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Public Opinion Media Political Participation Political Parties & Elections Interest Groups
The collected attitudes of citizens on a given issue
What is public opinion?
The process whereby one becomes aware of politics, learns political facts and forms political values
What is political socialization?
An agent of early political socialization
What is family or school?
3 factors that lead to more accurate political polls
What are randomness of the sample, size of the sample and variation in the population?
3 groups that people are a part of that impact peoples political values
What are race, gender, religion, education and region?
The means employed in mass communication
What is mass media?
The two types of mass media
What are print and broadcast?
_________ occurs when a magazine informs a relatively small number of leaders about an issue and those leaders put pressure on public officials
What is the two-step flow of communication?
The belief that TV is to blame for people knowing little about the news
What is the television hypothesis?
Media executives, news editors and prominent reporters who direct the flow of news
What are gatekeepers?
Actions of private citizens by which they seek to influence or support government and politics
What is political participation?
Relatively uncommon political behavior that challenges or defies established institutions and dominant norms
What is unconventional participation?
Behavior that seeks to modify or reverse government policy to serve political interest
What is influencing behavior?
The last expansion of suffrage in the U.S. involved
What is age?
Where does the Constitution discuss political parties?
What is nowhere?
Elections that mark a sharp change in the existing patterns of party loyalty
What is a critical election?
An organization that sponsors candidates for political office under the organization’s name
What is a political party?
A body of electors chosen by voters to cast ballots for president or vice president
What is the electoral college?
Every 2 years _____ of the Senate’s seats are filled
What is one-third?
An organized group of individuals that seeks to influence public policy
What is an interest group?
Influencing public policy is their primary goal
What is an interest group?
A strategy that relies on a group representative’s direct personal contact with policymakers
What is lobbying?
An organized effort to gain public backing by bringing a group’s view to public attention
What is an information campaign?
Lobbying organization built around policy concerns unrelated to members’ vocational interests
What is a citizen group?
Public Opinion Unit 2. Inconsistencies Unpopular government actions Popular rule vs. popular policies How to gauge what the public interests are Political.
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