Presentation on theme: "Plagiarism, Copyright and Fair Use How to Follow the Rules Mrs. Gudmundson 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Plagiarism, Copyright and Fair Use How to Follow the Rules Mrs. Gudmundson 2008
What is Plagiarism? 4 Using text word-for-word. –Copied from a book. –Copied from someone else’s work. –Pasted from the Internet. 4 Copying pictures, charts or diagrams.
How to avoid plagiarism 4 Put in quotations everything that comes directly from the text -- especially when taking notes. 4 Paraphrase, but be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing a few words. –Instead, read over what you want to paraphrase carefully. –Cover up the text with your hand, or close the text so you can’t see any of it (and so aren’t tempted to use the text as a “guide”). – Write out the idea in your own words without peeking. Check your paraphrase against the original text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or words, and that the information is accurate.
What if I cite my sources? 4 You can avoid plagiarism if you correctly cite sources: When you are using or referring to somebody else’s words or ideas from a magazine, book, newspaper, song, TV program, movie, Web page, computer program, letter, advertisement, or any other source. When you use information gained through interviewing another person. When you copy the exact words or a "unique phrase" from somewhere. When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts, and pictures.
Do I ever I NOT need to list a source? 4 You don’t need to list a source: When you are writing your own experiences, your own observations, your own insights, your own thoughts, your own conclusions about a subject. When you are using “common knowledge.” You find the same information in at least five other sources. You think it is information that your readers will already know. You think a person could easily find the information with general reference sources. When you are writing up your own experimental results.
Need more information? 4 Type “avoid plagiarism” into a search engine like Google. You will find lots of information and suggestions. 4 Pick up a copy of the Kingsland Style Guide in the Media Center or, Click on the online version of the Style Guide on the media center’s web page. Just click Kingsland Style Guide.Style Guide.
Copyright What do copyright laws do? –Protect intellectual property from misuse by others. –This means ideas and information in print or in electronic form are the property of the person who created them. –You must get permission to use copyrighted materials. –You may use copyrighted materials for school if you follow fair-use guidelines.
Two poems to make you think... I knew I’d get rich with my singing. I made records, but no sales are ringing. My fans download for free, Or they copy CD’s. No more records, I can’t fight the cheating! I worked all night to get it right, And created the most perfect graphic. But when I put it on my site, The next day eight other sites had it.
Fair Use for Students 4 Fair use is a provision of copyright law that allows you to use a limited amount of copyrighted materials for your school projects. 4 Fair use has some rules you need to follow. 4 Fair use ALWAYS assumes that you cite the source for any material you use.
How much material can I use? 4 Printed materials –You may put text in your project as long as you stick to the limits: 10% or up to 1000 words of a long work 250 words of a poem 2 pages from a children’s book 1 chart or picture –The material must belong to you or to the school for you to use it.
More Rules 4 Videos, DVD’s or clips from the Internet –You can use 10% or up to 3 minutes. 4 Music –Again, the limit is 10%. 4 Internet –Images can be downloaded for projects. Sound files and video may also be downloaded for use in multimedia projects. –Limits still apply and you have to cite sources.
Public Domain and Getting Permission 4 Some materials are in the Public Domain. That means anyone can use them. –Some older materials aren’t covered by copyright anymore. –Some owners put their materials in the public domain for anyone to use. 4 Some copyright holders give permission for others to use their work. –You can write or for permission.
To Use or Not To Use?
Who’s Going To Know? So you save some time and copy part of your paper. Who will ever know? 4 You will. 4 Your teacher probably will. If you are still unsure what you can or can’t include in a school project, check the website below: Fair Use Standards