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(simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole) To analyze is to look closely at the details in order to understand the text. ANALYZING COMPARISON.

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Presentation on theme: "(simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole) To analyze is to look closely at the details in order to understand the text. ANALYZING COMPARISON."— Presentation transcript:

1 (simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole) To analyze is to look closely at the details in order to understand the text. ANALYZING COMPARISON

2 DO NOW What kind of figurative language is used in each example? What is being compared? 1.Life is a roller coaster. 2.She is the heat on a summer day. 3.She is the milk in my cereal. 4.I’m dying to meet you.

3 OBJECTIVE Today we are going to analyze figurative language (metaphor) in a poem. Standard RL a & L Analyze how diction (figurative language, connotative words) impacts the tone and/or theme. CFU: State the objective in your own words

4 IMPORTANCE Analyzing figurative language is important because it will help you to understand the meaning of a piece of literature, rap music, or conversation. Using it will add depth and interest to your writing. It is a skill you will use throughout your high school and college career. It’s on the CAHSEE. So deal with it. Transitional CFU: Can you think of another reason why analyzing figurative language is important? Which reason is most important to you and why? How will this skill help you in the future or in life outside school?

5 CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT Definition(s): Metaphor: a comparison between two unlike things Extended metaphor: a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a text. Transitional CFU: What is the difference between a metaphor and an extended metaphor?

6 SKILL STEPS Step 1: Write and identify the comparison example. Step 1: Write and identify the comparison example. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 3: Describe the qualities/associations of the subjects being examined. Step 3: Describe the qualities/associations of the subjects being examined. Step 4: Identify (highlight/underline) the qualities/associations that all the elements share. Step 4: Identify (highlight/underline) the qualities/associations that all the elements share. Step 5: Infer the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration. Step 5: Infer the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration.

7 Comparison Example Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ► Pattern or Qualities ► Idea or Inference Suggested by the comparison Pattern or Qualities ◄ Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ◄ It is a moon wrapped in brown paper. Onion Yellow or white on inside, brown skin on outside, round, layered, makes one cry, strong scent, pungent, strong taste, long lasting, adds good flavor to food, sweet or sour, caramelizes when cooked. - It’s like a discovery b/c the onion is wrapped, just as how the moon is “wrapped” (it’s a gift). It’s about discovery/surprise. -The moon has more of an influence than one would think. In the sky, nighttime, glowing, but not shining bright like the sun, spherical on full moon days. It is a natural/celestial image. - Brown paper: clouds, less light, it’s like a gift because it’s wrapped Moon wrapped in brown paper. Step 1: Identify and write the comparison example. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. Step 5: What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration? CFU: Why is this example a metaphor? What are the two items being compared? CFU: Why is it important for you to determine the qualities of each object or idea?

8 Comparison Example Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ► Pattern or Qualities ► Idea or Inference Suggested by the comparison Pattern or Qualities ◄ Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ◄ Lethal. Its scent will cling to your fingers, cling to your knife. The scent of the raw onion Yellow or white on inside, brown skin on outside, round, layered, makes one cry, strong scent, pungent, strong taste, long lasting, adds good flavor to food, sweet or sour, caramelizes when cooked. Just as how the scent of an onion lingers, the memory of love endures longer than expected. It feels good, but also hurts. Stays with a person in love in unexpected ways. It will stay with a person even though he/she will not want it to. Memory of love Step 1: Identify and write the comparison example. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. Step 5: What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration? CFU: Why is this example a metaphor? What are the two items being compared? CFU: Why is it important for you to determine the qualities of each object or idea?

9 WE DO Now let’s try it together!

10 Comparison Example Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ► Pattern or Qualities ► Idea or Inference Suggested by the comparison Pattern or Qualities ◄ Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ◄ Its platinum loops shrink to a wedding ring. “platinum loops” = shrinking Onion rings If sliced across, its layers appear as rings. As the person gets closer to the center, the rings of the onion are smaller. Willing commitment can turn into unwanted confinement over time. Symbol of commitment and love (but possible confinement and restriction), permanence, made of metal. Wedding Ring Step 1: Identify and write the comparison example. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. Step 5: What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration? CFU: Why is this example a metaphor? What are the two items being compared? CFU: Why is it important for you to determine the qualities of each object or idea?

11 CFU How do you determine the idea suggested by the comparison? (How do you make an inference?)

12 Comparison Example Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ► Pattern or Qualities ► Idea or Inference Suggested by the comparison Pattern or Qualities ◄ Concrete Object/ Abstract Idea ◄ disfiguring chicken pox of the soul Feeling of turning ten -milestone -end of elementary school -double digits -change -thinking about the future The speaker dreads and has horrific anxiety on turning ten. The comparison to chicken pox allows us to see that this is an unfortunate occurrence in his life. -itchy, red,bumpy, ugly, contagious, full of pus, embarrassing,potentially deadly, leaves scars -the essence of our being, core self, who we are disfiguring chicken pox of the soul Step 1: Identify and write the comparison example. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration?

13 CFU How do you determine the idea suggested by the comparison? (How do you make an inference?)

14 SKILL STEPS Step 1: Write and identify the comparison example. Step 1: Write and identify the comparison example. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration? Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration?

15 LET’S PRACTICE

16 GUIDED PRACTICE At four I was an Arabian wizard At seven I was a soldier at nine a prince

17 CFU Why does the author mention the way things used to be by using different ages? How do you determine idea suggested by the comparison? (How do you make an inference?)

18 SKILL STEPS Step 1: Write and identify the comparison example. Step 1: Write and identify the comparison example. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 2: Identify the items being compared or exaggerated. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 3: Describe the qualities of the subjects being examined. Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration? Step 4: Identify the qualities that all the elements share. What is the idea suggested by the comparison or exaggeration?

19 INDEPENDENT PRACTICE Choose and analyze 3 examples of figurative language from the rest of the poem and fill out the chart.


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