Presentation on theme: "Digital Citizenship Digital citizenship describes the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use. The template used in this."— Presentation transcript:
1 Digital CitizenshipDigital citizenship describes the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use.The template used in this page come from: Animation Factory. Templates. Open Source Technology Group. Animation Factory. Retrieved September 7, 2006. <http://www.animationfactory.com/brain/home.cgi>
2 Nine Elements of Digital Citizenship Digital AccessDigital CommerceDigital CommunicationDigital LiteracyDigital EtiquetteDigital LawDigital Rights and ResponsibilitiesDigital Health and wellnessDigital Security
3 3. Modeling and Demonstration Four-Stage Technology Learning Framework for Teaching Digital Citizenship1 .AwarenessDigital CitizenshipReflection4. Feedback and Analysis2. Guide Practice3. Modeling and Demonstration
5 Individual Responsibilities Technology PolicyIndividual ResponsibilitiesCommon courtesy and respect for rights of othersPrivacy of informationIntellectual propertyHarassmentResponsible use of resourcesGame playingInformation IntegrityUse of desktop systems
6 Access to Facilities and Information Technology PolicyAccess to Facilities and InformationSharing of AccessPermitting unauthorized accessUse of privileged accessAcademic dishonestyUse of copyrighted information and materialsUse of licensed softwarePolitical campaigning- commercial advertisingPersonal business
7 Control of Access to Information Technology PolicyControl of Access to InformationImposition of sanctionsSystem administrator accessMonitoring of usage, inspection of filesSuspension of individual privileges
9 Computer Ethics: Netiquette “Contraction of Internet etiquette, the etiquette guidelines for posting messages to online services, and particularly Internet newsgroups. Netiquette covers not only rules to maintain civility in discussions (i.e., avoiding flames), but also special guidelines unique to the electronic nature of forum messages. For example, netiquette advises users to use simple formats because complex formatting may not appear correctly for all readers.” (from:Common rules for such as avoiding flamewars and spam are constant across most mediums and communities. Another rule is to avoid typing in ALL CAPS, which is considered shouting or yelling.Netiquette
10 Computer Ethics: Copyright Copyright – the legal right granted to a creator of a work (authors, artists, composers and others) to the exclusive publication, production, sale or distribution of it.Intellectual Property –a product of the intellect, such as an expressed idea or concept, that has commercial value.Fair Use – Allows you to use a limited amount of copyrighted material for your educational use.Public Domain - The absence of copyright protection; belonging to the public so that anyone may copy or borrow from it. ( ) However, you should still give credit to the source.CopyrightCopyright from Cyberbee.com
11 Computer Ethics: Plagiarism Plagiarism is the use of another's original words or ideas as though they were your own.Examples of PlagiarismTurning in someone else's work as your ownCopying words or ideas from someone else without giving creditFailing to put a quotation in quotation marksGiving incorrect information about the source of a quotationChanging words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit• Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not
12 Computer Ethics: Why Students Plagiarize? There are many reasons why students plagiarize:– Deadlines come around more quickly than expected.– Sometimes assignments make them feel overwhelm.– Sometimes the boundaries of plagiarism and research just get confused.Intentional PlagiarismSearching vs. Researching– real skills: interpretation and analysis, process the information."But their words are better“– how they understand the assigned topic, andhow they develop their own style and voice.• Making the Grade– grades won't matter if they don't have the skills to show for them.• "Everyone else is doing it“– catch those students who do plagiarize.• Poor Planning– Scheduling stages of progress is effective.
13 Computer Ethics: Why Students Plagiarize? Unintentional PlagiarismCitation Confusion– ignorance of the proper forms of citation.• Plagiarism vs. Paraphrasing– exercises in class with paraphrased and plagiarizedpassages to discuss.• "I was just copying my notes“– Practice note-taking methods.• "I couldn't find the source“– Track references during note-taking.• "I thought we didn't have to quote facts“– Teach them "When in doubt, cite sources."• Confusion about expectations– the ambiguity of "analyze" and "discuss“, no reporting.
