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Transcendentalists Alone with Nature. What is Transcendentalism? Tenets (Beliefs) – Truth is in nature – Everyone can get it – Social knowledge different.

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Presentation on theme: "Transcendentalists Alone with Nature. What is Transcendentalism? Tenets (Beliefs) – Truth is in nature – Everyone can get it – Social knowledge different."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transcendentalists Alone with Nature

2 What is Transcendentalism? Tenets (Beliefs) – Truth is in nature – Everyone can get it – Social knowledge different than individual knowledge – Society can and will improve – Individual has effect on community – Non-conformity – Self-reliance Authors: – Emerson – Thoreau – Fuller

3 Historical Context 1830s-1860s – Mexican American War – Civil War Centered at Harvard University Inspired by German Philosopher Immanuel Kant Originally Transcendentalism used as a put-down. They like it so it stays as their title

4 Henry David Thoreau Upbringing: – Parents owned a little store – They worked as pencil makers Education – Harvard – Labeled as failure

5 Henry David Thoreau Activist and Intellectual – “We need to” – Wants change in individual – Tree hugger Significant works: – Resistance to Civil Government – Walden – Slavery in Massachusetts

6 Ralph Waldo Emerson Education – Mary Moody Emerson (aunt) in charge – Wanted to go to Harvard Anti-Slavery Self-Reliance – Man is disunited with self until one with nature – Nature is a symbol of your spirit Anti-Institutionalism – Change in individual will result in change of society

7 Margaret Fuller Education – Educated by father who was a lawyer at Cambridge – Would educate other women through “conversations” she published Journalism – She writes for “The Dial” a Transcendentalist newspaper – Writes about women’s rights “The Great Lawsuit: Men vs. Men and Women vs. Women” “Women in the Nineteenth Century” Death – Dies with her family in a shipwreck off of New York – Just returning from revolution in Italy


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