Presentation on theme: "Образовательный центр «Нива» The toy craft of Sergiev Posad."— Presentation transcript:
Образовательный центр «Нива» The toy craft of Sergiev Posad
Образовательный центр «Нива» and Sergiev Posad is our native city and its interesting to know some facts from its history. So, we tried to explore the historical hereditary of the place where we live. We think people should know the history of their country and remember the words of Pavel Florensky: « Do not forget your relationship, your past, learn your great parents and your great – great parents… Otherwise your life will be boring». At our English lessons we spoke and read a lot of folk crafts of Sergiev Posad and got interested in the history of Sergiev Posad very much. We are proud of our city and know much of its great past.
Образовательный центр «Нива» General Toptygin Troika
Traditional matryoshka from Sergiev Posad Sergiev Posad was the place where the first nesting dolls was made. Traditionally matryoshkas are nested dolls. The first doll in the nest was a girl dressed in a sarafan and wearing a kerchief. She was called matryoshka from the Russian name Matryona. Each this doll has an apron and a kerchief of not coinciding colours. Put in a row, the dolls are all many coloured and different. The big matryoshka is from 9 cm. of height, the smallest one is about 1 cm.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Matryoshka Rowan This is a beautiful wooden handpainted matryoshka-doll. Outside doll is holding the branch of the rowan-tree. It is a Sergiev Posad matryoshka-doll. In Sergiev Posad, which is a forest region, people have always liked to paint matryoshka-doll with berries or baskets full of bright berries. Wearing a sprig of the Rowan also protected against charms. The tallest doll is 12 cm, the shortest one is 2 cm. This is a beautiful wooden handpainted matryoshka-doll. Outside doll is holding the branch of the rowan-tree. It is a Sergiev Posad matryoshka-doll. In Sergiev Posad, which is a forest region, people have always liked to paint matryoshka-doll with berries or baskets full of bright berries. Wearing a sprig of the Rowan also protected against charms. The tallest doll is 12 cm, the shortest one is 2 cm.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Traditional matryoshka from Sergiev Posad It was a long-established tradition in Russian toy-making trade to manufacture hollow wooden dolls, one inserted into the other. It is irrelevant whether the Russian toy makers had a previous knowledge of the similar Japanese dolls or not when they developed the concept of the matryoshka doll. The actual design of the doll is not so significant as the artistic concept of insert-ing dolls into one another which is intrinsically organic to the Russian mentality. Put in a row, the dolls are all many coloured and different. The big matryoshka is from 13 cm., the smallest one is about 2 cm.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Uncommon Matryoshka Mummy This toy is unusual. Several dolls have “hairy”. The idea is that matryoshka dolls represent the motherhood. This set includes a grandma. A grandson, a granddaughter, a dog and a cat. The tallest doll is 12 cm., the shortest one is 2 cm.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Matryoshka Whistle It is a wooden whistle of traditional shape. It develops children’s lungs, breath rhythm, ear for music, hand- painted.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Matryoshka Burnished The big matryoshka is 10-15 cm, the smallest one is about 2 cm. Playing with the matryoshka is first, an acquaintance with sequence and notions ‘less’ and ‘more’, secondly, counting from 1 to 5, thirdly, a material for development of children’s tactile sense and fine motor skills, fourthly, an article for a game with a plot. This wooden doll decorates any place it appears and keeps the warmth of the hands of the craftsman.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Nesting doll of Sergiev Posad Angel Religious motifs in Russian matryoshka paintings are connected with the fact that this sort is deeply rooted in Old Russian iconographic traditions. Very often the painter concentrated mainly on the figure, face of the person. This tradition of the Old Russian art came from Byzantium where this technique came from the ancient Rome.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Matryoshka Kolobok “Kolobok, kolobok, I will eat you…” said the rabbit. “Don’t eat me, I will sing you a song”, said Kolobok and began to sing: “I’m a happy kolobok, with a crunchy brown side. In the oven I was baked, on the window sill cooled. From old man I run away, from old woman too. I will run away from you” and Kolobok run along…
Образовательный центр «Нива» Repka Matryoshka Doll You will find a whole tale inside a wooden doll. It is a classic Russian children’s fairy-tale “Repka”; in English – “The Turnip”. This set includes: six characters from a famous tale: the Grandpa, the Grandmother, the dog, the cat and the mouse. It is the simple story of strength coming in small packages.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Spinning Tops One needs a special skill, well- developed and fine finger movements to start up a Top. There are 3 painted wooden tops of 4 cm. of diameter in a set.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Father Frost This tumbler can make tuneful sounds. It is a light toy to play with. This toy can bring joy to your child or become a nice collectible.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Kids Simple yet fascinating toy is just about impossible to put down. One exclusive design is lovingly handmade and painted in bright colours. It’s a new interpretation of the traditional folk toy. This is unusual matryoshka-doll it looks like a very fist matryoshka. It consists of a five-piece nest and depicts a girl with a gosling. Next come the boy, then another girl and so on. The set includes 5 dolls from 7.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Papier-mache «Descend appear Red Horse, Harness thyself in Shafts of Earth…» « Словно я весенней гулкой ранью Проскакал на розовом коне»
Образовательный центр «Нива» N. I. Ryzhov at work
Автор презентации Тюлейкина Ирина, Слепова Ксения, Акопян Анна, Новлянская Ольга «Средняя Общеобразовательная школа №4» Презентация создана в феврале 2008г. Руководитель-консультат: Тараканова Наталья Николаевна-учитель английского языка средней общеобразовательной школы №4.
Образовательный центр «Нива» Список литературы 1.Бартран,Н.Д. «Об игрушках». М.,1909 2.Русское народное искусство на Второй Всероссийской кустарной выставке в Петрограде в 1913г.П.,1914 3.Алексей Клиентов «Народные промыслы» 2002г. 4.Снегирёв, И.М. «Путеводитель из Москвы в Троице-Сергиевскую лавру».М.,1856г. 5. «Сергиев Посад» Страницы истории 19- начала 20 века. Текст: Константин Филимонов. Составили: Николай Соловьев, Константин Филимонов. Предисловие: Татьяна Манушина. Издательский дом «Подкова» Москва 1997г.,252 стр. 6.Е.И. Осетров «Живая древняя Русь» Москва «Просвещение» 1976г.,242 стр. 7.Виктор Иванович Балдин «Загорск» История города и его планировки. Архитектурные памятники города Москва «Стройиздат» 1981,156 стр.