Presentation on theme: "Forecasting CPI Xiang Huang, Wenjie Huang, Teng Wang, Hong Wang Benjamin Wright, Naiwen Chang, Jake Stamper."— Presentation transcript:
Forecasting CPI Xiang Huang, Wenjie Huang, Teng Wang, Hong Wang Benjamin Wright, Naiwen Chang, Jake Stamper
Definition The consumer price index (CPI) measures the cost of a standard basket of goods and services commonly purchased by households. The index is published monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and is used to calculate the rate of inflation.
CPI index since 1983 Trace Histogram
Time Trend Forecast
Correlogram of CPI Evidence of an evolutionary series. Use first-differencing to pre-whiten and obtain a stationary series.
First-Difference of CPI Trace Histogram
C orrelogram of DCPI Add AR(1),AR(2),and MA(12)
Unit Root of DCPI Augmented Dickey- Fuller is sufficiently negative, rejecting the presence of a unit root.
ARIMA MODEL OF DCPI Tan theta=0.36/0.28= Theta= degree Cycle=360/52.125=6.9 years Cycle Calculation:
ARIMA MODEL OF DCPI Actual, Fitted and Residuals Graph Histogram of Residuals
Correlogram of Residuals Breusch-Godfrey Serial Correlation Test
Correlogram of Square Residuals Add ARCH(1)
Add ARCH(1) and GARCH(1) in ARIMA model Correlogram
Drop AR(2) Trace of the standardized residuals
Histogram of Standardized Squared Residuals Correlogram of Standardized Squared Residuals
Exponential Smoothing Forecast Sample: Included observations: 340 Method: Single Exponential Original Series: CPI Forecast Series: CPISM Parameters:Alpha Sum of Squared Residuals Root Mean Squared Error End of Period Levels:Mean
Attempt to Create Distributed Lag Model No Granger Causality for Relevant Variables GDP Unemployment Rate Capacity Utilization Industrial Production Manufacturing Production Commercial and Industrial Loans Consumer Loans Consumer Sentiment Money Supply (M2) Federal Funds Rate Without Granger Causality, no distributed lag model could be crated
Comparison of Different Models MethodForecast of CPI for April 2011 Time Trend Forecast ARIMA Model GARCH(1,1) MODEL Exponential Smoothing True value CPI in April 2011: Actual Value of CPI in April 2011:
Forecast for May 2011 CPI Monthly Inflation Rate (Annualized) Point Forecast % 95 Percent Confidence Interval to % to 8.03%