4 Architectural Program Written definition of the required goals and functions of the project.Includes design criteria and constraints.Architectural programming includes the research and decision-making process that identifies the scope of work to be designed. The architectural program is the responsibility of the owner; however, because owners often do not have the expertise to develop a program they often employ architects or other programming specialists to provide guidance. Many architects provide programming as an additional service to their clients.
5 Site Information Include a site analysis Legal Description Site DiscoverySite location mapSite visit documentation
6 Commercial Building Project Portfolio Civil Engineering and Architecture®Unit 4 – Lesson 4.2 – Commercial Building Design PresentationCode RequirementsType of ConstructionOccupancy classificationZoningADAEgressParkingLandscapingEtc.Codes must be researched and requirements included in the project portfolio.
7 Viability AnalysisEvaluation of the potential for success of the project.Is the project legally permissible?Is the project physically possible?Is the project financially feasible?Is the project a good choice for the community?
9 Commercial Building Project Portfolio Civil Engineering and Architecture®Unit 4 – Lesson 4.2 – Commercial Building Design PresentationProject Management
10 Commercial Building Project Portfolio Civil Engineering and Architecture®Unit 4 – Lesson 4.2 – Commercial Building Design PresentationConceptual DesignPhase 1 includes conceptual drawings to show the general building and site layouts and building materials planned for the project. A rendering, site plan, floor plans, elevations, and a typical wall section should be included.
11 Engineering Calculations Commercial Building Project PortfolioCivil Engineering and Architecture®Unit 4 – Lesson 4.2 – Commercial Building Design PresentationEngineering CalculationsAll calculations that you perform in during the design of the project should be included in the Project Portfolio. These should include but are not limited to calculations related to:Structural designWater supply pressureWastewater dischargeHeat loss/gainStorm water runoff
12 Construction Drawings Show the location of all of the design features in a design projectInclude plan views, elevation views, sections, details, and schedules.
13 Plan ViewAn orthographic projection of the building or site on a horizontal plan.Orthographic projection is a projection of the features of an object onto an imaginary plane of projection. The projection of the features of the object is made by lines of sight that are perpendicular to the plane of projection.LANDSCAPE PLANELECTRICAL PLAN
14 Plan ViewAn view from above of the relationships between rooms, spaces and other physical features.Site PlanLandscaping PlanFloor PlanReflected Ceiling PlanRoof PlanElectrical PlanPlumbing PlanFraming PlanFoundation PlanLANDSCAPE PLANELECTRICAL PLAN
15 Commercial Building Project Portfolio Civil Engineering and Architecture®Unit 4 – Lesson 4.2 – Commercial Building Design PresentationPlan ViewsSite PlanLandscaping PlanFloor PlanReflected Ceiling PlanRoof PlanElectrical PlanPlumbing PlanFraming PlanFoundation PlanMany plan views will be required for a complete set of construction drawings.
16 Commercial Building Project Portfolio Civil Engineering and Architecture®Unit 4 – Lesson 4.2 – Commercial Building Design PresentationFloor PlanA representation of a building as seen from above at an imaginary horizontal plane approximately four feet above the floor.FLOOR PLAN
17 Elevation ViewsA group of drawings that show the exterior of a buildingAn orthographic drawingShows one side of a buildingExterior shapes and finishesVertical relationships of the building levels
18 Sections and DetailsSection: A type of drawing depicting an object as if it had been cut through to show the interior constructionDetail: An enlargement of a specific area of a structure that is drawn where several components intersect or where small members are requiredPossible image
19 RenderingsPurpose: To add an element of realism with the use of shades, shadows, and textures that would not otherwise be presentMaterials Used: Pencil, ink, water colors, marker, tempera, colored pencil, appliqué / overlay, and air brushTypes: Exterior and interior perspective, elevations, plot plan, floor plan, and sections
20 SpecificationsPurpose: Provides the necessary written information to describe the materials, methods, and fixtures used in the design project
21 3D ModelsPurpose: To represent the final design in a physical form that is as realistic as possible, computer-generated or fabricatedAdvantage: Can be moved around and viewed from any angle; show interior and exterior details; the addition of scaled objects (people, furniture, vehicles) gives visual clues as to the actual size
22 Image ResourcesMicrosoft, Inc. (n.d.). Clip art. Retrieved September 30, 2009, fromNovus Architects. Stuart Engals II Project Drawings. Mount Pleasant, SC