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Entry Task

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4.1 Graphing Quadratic Functions Learning Target: I can Identify and graph quadratic equations.

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Graphs of Quadratic Functions Vertex Axis of symmetry x-intercepts Important features of graphs of parabolas Maximum Minimum

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Graphing Quadratics If you were asked to graph a quadratic, what information would you need to know to complete the problem? The vertex, because we need to know where the graph is located in the plane If the parabola points up or down, and whether it opens normal, narrow or wide Our graphs will be more “quick sketches” than exact graphs.

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Graph of f(x)=x 2 xf(x) 0 1 2 -2 0 1 1 4 4 Axis of symmetry is x = 0 Vertex at (0, 0) Points up, opens “normal” Notice the symmetry The “mother function”

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More with Vertex Form The vertex is (h, k). Changes in (h, k) will shift the quadratic around in the plane (left/right, up/down). The axis of symmetry is x = h Notice that you take the opposite of h from how it is written in the equation Example #1 Example #2 If a > 0, the graph points up If a < 0, the graph points down Example #3 Vertex is _____ Axis is _______ Points _______ Vertex is _____ Axis is _______ Points _______ Vertex is _____ Axis is _______ Points _______ Vertex is (0, 6) Axis is x = 0 Points up Vertex is (-3, -1) Axis is x = -3 Points up Vertex is (4, 0) Axis is x = 4 Points down

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Equations of Quadratic Functions Vertex FormStandard Form

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More about a a =1 a =1/5 a = 5 If a is close to 0, the graph opens _______________ If a is farther from 0, the graph opens ____________ If a > 0, the graph points________ If a < 0, the graph points ________ What happens to the graph as the value of a changes? If a is close to 0, the graph opens wider If a is farther from 0, the graph opens narrower If a > 0, the graph points up If a < 0, the graph points down When a = 1, the graph is “normal”

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Max and Min Problems What is the definition of the maximum or minimum point of a quadratic function? If a quadratic points down, the vertex is a maximum point The vertex of a quadratic function is either a maximum point or a minimum point max min If a quadratic points up, the vertex is a minimum point If you are asked to find a maximum or minimum value of a quadratic function, all you need to do is find its vertex

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Sketch each quadratic V = (0, 4) Points down Wide V = (-3, -1) Points up Narrow AOS: x = -3 Min: k =-1 D: all reals R: all reals > - 1 AOS: x = 0 Max: k = 4 D: all reals R: all reals < 4 Identify the vertex, axis of symmetry, the max or min value, and domain and range.

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Sketch each quadratic V = (0, 4) Points down Wide V = (-4, 2) Points up Normal V = (2, 1) Points down Normal V = (-3, -1) Points up Narrow

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Homework Homework – p. 199 #9-36 by 3’s Challenge - 56

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Summary: Be able to compare and contrast vertex and standard form Vertex FormStandard Form How do you find the Vertex? How do you find the Axis of Symmetry? How can you tell if the function: points up or down? points up or down? opens normal, wide or narrow?opens normal, wide or narrow? What info is needed to do a quick sketch or graph? How do you find the solutions? (x-intercepts, roots, zeroes, value of x when y = 0) Set = 0, get “squared stuff” alone, then use square root method Set = 0 and use method of choice (factor, formula or square root)

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More with Standard Form To find the x-value of the vertex, use the formula To find the y-value, plug in x and solve for y The axis of symmetry is Example #1 If a > 0, the graph points up If a < 0, the graph points down Vertex is _____ Axis is _______ Points _______ b = 4, a = -1Find x-value of vertex using formula Find y-value using substitution 2(2) Vertex is (2, 1) Axis is x = 2 Points down

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More examples Example #2 Vertex is _____ Axis is _______ Points _______ b = -1, a = 3Find x-value using formula Find y-value using substitution 1616 Vertex is (1/6, 59/12) Axis is x = 1/6 Points up 1616 1616 You try: Vertex is _____ Axis is _______ Points _______ Vertex is (3, 17) Axis is x = 3 Points down

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Finding x-intercepts of quadratic functions What are other words for x-intercepts? Name 4 methods of finding the x-intercepts of quadratic equations: All are the value of x when y = 0

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Example An object is thrown upward from the top of a 100 foot cliff. Its height in feet about the ground after t seconds given by the function f(t) = -16t 2 + 8t + 100. What was the maximum height of the object? How many seconds did it take for the object to reach its max height? How can we find the answer? What is the question asking for?

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Example What was the maximum height of the object? How many seconds did it take for the object to reach its maximum height? What is the definition of the maximum or minimum point of a quadratic function? The vertex of a quadratic function is either a maximum point or a minimum point

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Example Step 1: Visualize the problem f(t) = -16t 2 + 8t + 100. To find the max values, find the vertex The x-value of the vertex is the max time The y-value of the vertex is the max height Output: height Input: time It took about.25 seconds for the object to reach its max height f(t) = -16t 2 + 8t + 100.f(1/4) = -16(1/4) 2 + 8(1/4) + 100. f(1/4) = 101 The max height was 101 feet (1/4, 101) Step 2: Understand the equation

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