Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Mixed-methods data analysis Graduate Seminar in English Language Studies Suranaree, March 2011 Richard Watson Todd KMUTT

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Mixed-methods data analysis Graduate Seminar in English Language Studies Suranaree, March 2011 Richard Watson Todd KMUTT"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mixed-methods data analysis Graduate Seminar in English Language Studies Suranaree, March 2011 Richard Watson Todd KMUTT

2 Overview Pure quantitative research Pure qualitative research Mixed-methods research  Collecting both QUANT and QUAL data using different instruments Mixed-methods data analysis  Usually only QUAL data collected  Data is treated both quantitatively and qualitatively

3 Quantitative or qualitative? QUANT – QUAL distinction in applied linguistics research QUANT: data is numbers; uses statistics  Experimental research; surveys QUAL: data is words; uses thematic or narrative interpretation  Conversation analysis; ethnography

4 Mixed-methods research “A mixed methods study involves the collection or analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data in a single study with some attempts to integrate the two approaches at one or more stages of the research process” (Dörnyei, 2007) Purposes:  Achieve a fuller understanding  Triangulate findings

5 Examples of mixed-methods research Poor example  Research into attitudes: survey a large number and interview a predetermined small number of subjects  Purpose: unclear Similar, slightly better example  Research into attitudes: survey a large number of subjects, then, selecting based on questionnaire responses, interview a small number  Purpose: follow-up on interesting results

6 Examples of mixed-methods research An example of the opposite  Interview a small number to gain insights to design a questionnaire, then survey a large number  Purpose: informing instrument design Another similar example  Research into beliefs: interview 4 teachers but survey 80 students  Purpose: accounting for practicality in using instruments

7 Examples of mixed-methods research An example focusing on triangulation  Research into strategies: comparing results from different instruments  Much strategy research involves the use of SILL  SILL asks respondents to identify how often they use a particular strategy  Strategy use is context-dependent  Research question: Will recent context of learning change responses to SILL?

8 Examples of mixed-methods research Method  Single subject  Time 1: read academic articles  Time 2: read short stories for pleasure  Responded to SILL twice  Interviewed 4 times (background interview, after SILL responses, summary interview)

9 Examples of mixed-methods research SILL responses  Showed major differences between 2 times e.g. “If I guess the meaning of a word, later I will check whether my guess is correct by using a dictionary.” rated Always at Time 1; Never at Time 2 Interview responses  Showed that recent learning contexts influenced different ratings Triangulation to confirm results or triangulation to provide different perspectives

10 Mixed-methods data analysis “The most common perception of mixed methods research is that it is a modular process in which qualitative and quantitative components are carried out either concurrently or sequentially. Although this perception is by and large true, it also suggests that the analysis of the data should proceed independently for the QUANT and QUAL phases and mixing should occur only at the final interpretation stage. This conclusion is only partially true … we can also start integrating the data at the analysis stage, resulting in what can be called mixed methods data analysis”  Dörnyei (2007)

11 Mixed-methods data analysis (MMDA) From Dörnyei, MMDA means  Quantitising qualitative data  Qualitising quantitative data

12 Quantitising qualitative data Quantitising is often done unconsciously  Conducting a keyword analysis  Use of IELTS scores in research Quantitising helps a qualitative analysis by allowing a reliability check Quantitising can be used to count and compare frequency of themes Quantitising allows further statistical analysis of data, but information is always lost when converting QUAL to QUANT

13 Qualitising quantitative data Not common Narrative profile formation  Using quantitatively obtained questionnaire data in a qualitative description of a subject

14 More complex MMDA Nature of QUANT data  Concise  Allows further analysis (inferential statistics)  Provides summary information Nature of QUAL data  Detailed and informative  Allows insight into cases  Provides in-depth information

15 More complex MMDA What purposes can mixing QUANT and QUAL data analysis serve?  Illustration for insight  Concise summary to give overview  Preliminary overview to inform analysis  Providing a more well-rounded and more persuasive analysis

16 MMDA: Illustration for insight In many QUANT studies, it is easy to get lost in the numbers and forget what they mean If the numbers are derived from QUAL data, it is useful to give a QUAL example to concretise the QUANT findings In Case 1, the original data is QUAL; this is quantitised for analysis; a QUAL example is given to concretise the data and to show how the quantitative analyses was applied

17 MMDA: Summarising for an overview In some QUAL research (primarily involving categorisation or thematisation), the lengthy, detailed data make it difficult to see the overall pattern It can be useful to provide a QUANT summary as an overview In Case 2, the data is QUAL and analysed in a QUAL way, but the overall pattern of results is presented as QUANT

18 MMDA: Preliminary overview to inform analysis In QUAL studies with large amounts of data, it is difficult for the researcher to ensure that all relevant issues have been identified It is also difficult to see underlying patterns that can be drowned in the sheer quantity of data It is useful to conduct a preliminary QUANT analysis to ensure all issues and underlying patterns are identified In Case 3, QUAL data is treated qualitatively to find keywords which then inform a QUAL thematic analysis

19 MMDA: Providing a more well-rounded and more persuasive analysis In QUAL studies with large amounts of data, restricting analysis to either QUANT or QUAL cannot provide a full picture of the data QUAL provides detailed description of the data QUANT provides generalisations of patterns to the whole data set In Case 4, QUAL and QUANT analyses are used together to produce a fuller description of the data

20 Uses of MMDA Use Illustration for insight Summarise for overview Inform analysis Provide full picture Pattern QUANT → QUAL QUAL → QUANT QUANT → QUAL Mix of QUANT and QUAL


Download ppt "Mixed-methods data analysis Graduate Seminar in English Language Studies Suranaree, March 2011 Richard Watson Todd KMUTT"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google