Presentation on theme: "What do you think? To What Extent Were Americans Complicit in Hitler’s Plans?"— Presentation transcript:
What do you think? To What Extent Were Americans Complicit in Hitler’s Plans?
Anti-Semitism in America 1880-1935 Influx between 1880-1920 Immigration Quotas KKK-Anti-semitism Anger during Depression How does the cartoon from 1896 show a history of anti-semitism in the U.S.?
Immigration Laws 1924-2% of immigrants already here Meant to limit immigrants from Southern & Eastern Europe Great Depression further justified restrictive immigration laws In defiance of these laws, 200,000 Jewish refugees were permitted between 1933 and 1942.
1936 Olympics Hitler’s Agenda U.S. Olympic Committee Milton Green & Norman Cahners: boycott Jesse Owens- not credited by Hitler but neither celebrated by FDR either Notification of Mtg for a boycott
Evian Conference 1938 Objective: Discuss increasing numbers of Jewish Refugees Jews in Austria & Germany hopeful Outcome: France “saturated”; U.S.exceeded 30k quota; Dominican Republic only country willing to take a large number (100k); Australia, Britain, etc. limited Hitler’s Response: “I can only hope and expect that the other world, which has such deep sympathy for these criminals [Jews], will at least be generous enough to convert this sympathy into practical aid. We, on our part, are ready to put all these criminals at the disposal of these countries, for all I care, even on luxury ships.”
SS St Louis Departed Germany for Cuba May 1939 Docked in Havana Visas not accepted Negotiations w/U.S.failed Returned to Europe
Wagner-Rogers Bill Would have admitted 20,000 children under 14 Hearings: 1400 adoption offers; 42 patriotic societies opposed Failed by 90% American Jewish organiz. did not contest out of fear of anti-semitism
Roosevelt’s Denunciations Denounced deportations of Jews from Vichy France Oct 1942: Threatens Hitler w/ Prosecution for war Crimes 11 allies condemn Nazi “extermination” Of Jews Dec. 1942
Refugee Board Estab. 1944 Funded by FDR Administ., American Jewish Congress and Joint Congress of Jews Raoul Wallenberg-Swedish diplomat Headed by John Pehle (see letter about Auschwitz)
Bombing Auschwitz From the film: What happened at Auschwitz? Read the letter. What reasons were given for not bombing Auschwitz?