Presentation on theme: "Clinical terminology based on a Greek or Latin root word."— Presentation transcript:
1Clinical terminology based on a Greek or Latin root word. Common Regional NamesClinical terminology based on a Greek or Latin root word.
2Planes and SectionsA plane is an imaginary flat surface that passes through the body.A section is one of the 2 surfaces (pieces) that results when the body is cut by a plane passing through it.
3Sagittal Plane Sagittal plane Midsagittal plane Parasagittal plane divides the body or an organ into left and right sidesMidsagittal planeproduces equal halvesParasagittal planeproduces unequal halves
4Other Planes and Sections Frontal or coronal planedivides the body or an organ into front (anterior) and back (posterior) portionsTransverse(cross-sectional) or horizontal planedivides the body or an organ into upper (superior) or lower (inferior) portionsOblique planesome combination of 2 other planes
5Planes and Sections of the Brain (3-D anatomical relationships revealed) Horizontal PlaneFrontal PlaneMidsagittal Plane
7Superior or Inferior Superior Inferior towards the head The eyes are superior to the mouth.Inferioraway from the headThe stomach is inferior to the heart.
8Dorsal or Ventral Dorsal or Posterior Ventral or Anterior at the back of the bodyThe brain is posterior to the forehead.Ventral or Anteriorat the front of the bodyThe sternum is anterior to the heart.
9Medial or Lateral Medial Lateral nearer to the midline of the body The heart lies medial to the lungs.Lateralfarther from the midline of the bodyThe thumb is on the lateral side of the hand.
10Proximal or Distal Proximal nearer to the attachment of the limb to the trunkThe knee is proximal to the ankle.Distalfarther from the attachment of the limb to the trunkThe wrist is distal to the elbow.