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ADULT, BEDIATRIC, & INFANT BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS) Abdualrahman ALshehri Lecturer King Saud University Riyadh Community College RN, MSN.

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Presentation on theme: "ADULT, BEDIATRIC, & INFANT BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS) Abdualrahman ALshehri Lecturer King Saud University Riyadh Community College RN, MSN."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADULT, BEDIATRIC, & INFANT BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS) Abdualrahman ALshehri Lecturer King Saud University Riyadh Community College RN, MSN

2 This slide series is intended for the student to review and become familiar with. Passing and receiving a CPR card is dependent on the student passing all skill tests (Adult CPR/Choking, Child CPR/Choking, Infant CPR/Choking, 2-person CPR, and AED use.

3 1 Rescuer CPR for Adults 1 - Check for scene safety (making sure you and the victim is free of danger). 2 – Check for responsiveness (tapping the shoulders with both hands while saying “are you ok”). 3 – If no response, yell for help. If someone comes, tell him/her to phone 977 and get an AED. If no one comes, phone 977 immediately and then begin the step of CPR. A – Open the Airway (head-tilt-chin-lift or Jaw thrust) Look, Listen, Feel for breath (5 – 10 seconds.). Just say, “I’m looking to see if the chest is rising and listening and feeling for breath” and you’ll be fine. B –Perform a “head tilt chin lift” and Give 2 breaths (give enough breath to make the chest rise).***remember to pinch the nose. Start five cycles of 30 compressions and 2 breaths at a rate of 100 compressions per min. Five cycles of 30 comps and 2 breaths in under 2 minutes. Remember—if an AED arrives on the scene (for adult CPR) stop CPR and use AED immediately

4 2 Rescuer CPR for Adults The person on the scene is responsibly for everything (scene is safe, checking for unresponsiveness, head tilt chin lift, looking, listening and feeling) except compressions (the 2 nd person’s responsibility). Rescuers should switch roles during CPR is fatigue is a factor. Person 1 - Check for scene safety (making sure you and the victim is free of danger). Person 1 – Check for responsiveness (tapping the shoulders with both hands while saying “are you ok”). Person 1 – If no response, yell for help. When person 2 arrives, send him/her to phone 977 and get an AED. Person 1– Open the Airway (head-tilt-chin-lift or Jaw thrust) Look, Listen, Feel for breath (5 – 10 seconds.). Just say, “I’m looking to see if the chest is rising and listening and feeling for breath” and you’ll be fine. Person 1–Perform a “head tilt chin lift” and Give 2 breaths (give enough breath to make the chest rise).***remember to pinch the nose. Person 1 & 2—Start five cycles of 30 compressions (person 2) and 2 breaths at a rate of 100 compressions per min. Five cycles of 30 comps and 2 breaths in under 2 minutes. Remember—if an AED arrives on the scene (for adult CPR) stop CPR and use AED immediately

5 1 Rescuer CPR for Children 1 to Age of Puberty 1 – Check for scene safety. 2 – Check for responsiveness. 3 – If no response SHOUT for help, send someone to ACTIVATE EMS and get an AED. A – Open the Airway (head-tilt-chin-lift or jaw thrust) Look, Listen, Feel for breath (5 – 10 secs). B – Give 2 breaths (give enough breath to make the chest rise).***remember to pinch the nose. Start CPR 30 compressions and 2 breaths at a rate of 100 compressions per min. Compression is different than adult. One hand on chest and one hand on forehead. After 5 cycles of 30:2 if alone ACTIVATE the EMS and get the AED.

6 2 fingers on “boney part of chin, other hand pushing forehead back.

7 Heel of one hand center of the chest on the nipple line above the bottom of the breastbone. Place other hand on top.

8 Correct compression technique and posture. Elbows straight, eyes looking at the top of your hands, counting each compression

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11 1 Rescuer CPR for Infants 1 – Check for scene safety. 2 – Check for responsiveness. 3 – If no response SHOUT for help, send someone to call 977 and Do NOT get an AED. A – Open the Airway (head-tilt-chin-lift or jaw thrust) Look, Listen, Feel for breath (5 – 10 secs). B – Give 2 breaths (give enough breath to make the chest rise).***remember to place your mouth around the nose and mouth. Start CPR 30 compressions and 2 breaths at a rate of 100 compressions per min. After 5 cycles of 30:2 if alone call 977 after 5 th cycle

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13 (AED) Automated External Defibrillator When AED arrives, place it at the victims side, next to the responder using it. First – POWER on the AED. Second – ATTACH the pads to the victim, then attach to AED. Third, –Clear the victim and ANALYZE the rhythm, by pressing the analyze button. Fourth –SHOCK – If the AED advises a shock, Clear the victim and press the SHOCK button. CPR – After AED gives the shock, begin CPR beginning with chest compressions. RE-ANALYZE – After 2 minutes of CPR, press ANALYZE on AED Four Special situations: –Take heed of the four special situations (hairy chest, wet/water, pacemaker, and medicine patch) and know what to do Use adult pads on victims aged 8 and Older. Use specialized pediatric pads on victims aged 1 to 8. Currently no evidence to recommend for AED use on infants aged 1 or less.

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16 Relief of Choking in the Adult and Child Ask the victim “Are you choking?” if the victim nods yes Ask the victim “Can I Help?” if the victim nods yes Position yourself behind the victim one foot between victim’s feet for stability (standing for adult, knelling for child) place one fist turned up with the thumb slightly above the navel but well below the breastbone. The other hand clasping the first fist. Thrust inward and upward with enough force to expel the object. Continue to thrust until the object is expelled or the victim becomes unresponsive. If the object is expelled, have the victim see a healthcare professional for further evaluation. If the Adult victim becomes unresponsive, call 977 and get an AED. Open the airway and remove the object if you see it, then begin CPR. Check the Airway every time before giving breaths during CPR. If the Child victim becomes unresponsive, Open the airway, remove the object if you see it, and begin CPR. After 5 cycles (2 min) ACTIVATE the EMS and get an AED. Check the Airway every time before giving breaths during CPR.

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19 Relief of Choking in the Infant. Signs of Severe Airway Obstruction poor / no air exchange. weak ineffective cough / no cough at all. turning blue around mouth. Knell / sit with infant in your lap 5 back thrusts, 5 chest thrusts, continue until object is expelled or infant becomes unresponsive. If object is expelled take infant to a Healthcare provider for further evaluation. If object is not expelled and infant becomes unresponsive, Open the airway, remove the object if you see it, and begin CPR. After 5 cycles (2 mins) ACTIVATE the EMS. Check the Airway every time before giving breaths during CPR.

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