Presentation on theme: "Lessons Learned During Texas MS4 General Permit Development, Review and Implementation EPA Region 6 MS4 Conference July 28 – August 1, 2014 Jaya Zyman-Ponebshek,"— Presentation transcript:
Lessons Learned During Texas MS4 General Permit Development, Review and Implementation EPA Region 6 MS4 Conference July 28 – August 1, 2014 Jaya Zyman-Ponebshek, P.E., Assistant Director Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Water Quality Division (512)
What is an MS4? An MS4 is a publicly-owned or operated stormwater drainage system Designed to collect or convey stormwater Includes storm drains, pipes, ditches, gutters, etc.
Which MS4s are Regulated? Medium and Large MS4s (Phase I) Individual Permits Based on jurisdictional boundaries in 1990 Census (1000,000 +) Public entities Certain Small MS4s (Phase II) TCEQ General Permit Individual permit – option Based on urbanized area (UA) boundaries based on most recent Census
Phase II MS4 General Permit Phase II General Permit TXR Small MS4s located in an urbanized area (UA) Renewed December 13, 2013 – 5 year term Previous permit 400 approved authorizations 66 approved Waivers New Permit (due to new UA’s in 2010 Census) 800 expected authorizations 130 expected waivers
Stormwater Management Program Implementation of SWMP Develop a schedule Implemented in yearly intervals over the 5 year permit term Must be fully implemented at the end of the 5 year permit term Possibility for Coalitions Usually share a boundary or watershed Each MS4 is responsible for own compliance Shared responsibilities
Content of SWMP Public Education, Outreach, and Involvement Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination Construction Site Stormwater Runoff Control Post-Construction Stormwater Management in New Development and Redevelopment Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations Industrial Stormwater Sources Optional MCM for Construction done by the Permittee (MS4) Minimum Control Measures (MCMs)
MS4 GP Phase II Annual Reports Submit the original report to the TCEQ Stormwater & Pretreatment Team (MC 148) Submit a copy of the report to the appropriate TCEQ regional office Specify in the report cover letter that the TCEQ Regional Office has been sent a copy of the report Retain a copy of the report on site Annual Report template available: w-ms4.html Due by fiscal year, calendar year or permit year
Lessons Learned: Who needs to learn? Other Stakeholders Regulated Entities Regulatory Agency
Lessons Learned: During General Permit Development Make draft permits available on state website for easy access to stakeholders. Involve other programs in the state that will impact the MS4s and permit requirements Make sure requirements are feasible for various types of entities Accommodate uniqueness of nontraditional MS4s Involve stakeholders early on – prepare early versions of draft permit, so stakeholders can comment early on - even before EPA reviews. Iron out as many stakeholder concerns as possible. Revise draft permit based on stakeholder concerns.
Lessons Learned: During General Permit Development continued… Provide flexibility when possible Accommodate limitations associated with city’s sizes Think outside the box to provide ways to assess program elements other than through quantitative monitoring Present stakeholders concerns to EPA early on and work together on a path forward that accommodates limitations while complies with minimum rule requirements Provide tools and resources for the permittees to understand and comply with permit requirements Communicate and educate the public and permittees about permit requirements and upcoming changes through meetings, seminars, conferences.
