEOPLE AND PROPERTIES GOBIERNO DE CHILE Mario Pérez Rojas Regional Director for Civil Defense."— Presentation transcript:

1 NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE REDUCE THE VULNERABILITY OF PEOPLE AND PROPERTIES GOBIERNO DE CHILE Mario Pérez Rojas Regional Director for Civil Defense and Emergencies RISK = Menace × Vulnerability × Value - (Prevention + Mitigation)

2 Priority Training the community in risk reduction matters. Implementation of the National Plan for School Safety. Training public servants in risk reduction as a factor to consider in planning process. NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

3 It’s a triangle made up of: Authority Science and Technology Community They join in Local Civil Defense Committee System Design NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE Protect people their property environment… in various situations or risk scenarios

4 NATIONAL Secretary of the Interior - Undersecretary of the Interior - Onemi – National Civil Defense Committee. REGIONAL Regional Governor – Regional Civil Defense Director Regional Committee PROVINCIAL Provincial Governor – Provincial Director Provincial Civil Defense Committee COMMUNAL Mayor - Communal Director Communal Civil Defense Committee Escenarios NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

5 It’s the local council task to carry out preventive actions, mitigation actions and care for the affected people after the event. Superior levels coordinate. Basic principles to handle conflict scenes: Mutual Aid and Scaled Use of Resources Who looks after the community NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

6 Centralized Body which produces technical guidelines for planning and disaster reduction since March 12th, 2002 when it has been institutionalized. Its work, as for planning, is reflected by various work methods that have been developed; they enable planning by identifying the specific reality of each scene, kind of threat, medium risk, etc. National Office for Emergencies NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

7 Planning in our Region The Region extends between 29º02'S and 32º16'S parallels, and from 69º49’W meridian up to the Pacific Ocean and is formed by three valleys crossing the Region form East to West. This Region is the narrowest part of Chile; in it, the average altitude of the Andes range is the highest and it’s the only Region in Chile without volcanoes. The yearly average rainfall range from less than 30mm in the North to 200mm in the South. NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

8 Three Povinces Elqui Limarí Choapa 15 communes La Serena, Coquimbo, La Higuera, Vicuña, Andacollo, Paihuano Ovalle, Río Hurtado, Monte Patria, Combarbalá Illapel, Canela, Salamanca, Los Vilos Regional Organization NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

9 Rain 1984 Rain 1988 Drought Rain 1997 Avalanches in el Chape area Almendral, Elqui Valley Avalanche in area Quebrada de Pajaritos. Punitaqui earthquake affected Rain 2000 Rain 2002 Rain and avalanche in Diaguitas 2004 Drought 2005 up to now Natural Events in last 22 years NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

10 All-time Evolution of Precipitations in this Region

11 Every unit must have en emergency plan. This plan specifies the actions of each Committee of Emergency (COE) member according to the event. In it, liaison plans are defined. COE Operation site, etc. The COE is the team which coordinates State actions to overcome the emergency realized by various services. General Procedure NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

12 Every local council must issue an Alfa Report where the situation experienced in the commune as a consequence of the event is shown. This report is issued twice daily as long as the emergency situation persists. It’s primarily issued via Internet, fax, phone and radio vhf or hf. The report is made by local council and sent to the upper level (Provincial Government) which, eventually, consolidates and issues a report for the whole province to higher level. After receiving reports from all three provinces, they are consolidated and sent to central administration. Information flow NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

13 “Accesismico” Methodology City council updates contingency plans for these events. Methodology of micro-zoning for risk areas. The community sets up its own plans; summing these plans will produce the communal plan. (precarious development level) Liaison plans Role definition Affected people survey Lodging definition Damage assessment Plans for rebuilding Planification for earthquake NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

14 Earthquake Risk Analysis Physical Aspects Land Occupation Aspects Social Organization Aspects Integral Planning Rebuilding “Accesismico” Methodology NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

15 20 minutes after an event, the Civil Defense Office must meet in Regional Government building for a preliminary assessment and to activate the COE if it’s necessary. Contact every commune to gather information about people affected, damage, etc. Preliminary report of effects and intensities. Regional Plan for Earthquakes NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

16 Observatories are located in Vicuña commune. In case of any emergency situation report to Vicuña commune local system. Which will implement its plans and act according to the situation. Contingency Plan NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

17 Universidad de Chile Seismic Network Permanent and temporary operating stations. Automatic system for reporting earthquake information via . Regional Resources for Earthquake Measurrment NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE

18

19

20

21

22

23 REDUCE THE VULNERABILITY OF PEOPLE AND PROPERTIES Mario Pérez Rojas Regional Director for Civil Defense and Emergencies


Download ppt "NATIONAL SYSTEM FOR CIVIL DEFENSE REDUCE THE VULNERABILITY OF PEOPLE AND PROPERTIES GOBIERNO DE CHILE Mario Pérez Rojas Regional Director for Civil Defense."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google