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© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Enterprise Modeling Exchange 2008 September 26, 2008 Rob Creekmore Marie Muscella Derik Perry Craig Petrun CEM IR&D Key Success Indicators of Integrated Project Teams in Civil Agencies
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Agenda Research Background, Problem, Objective Research Process - Phases: 1.Literature Search 2.Interviews 3.IPT KSI Model and Start-up Guide Development KSI Model and Start-up Guide Future Plans and Overall Impact of Research 2
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Background –Integrated : Cross-functional input and analysis –Project: During key phases of (or throughout) project lifecycle –Team: Team-based decisions IPTs became popular in the commercial sector in the ’80s along with concurrent engineering approaches Usage in DoD culminated in promulgation of IPPD acquisitions policy in 1995 Increasingly used in civil agencies with prime acquisition approaches Frequent Reliance on IPTs yet LITTLE guidance reflecting Civilian Agency needs 3
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Problem How to form IPTs How to sustain IPTs How to assess IPT risk/progress 4
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Overall Objective Determine Key Success Indicators (KSIs) of IPTs and how they can be applied to create successful IPTs in the future with a measurable positive impact on modernization efforts. Where do IPT sponsors and IPT members need to focus their attention in setting up and then sustaining an IPT? in setting up and then sustaining an IPT? 5
6 © 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Why an IPT KSI Model? A vital additional tool not currently included in typical measures of project success A diagnostic of the IPT at a given point in time Helps IPT sponsors, managers and team members assess risk during start up and throughout lifecycle Sponsors, managers, and IPT members can quickly focus on specific corrections that require attention based on multiple possible success factors
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Research Process Three Phases to Research: 1.Literature Review of commercial/DoD/OB IPT KSIs Selected and reviewed articles (Commercial, DoD, and Organizational Behavior) Coded articles by KSI themes Consolidated themes 2.Data Collection Conducted interviews with IPT participants Coded interviews to themes Administered survey to 33 participants 3.Development of IPT KSI Model & Start Up Guide Analyzed data and validated with sample interviewees Prepared Model and Guide 7
8 © 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Literature Review/Extracted Themes 40 Themes 40 Themes 13 Thematic Areas 13 Thematic Areas 84 Articles
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Data Collection Conducted 58 interviews (60 individuals) across 19 IPTs Representation from 4 agencies: IRS, VA, US-VISIT, FINCEN Administered 33 surveys to test potential format of model 9
10 © 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Planning/Establishing the IPT Sustaining the IPT Internal IPT Dynamics OrganizationalEnvironment Time/Urgency Authority/Leadership Direction/Purpose/Scope Process IPT Membership Time/Urgency Authority/Leadership Direction/Purpose/Scope Process IPT Membership Data gathering covered five key success areas within four quadrants: Time/Urgency Authority/Leadership Direction/Purpose/Scope Process IPT Membership Time/Urgency Authority/Leadership Direction/Purpose/Scope Process IPT Membership Interview Coverage
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Interview/Survey Analysis Using NVivo8, identified/coded the following: –The Five KSI Thematic Areas: vTime Usage vAuthority & Leadership vDirection, Purpose, & Scope vProcess vMembership –Best Practices –Worst Practices Conducted regression analysis on survey data 11
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. 12 IPT Effectiveness Survey 30 items on IPT survey –13 items focused on IPT Start Up (Items 1-13) –17 items focused on IPT Sustainment (Items 14-30) Survey completed by 33 respondents Survey Analysis –Question 19 served as an indicator of IPT success: “The IPT (achieved its goals) produced its agreed-upon deliverables on time, within budget and scope.” –Conducted statistical analysis to identify which items most strongly related to Question 19 –Sustainment items generally had stronger correlations with Question 19 than Start Up items
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. 13 Survey Findings: Start Up Phase Start Up items that had the strongest relationship to Question 19 were: Survey #R^2Items 9.254The IPT leader had the characteristics (professional and personal) to effectively lead the team The IPT members selected for this team had the right task experience/skills/knowledge The IPT leader demonstrated commitment to the IPT’s success by acknowledging this commitment either privately or publicly The IPT members were able to impact the setting of team sub goals/measures that allowed them to create a shared vision for how to implement them The IPT members selected for this team had the right interpersonal skills to work in a team environment (i.e., willing to sharing information; willing to collaborate) The timelines and goals set for the IPT were achievable given the resources and members assigned.
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. 14 Survey Findings: Sustainment Phase Sustainment items that had the strongest relationship to Question 19 were: Survey #R^2Items The team leader coordinated our collective actions The team leader effectively managed the impact of the external environment (e.g., spanning organizational boundaries, monitored / informed us of events that impacted the team, removed roadblocks, suggested solutions) The team leader was actively engaged with the team (e.g., including team members in the decision making process, demonstrating fairness, respect, consideration) The team members had a sense of loyalty/trust with one another The team members felt that the outputs of the team made a positive impact on our organization (i.e., accomplished its objectives, performed tasks that mattered to our organization) The amount/style of communication, including knowledge sharing, was effective Our IPT leader maintained commitment to the IPT’s successes and it was clear that the IPT was his/her main priority.
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. 15 Survey Findings: Regression Model 75% of the variance in IPT success can be explained by Q23, Q26, and Q10 –Q23: The team leader coordinated our collective actions –Q26: The team leader effectively managed the impact of the external environment (e.g., spanning organizational boundaries, monitored / informed us of events that impacted the team, removed roadblocks, suggested solutions) –Q10: The IPT members selected for this team had the right task experience/skills/knowledge
16 © 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. A dashboard that will indicate whether or not key success factors of an IPT are sufficiently present A dashboard that will indicate whether or not key success factors of an IPT are sufficiently present Produced from a survey of IPT members Produced from a survey of IPT members Assesses 5 categories of Key Success Indicators across 3 levels of risk Assesses 5 categories of Key Success Indicators across 3 levels of risk Two versions: Two versions: Start-Up Phase Start-Up Phase Sustainment Phase Sustainment Phase What does the IPT KSI Model Look Like?
17 © 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Survey to Risk Dashboard The Survey will be used to construct an IPT Risk Profile using a standard dashboard format:
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. IPT Start-up Guide Used in conjunction with the KSI Model Based on best practices identified in literature review (commercial and DoD practice and organizational behavior literature) and interviews Covers both internal IPT structures and practices and the external programmatic and organizational structures 18
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Impacts Fills huge deficit in understanding a critical factor in our sponsor’s modernization efforts: reliance on IPTs to effectively bring together key stakeholders. Important component in fulfilling IRS’s “Integrator” Role (and that of Government in general) Skillful use of IPTs can potentially avoid the miscommunications, misunderstandings, and lack of coordination that can plague IT modernization projects. Could be incorporated into essential government practices: –ELC guidance –SES leadership and project management training 19
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Future Plans Submitted follow-up MIP/IR&D proposal to test the KSI Model with new IPTs – not funded Exploring other funding possibilities Publicize/socialize the IPT KSI Model –Within MITRE as standard systems engineering practice –As basis for potential work with MITRE customers (including DoD and FAA) –Publication and Conference Presentations –Through partnership with other organizations, e.g., SEI, PMI, IEEE, academic institutions with similar interests 20
© 2008 The MITRE Corporation. All rights Reserved. Further Information SharePoint Site: emgmt/iptresearch/default.aspx –Articles –Theme compilation –Interview protocol/survey –Interview results (restricted) –Model Development –IPT Start-up Guide 21
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