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© Consultnet Ltd FIRE & EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
© Consultnet Ltd CONTENTS Emergency Procedures Fire Prevention Use of Portable Fire Extinguishers Conclusions
© Consultnet Ltd Emergency Procedures In the event of an accident, fire or other emergency which cannot be handled by the person discovering it, they must initiate the emergency procedures DIAL 999
© Consultnet Ltd A.Serious Injury/Medical Emergency Do not any move the patient unless in a dangerous situation, stay with and reassure Call the nearest First Aider & Call Ambulance(999), call Supervisor to report the incident 1. Do not any move the patient unless in a dangerous situation, stay with and reassure Call the nearest First Aider & Call Ambulance(999), call Supervisor to report the incident Emergency Procedures
© Consultnet Ltd If you are trained to tackle fires attempt to extinguish If the fire is out of control proceed to the nearest fire alarm/breakglass or phone to raise the alarm Proceed to your designated assembly point Await further instruction from the Emergency Response Co-ordinator Emergency Procedures Fire 1. If you discover a fire :
© Consultnet Ltd If you hear the FIRE ALARM Evacuate the area Proceed to your designated assembly point. Await further instruction from the Emergency Response Co-Ordinator Emergency Procedures
© Consultnet Ltd Remember: Maintain your own safety - do not become a victim Render first aid if qualified to do so Do not attempt to move injured persons unless they are in danger of further injury Remain near the scene and give assistance if required It is an offence to interfere with the scene of a fatal accident Emergency Procedures
© Consultnet Ltd Fire Prevention The “Fire Triangle” identifies the three components of any fire: Fuel paper, wood, flammable gas, energized electrical equipment, etc... Energy (heat), sufficient to support combustion. Often referred to as the ignition source. Oxidizer (air) IF ANY ONE OF THESE IS MISSING, A FIRE CANNOT CONTINUE. THEREFORE…
© Consultnet Ltd Prevention Prevention is based on eliminating or minimizing one of the components of the “Fire Triangle”
© Consultnet Ltd Prevention Other fire prevention methods include: Heat and/or smoke detectors. Automatic fire sprinkler systems. Kitchen hood systems. Building codes and materials. Flame retardant furnishings and materials
© Consultnet Ltd Exit Drills Annual fire drills to be conducted. Fire Wardens appointed who will do a roll call at each designated assembly point to identify missing persons Do you know your Fire Warden & location of assembly point?
© Consultnet Ltd Evacuation Primary and Secondary evacuation routes should be established, by all employees Exits should be clearly marked and all signs lit and unobstructed. DO you know where you would go?
© Consultnet Ltd Fire Extinguishers Essentially, fire extinguishers put out fire by taking away one or more elements of the fire triangle As different fires involve different materials, various fire extinguishers are available to control individual fires
© Consultnet Ltd Ordinary Combustibles These extinguishers are coloured red, filled with water and charged with compressed air: These extinguishers must only be used on rubbish fires They must not be used on any electrical equipment, or fuel Fuel is lighter than water, therefore the burning fuel will float on the water, spreading the fire
© Consultnet Ltd Flammable Liquid yellow band around the top These extinguishers are coloured red with a yellow band around the top, they consist of water to which AFFF(foam) has been added Activated in the same way as the water extinguisher To extinguish fuel fire with a foam extinguisher, aim the jet at the far edge of the fire and slowly work it across. Fuel fighting extinguishers can be used on both carboniferous and fuel fires Contains 96% water- must not be used on electrical fires
© Consultnet Ltd CO 2 Carbon Dioxide black stripe A Carbon Dioxide extinguisher is coloured red and has a black stripe around the body of the cylinder It is to be used on electrical fires Electrical equipment located near a fire should not be switched on until checked by a qualified electrician
© Consultnet Ltd Fire Extinguishers Remember this easy acronym when using an extinguisher - P.A.S.S. P ull the pin. A im the nozzle. S queeze the handle. S weep side to side at the base of the fire. NOTE: If, when using a fire extinguisher, the fire is physically larger than you can safely handle, evacuate the area and notify others by activating the emergency pull station and call 999
© Consultnet Ltd REMEMBER P.A.S.S. Pull the pin This will allow you to discharge the extinguisher Aim at the base of the fire. If you aim at the flames (which is frequently the temptation), the extinguishing agent will fly right through and do no good. You want to hit the fuel
© Consultnet Ltd Squeeze the top handle or lever This depresses a button that releases the pressurized extinguishing agent in the extinguisher Sweep from side to side until the fire is completely out. Start using the extinguisher from a safe distance away, then move forward. Once the fire is out, keep an eye on the area in case it re-ignites
© Consultnet Ltd Extinguishing Fires Take up a position where access to the fire is unrestricted Stand up-wind of the fire to avoid smoke and flames Stand up-hill of the fire to avoid dangerous run off Take a crouching position to keep clear of smoke and heat Identify your line of retreat before tackling the fire Test the extinguisher before moving into the immediate area of the fire If in any doubt about the type, treat as an electrical fire. If there is any chance of chemicals being in the fire, evacuate the area immediately, do not attempt to extinguish it yourself
© Consultnet Ltd Fire If a fire breaks out that is beyond your ability to handle with a fire extinguisher or other simple means, use the Emergency Procedure to summon help. Report all fires no matter how small Once used an extinguisher must be handed in for inspection
© Consultnet Ltd The Best Defence is Good Housekeeping Never tackle a fire unless you feel confident in doing so Never enter smoke to tackle a fire unless wearing breathing apparatus If you tackle a fire - Make sure you have a safe exit
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Fire Safety The “Fire Triangle” identifies the three components of any fire: –Fuel paper, wood, flammable gas, energized electrical equipment, etc...
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Fire Extinguisher Training Presented by: Safety and Risk Management Office Presented by: Safety and Risk Management Office.
Copyright © 2012 American Safety Management Inc. Fire Extinguishers.
FIRES NEED 3 THINGS TO START _____________________ _________________ (any material that will burn) _____________________ (sparks, matches, flames)
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By Carly Roberts th period. Pull the pin This will allow you to discharge the extinguisher.
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Using Fire Extinguishers Safely. What we will learn today We will talk about different types of fire extinguishers, how to use them safely, and in what.
FIRES NEED 3 THINGS TO START Oxygen (Air) Fuel (any material that will burn) Heat (sparks, matches, flames)
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