2PersonificationPersonification is a special kind of metaphor that gives human qualities to something that is not human, such as an animal, object, or idea. “The tree sighed sadly in the cold.” A tree cannot sign or be sad. What are some examples of personification from stories that we have read this year?
3Complete the following chart. Literal TermPossible Figurative termsMetaphorSimilePersonificationfriendshipLighthouse, warm blanketLea’s friendship is a lighthouse.Lea’s friendship is like a lighthouse.Lea’s friendship wrapped my sadness in a warm blanket.Football gameCleaning your roommusicpajamasIce cream
4Read and Think I was seven, I lay in the car Watching palm trees swirl a sickening pattern past the glass.My stomach was a melon split wide inside my skin.Naomi Shihab Nye, “Making a Fist,”Pair & ShareWhat is the metaphor in this poem? What is the literal term? What is the figurative term? What does the metaphor mean?How would the meaning and impact of these lines change if Nye said simply, My stomach really hurt?
5Now you try it.Rewrite the figurative term in Nye’s metaphor. Try to express feelings of anxiety and pain- both physical and emotional- with your metaphor. My stomach was ___________________________.
6Read and ThinkThe camp faced a wide cove of white sand and palm trees. The bay was so perfectly blue, it looked like it had been retouched for a tourist brochure. Across the bay stood protective mountains, shoulder to shoulder, across the Concepcion peninsula.Ann Brashares,The Sisterhood of the Traveling PantsPair and ShareWhat is the example of personification in the third sentence?How would the passage change if the sentence were written like this?There were mountains across the Concepcion peninsula.
7Now you try it:Describe a place you like to go in the summer. In your description, use at least one example of personification. Exchange your description with a partner and have your partner identify your literal and figurative terms.