14 Computer Ethics: Plagiarism Types of Plagiarism• Sources Not Cited– Word-for-word– Portions of text– Copying from several different sources– Changing key words and phrases– Paraphrase most of the paper• Sources Cited (but still plagiarized)– Only mentions an author's name– Do not use quotation marks– The paper contains almost no original work
15 Plagiarism Prevention 1. Explain What "Plagiarism" Means2. Explain what's Wrong about Plagiarism3. Make the Consequences Clear4. Start off with Clear Expectations5. Assign Specific Questions or Topics6. Require Students to Submit Thesis Statements, Introductions, Outlines, or Drafts7. Have the Students Annotate their Bibliography8. Assign Oral Presentations9. Require Recent and Printed Sources10.Assign a Paragraph on the Composition Process11.Encourage Concision
17 Safe SurfingThe internet provides a powerful resource for learning, as well as an efficient means of communication. including the development of:independent learning and research skills, such as improved access to subject learning across a wide range of learning areas, as well as in integrated or cross-curricular studies; andcommunication and collaboration, such as the ability to use learning technologies to access resources, create resources and communicate with others.Teachers can adjust to the different learning styles and in the classroom.Common concerns about children's’ internet use:Access to inappropriate contentIdentity TheftBullying peersSexual PredatorsManipulation of photos and conversationsSocial Networking Sites such as FACEBOOK are inappropriate for people under 13 years old.
18 E-safety guidelines for elementary students We strongly recommend adult supervision when Elementary Student students use social online communication (chatting,).To keep safe, our students should:Keep personal information confidential. For example don't give out your name, age, address or phone numberCreate a nick name to use instead of your real name when a username is requiredOnly people you knowUse Internet chat rooms with caution and know how to block unwanted users. (previous parent’s authorization)Never arrange to meet anyone alone, if asked, always report it to a responsible adult.
19 E-safety guidelines for elementary students Cyber bullying occurs when students write harassing/flame s, post negative websites, and are mean/cruel in instant messaging/chat rooms.What to do if you are being Cyber Bullied:Not reply to bullying messagesBlock the bully. Learn how to block or report someone who is behaving badlySave the evidence. Learn how to keep records of offending messages, pictures or online conversationsReport cyber bullying. Make sure you tell to an adult you trust
20 E-safety guidelines for elementary students Always respect others. Remember you can’t see the impact your words or images have on the other person, so it is important to show respect to people and be careful with what you say/sendThink before you “send”. Whether photos or text, whatever you send or post online can be made public very quickly and could stay online foreverUse websites recommended by teachers and use a student friendly searchBe aware of who created a website and possible bias within information. Don't believe everything you read or see onlineCopyright and intellectual property rights must be respected
21 Keep your Students Safe Safe SurfingKeep your Students SafeATS Online ResourcesSearch EnginesOneKey.ComAsk for KidsActivity SearchFamily SourceYahooligans Web GuideKid's Search ToolsKidsClick Web SearchDib, Dab, Doo, and Dilly, Too
22 Find the suitable Information Search StrategiesUse Bookmarks and FavoritesNarrow your searching: noodletools.comPut it on context: answers.com/
24 Put Netiquette in your personal and professional practice… Posting MailIn the interests of privacy, it's considered extremely bad taste to post any that someone may have sent, unless they explicitly give you permission to redistribute it.SignaturesCopyright in an Electronic EnvironmentCite SourcesEasybib.comCitationMachine.netNoodleToolsThere's also a handy chart that outlines teachers' fair use rights and responsibilities.Adults need to be positive role models of good digital citizenship so students can follow their example.
26 Survey Findings:Facebook is a social network to be used by people older than 13.Facebook is used by 48% of Upper Elementary students.Approximately 3-4 students in every 3rd grade classroom has a Facebook account. It’s “cool” to be on Facebook.Some students aware of risks have asked Technology teachers for support to manage their Facebook account in a safe way.Some parents have decided their children are not allowed to have an /Facebook account.Cyber-harassment and cyber bullying
27 BibliographyRibble, Mike. Passport to Digital Citizenship. ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education), January, 2009.www.iste.orgThe Copyright information in this presentation comes from:– IParadigms, LLC. "Research Resources.“ Turnitin iParadigms. 18 Apr. 2008<http://www.turnitin.com/research_site /e_home.html>. – I-SAFE America Inc. Copyright Quick Reference. Carlsbad, CA: I-SAFE American, n.d.