3lingu Meaning- tongue Examples: Bilingual Linguist Lingua franca LinguinilanguageBilingual- able to speak and understand two languagesLinguist- a person who speaks several languagesLingua franca- a language that is used among people who speak various different languagesLinguini- a type of pasta that is long, thin, and flatLanguage- the system of words or signs that people use to express thoughts and feelings to each other
4mot Meaning- move Examples: Motor Motivation Demote Emotion Motion PromoteMotileCommotionMotor- a machine that produces motion or power for doing workMotivation- the act or process of giving someone a reason for doing something : the act or process of motivating someoneDemote- to change the rank or position of (someone) to a lower or less important oneEmotion- the affective aspect of consciousness; a state of feelingMotion- an act or process of movingPromote- to change the rank or position of (someone) to a higher or more important oneMotile- exhibiting or capable of movementCommotion - a condition of civil unrest or insurrection
5nav Meaning- ship Examples: Navy Naval Navigate Circumnavigate UnnavigableNavy- the part of a country's military forces that fights at sea using ships, submarines, airplanes, etc.Naval- of or relating to ships or shipping; of or relating to a country’s navyNavigate- to find the way to get to a place when you are traveling in a ship, airplane, car, etc.Circumnavigate- to travel all the way around (something) in a ship, airplane, etc.Unnavigable- not deep and wide enough for boats and ships to travel on or through; not capable of being navigated
6und Meaning- wave Examples: Inundate Undulate Undulatory Undulation Inundate- to cause (someone or something) to receive or take in a large amount of things at the same time; to cover (something) with a flood of waterUndulate- having a wavy surface, edge, or markings <the undulatemargin of a leaf>Undulatory- moving in or resembling wavesUndulation- a rising and falling in waves
7flect Meaning- bend Examples: Reflect Inflection Genuflect Deflect ReflectionReflect- to move in one direction, hit a surface, and then quickly move in a different and usually opposite direction; to show the image of (something) on a surfaceInflection- a rise or fall in the sound of a person's voice : a change in the pitch or tone of a person's voiceGenuflect- to kneel on one knee and then rise again as an act of respect; to obey someone with power in a way that is seen as weakDeflect- to cause (something that is moving) to change directionReflection - an image that is seen in a mirror or on a shiny surface
8coron Meaning- crown Examples: Corona Coronation Coronary Coroner Corona- a bright circle seen around the sun or the moonCoronation- a ceremony in which a crown is placed on the head of a new king or queenCoronary- of or relating to the heart and especially to the vessels that supply blood to the heartCoroner - a public official whose job is to find out the cause of death when people die in ways that are violent, sudden, etc.
9aur Meaning- gold Examples: Aura Auriferous Aurora Auric Aura- a special quality or feeling that seems to come from a person, place, or thingAuriferous- containing goldAurora- dawn; a luminous phenomenon that consists of streamers or arches of light appearing in the upper atmosphere of a planet's magnetic polar regions and is caused by the emission of light from atoms excited by electrons accelerated along the planet's magnetic field linesAuric -of, relating to, or derived from gold
10liter Meaning- letter Examples: Literature Illiterate Preliterate LiteratiLiterature- written works (such as poems, plays, and novels) that are considered to be very good and to have lasting importanceIlliterate- not knowing how to read or writePreliterate- not yet employing writing as a cultural medium; lacking the use of writingLiterati - the educated class; persons interested in literature or the arts
11rat Meaning- think Examples: Rational Ratio Irrational Ratiocinate RationalizeIrateRational- based on facts or reason and not on emotions or feelings; having the ability to reason or think about things clearlyRatio- the relationship that exists between the size, number, or amount of two things and that is often represented by two numbersIrrational-not thinking clearly : not able to use reason or good judgmentRatiocinate- reasonRationalize- to think about or describe something (such as bad behavior) in a way that explains it and makes it seem proper, more attractive, etc.Irate - arising from anger
12sis Meaning- conditional Examples: Arteriosclerosis Osmosis Mitosis MeiosisCatharsisSymbiosisArteriosclerosis- a disease in which the walls of arteries become thick and hard so that it is difficult for blood to flow through themOsmosis- the process that causes a liquid (especially water) to pass through the wall of a living cell; an ability to learn and understand things gradually without much effortMitosis- a process that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing cell, involves typically a series of steps consisting of prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase, and results in the formation of two new nuclei each having the same number of chromosomes as the parent nucleusMeiosis- the presentation of a thing with underemphasis especially in order to achieve a greater effect : understatement; the cellular process that results in the number of chromosomes in gamete-producing cells being reduced to one half and that involves a reduction division in which one of each pair of homologous chromosomes passes to each daughter cell and a mitotic divisionCatharsis- the act or process of releasing a strong emotion (such as pity or fear) especially by expressing it in an art formSymbiosis - the relationship between two different kinds of living things that live together and depend on each other; a relationship between two people or groups that work with and depend on each other
