Presentation on theme: "Hitler’s Targets. History 12 Ms Leslie. 1920’s - Berlin = gay friendly Nazis believe gay men were weak, effeminate men who could not fight for the German."— Presentation transcript:
1920’s - Berlin = gay friendly Nazis believe gay men were weak, effeminate men who could not fight for the German nation. Gays diminish reproductive potential. 1933 - gay organizations banned, gay party members killed Gestapo makes lists Homosexuals
Lesbian’s not a threat Non-German gays not a threat, unless they had German partners. If you ‘conformed’ you would be safe Were all gays targeted?
1933 - SA breaks into the Institute for Sexual Science. Stole a list of thousands of gays. How did they know?
Believed Homosexuality is a disease to be cured through hard work. Sent to concentration camps - kept in separate area to not ‘contaminate’ the others Medical experimentation to find ‘cure’
Red - Communist Green - Habitual Criminal Blue - Foreigner Pink - sex offender Purple - Jehovah Witness Black - a-social Brown - Roma Yellow - Jew Uninverted red - POW Letters = Ethnicity Black outline = woman who fraternized outside of race.
1928 - 1.2 million gays in Germany 1933-45 - 100,000 arrested Of which 50,000 are sentenced, of which 5,000 -15,000 go to concentration camps Death rate in camps 60% - one of the highest The numbers
1933 - lifestyle made illegal Labeled to have alien blood and needed to create a definition They decided criminal behaviour is genetic The Roma
Center for Research on Racial Hygiene and Demographic Biology in the Ministry of Health conducts a study Interview a few and threaten them until they give up the names of relatives The study concludes the Roma, having originated in India, were once Aryan but had been corrupted by mingling with lesser peoples during their long migration. How were the Roma found?
The result of the study? Forced sterilization The most ‘pure’ Roma to be placed on a reservation to study.
In Berlin, Himmler established the Reich Central Office for the Suppression of the Gypsy Nuisance. 1936 - race laws for Roma - Nuremberg Laws, the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Progeny, and the Law against Dangerous Habitual Criminals
police ordered the arrest and forcible relocation of all Roma in Greater Berlin to Marzahn, open field located near a cemetery and sewage dump in eastern Berlin. Later, these camps evolved into forced-labor camps for Roma. 1936 Olympics and the Roma
One of the 25 points of Nazism states ‘Only those who are our fellow countrymen can become citizens. Only those who have German blood, regardless of creed, can be our countrymen. Hence no Jew can be a countryman’ Anti-Semtism
Why the Jews? No one really knows why Hitler hated them so much Many were very wealthy and so people were jealous of them
April 1933 - SA promotes boycott of Jewish businesses 1933 - banned from public office and professions like medicine, law and teaching 1935 - Banned from public places 1935 - Nuremberg Laws - strip citizenship, voting rights, marriage rights, take businesses, encouraged to emigrate.
French Jew assassinated a German diplomat in Paris The SS retaliates in Germany 814 shops looted, 191 synagogues burned, 36 Jews beaten to death Gets its name from broken glass Nov 9/10 1938 - Kristallnacht