13par Meaning- equal Examples: Parity Disparity Par Compare Incomparable DisparateParity- the quality or state of being equal or equivalentDisparity- different from each otherPar- common level : equality —usually used with on <judged the recording to be on a par with previous ones>Compare- to say that (something) is similar to something elseIncomparable- better than any other : having no equalDisparate - different from each other
14mens Meaning- measure Examples: Commensurate Immense Incommensurable DimensionCommensurate- equal or similar to something in size, amount, or degreeImmense- very great in size or amountIncommensurable- not commensurable; broadly : lacking a basis of comparison in respect to a quality normally subject to comparisonMensurable- capable of being measured : measurableDimension - the length, width, height, or depth of something : a measurement in one direction (such as the distance from the ceiling to the floor in a room)
16Lesson 17 Bmony- condition quin- five socio- society ovi- egg phasia- speech pter- wing phen- apperancehist- tissue glott- tongue phan- appearance per- near or around pot- drink via- road
17mony Meaning- condition Examples: Acrimony Harmony Matrimony Ceremony SimonyParsimonyAcrimony- angry and bitter feelingsHarmony- the combination of different musical notes played or sung at the same time to produce a pleasing sound; a pleasing combination or arrangement of different thingsMatrimony-the joining together of a man and woman as husband and wifeCeremony- a formal act or event that is a part of a social or religious occasionSimony- the buying or selling of a church office or ecclesiastical prefermentParsimony- the quality of being careful with money or resources : thrift
18quin Meaning- five Examples: Quintet Quintillion Quintuplet Quintuple QuintessenceQuindecagonQuintet- a group of five singers or musicians who perform togetherQuintillion- a number equal to 1 followed by 18 zerosQuintuplet- one of five babies that are born at the same time to the same motherQuintuple- five times bigger in size or amount; having five parts or including five people or thingsQuintessence- the essence of a thing in its purest and most concentrated form; the fifth and highest element in ancient and medieval philosophy that permeates all nature and is the substance composing the celestial bodiesQuindecagon – a polygon having 15 angles and 15 sides.
19socio Meaning- society Examples: Sociology Sociable Socialism SociopathDissociateSociology- the study of society, social institutions, and social relationshipsSociable- liking to be with and talk to other peopleSocialism- a way of organizing a society in which major industries are owned and controlled by the government rather than by individual people and companiesSociopath- someone who behaves in a dangerous or violent way towards other people and does not feel guilty about such behaviorDissociate - to end your relationship with or connection to someone or something : to separate (yourself) from someone or something
20ovi Meaning- egg Examples: Oviducts Oviparous Ovipositors OvoviviparousOvisacOviformOvaryOvalOviducts- a tube through which eggs pass from the ovary of a female animalOviparous- producing eggs that develop and hatch outside the maternal body; also : involving the production of such eggsOvipositors- a specialized organ (as of an insect) for depositing eggsOvoviviparous- producing eggs that develop within the maternal body (as of various fishes or reptiles) and hatch within or immediately after release from the parentOvisac- graafian follicle (a mature follicle in a mammalian ovary that contains a liquid-filled cavity and that ruptures during ovulation to release an egg—called also vesicular ovarian follicle)Oviform-shaped like an eggOvary- one of the typically paired essential female reproductive organs that produce eggs and in vertebrates female sex hormones, that occur in the adult human as oval flattened bodies about one and a half inches (four centimeters) long suspended from the dorsal surface of the broad ligament of either side, that arise from the mesonephros, and that consist of a vascular fibrous stroma enclosing developing egg cellsOval -
21phasia Meaning- speech Examples: Aphasis Dysphasia Apophasis Aphasis - Partial or total loss of the ability to articulate ideas or comprehend spoken or written language, resulting from damage to the brain caused by injury or disease.Dysphasia- Impairment of speech and verbal comprehension, especially when associated with brain injury.Apophasis - Allusion to something by denying that it will be mentioned, as in I will not bring up my opponent's questionable financial dealings.
22pter Meaning- wing Examples: Pterodactyl Helicopter Pterosaur ArchaeopteryxChiropteranPterodactyl- a large flying animal that lived long ago when dinosaurs were aliveHelicopter- an aircraft that can stay in the air without moving forward and that has metal blades that turn around on its topPterosaur- any of an order (Pterosauria) of extinct flying reptiles existing from the Late Triassic throughout the Jurassic and most of the Cretaceous and having a featherless wing membrane extending from the side of the body along the arm to the end of the greatly elongated fourth digitArchaeopteryx- a primitive crow-sized bird (genus Archaeopteryx) of the Upper Jurassic period of Europe having reptilian characteristics (as teeth and a long bony tail)Chiropteran - bat
23phen Meaning- appearance Examples: Phenomenon Phenotype Phosphenes FancyFantasyPhenomenon-something (such as an interesting fact or event) that can be observed and studied and that typically is unusual or difficult to understand or explain fully; someone or something that is very impressive or popular especially because of an unusual ability or qualityPhenotype- the observable properties of an organism that are produced by the interaction of the genotype and the environmentPhosphenes- a luminous impression due to excitation of the retinaFancy- to take pleasure in (something)Fantasy- the act of imagining something
24hist Meaning- tissue Examples: Histopathology Histolysis Histology HistogenesisHistopathology- a branch of pathology concerned with the tissue changes characteristic of diseaseHistolysis- the breakdown of bodily tissuesHistology- a branch of anatomy that deals with the minute structure of animal and plant tissues as discernible with the microscopeHistogenesis - the formation and differentiation of tissues
25glott Meaning- tongue Examples: Epiglottis Polyglot Glossolalia GlottalMonoglotGlossectomyEpiglottis- a thin plate of flexible cartilage in front of the glottis that folds back over and protects the glottis during swallowingPolyglot- a book containing versions of the same text in several languagesGlossolalia- tongueGlottal- of, relating to, or produced in or by the glottisMonoglot- using or expressed in only one languageGlossectomy - surgical removal of all or part of the tongue
26Phan Meaning- appearance Examples: Phantom Epiphany Diaphanous SycophantCellophaneTheophanyPhantom- the soul of a dead person thought of as living in an unseen world or as appearing to living peopleEpiphany- a moment in which you suddenly see or understand something in a new or very clear wayDiaphanous- used to describe cloth that is very thin and lightSycophant- a person who praises powerful people in order to get their approvalCellophane- a thin transparent material that is used for wrapping thingsTheophany - a visible manifestation of a deity (deity- god or goddess)
27Meaning- near or around periMeaning- near or aroundExamples:PerimeterPerihelionPerigeePeripheryPeriodicalPerimeter-the outside edge of an area or surfacePerihelion- the point in the path of a celestial body (as a planet) that is nearest to the sunPerigee- the point in outer space where an object traveling around the Earth (such as a satellite or the moon) is closest to the EarthPeriphery- the outside edge of an area; the area that surrounds a place or thingPeriodical - published with a fixed interval between the issues or numbers
28pot Meaning- drink Examples: Potable Potion Potation Potatory Compote SymposiumPotable- suitable for drinkingPotion- a drink that is meant to have a special or magical effect on someonePotation- a usually alcoholic drink or brewPotatory- Of, relating to, or given to drinking.Compote- a dessert made of fruits cooked with sugarSymposium - a formal meeting at which experts discuss a particular topic
29via Meaning- road Examples: Via Viaduct Trivia Via avion Obviate ObviousVia mediaVia- by going through (a particular place); by way of (a particular place)Viaduct- a long, high bridge that carries a road or railroad over something (such as a valley)Trivia- unimportant facts or detailsVia avion- avion is the French word for airplaneObviate- to make (something) no longer necessary; to prevent or avoid (something)Obvious- easy to see or noticeVia media- a middle way or compromise between extremes.