Lessons Learned: During GP Implementation by MS4 Writing the SWMP: Read the permit, know the deadlines, identify requirements vs. areas that are flexible Research US census, water quality issues (impaired water bodies, TMDLs, Edwards Aquifer, other site specific issues or challenges unique to your MS4) Collaborate with other departments, city managers, consultants, other agencies, and neighboring MS4s If discharging to a TMDL watershed, consider the stormwater WLA (whether it is aggregate or disaggregate) If a renewal, consider lessons learned – do not repeat same mistakes
Lessons Learned: During GP Implementation by MS4 Writing the SWMP Cont… Focus Efforts on your biggest issues, your specific community issues, etc. Don’t try to do it all. Prioritize and evaluate and change priorities every permit term if warranted. Pick lowest hanging fruit and pick issues where you will get the most bang for the buck. Set Realistic Goals- do not overcommit. Commit to minimum requirements and exceed them. Remember things in the permit do not qualify for 309 grant money. Prioritize and combine BMP implementation
Lessons Learned: During GP Implementation by MS4 Ask for help across your city staff, state and federal agencies, and neighboring communities. You are not alone! Do not reinvent the wheel. Use materials already prepared by the state or EPA or other neighboring communities. Discuss what has worked for communities similar in size and issues as yours and learn from their mistakes and successes. DO NOT COPY EACH OTHERS PLANS Focus on education and prevention. Be proactive rather than reactive. Implementing the SWMP
Lessons Learned: During GP Implementation by MS4 Evaluating progress Monitoring progress –Review quarterly –Coordinate with other MS4s or entities to gather published data –Pace your plan –Send reminders to those in your team Assessing value –Measure impacts –Track costs –Evaluate cost vs. benefit Evaluating progress Monitoring progress Review quarterly Coordinate with other MS4s or entities to gather published data Pace your plan Send reminders (to whom?) Assessing value Measure impacts Track costs Evaluate cost vs. benefit Making changes Make changes as needed. Don’t retain something is not working or is not benefiting the program for the cost. Each permit term is a great opportunity to start clean and change or remove BMPs to make them more cost-effective and beneficial. As needed make changes during the permit term through NOC Compliance challenges and applying adaptive management as your system progresses from one permit cycle to the next
Lessons Learned: During GP Implementation by MS4 Evaluating progress continued… Making changes ₋Make changes as needed. Don’t retain something is not working or is not benefiting the program for the cost. Each permit term is a great opportunity to start clean and change or remove BMPs to make them more cost-effective and beneficial. ₋As needed make changes during the permit term through NOC ₋Consider compliance challenges and apply adaptive management as your system progresses from one permit cycle to the next Evaluating progress continued… Making changes ₋Make changes as needed. Don’t retain something is not working or is not benefiting the program for the cost. Each permit term is a great opportunity to start clean and change or remove BMPs to make them more cost-effective and beneficial. ₋As needed make changes during the permit term through NOC ₋Consider compliance challenges and apply adaptive management as your system progresses from one permit cycle to the next
Lessons Learned: SWMP Review by TCEQ Don’t copy each other’s plans. Only retain items that are suitable to your unique needs and funding When possible, coordinate with neighboring MS4s or other MS4s of similar size to observe what type of activities possibly fit your MS4, and which ones you can adopt and use during the permit term. Don’t overcommit. You can’t just eliminate BMPs. Need to replace it with another equivalent BMP. If you want to go beyond minimum requirements, do so outside the permit and get additional 309 grant money if needed. If you are a new MS4, don’t plan too much for the first year or two while the plan is being reviewed.
Lessons Learned: SWMP Review by TCEQ Make your implementation schedule realistic. Don’t try to pack too much and push it back a year every year making your year 5 impossible at the end of the permit term. Make sure to meet minimum requirements. If a certain MCM does not apply to your MS4, please briefly document why under that section in the SWMP, do not leave that MCM completely out otherwise we will assume it is missing and incomplete. List correct segment names and numbers. Refer to correct CWA 303(d) List and list of approved TMDLS. In Texas, we have the 2012 Texas Integrated Report Index of Water Quality Impairments for a list of segments with both Category 4 and 5 impairments.
Lessons Learned: Annual Report Review by TCEQ List program activities that are effective for your MS4 and used continuously each permit year as “Ongoing” instead of “Incomplete”. Summarize activities. Quantify as much as possible to show progress. Give percentages on how close you are to meeting the goals.
TCEQ Web Links Stormwater Home Page rmitting/stormwater/sw_permi ts.htmlhttp://www.tceq.texas.gov/pe rmitting/stormwater/sw_permi ts.html Small Business and Local Government Assistance sistancehttp://www.tceq.texas.gov/as sistance
TPDES Stormwater Program Contacts Water Quality Division Jaya Zyman-Ponebshek, Assistant Director Rebecca L. Villalba, Stormwater & Pretreatment team leader Stormwater permit writers Hal Bailey Hanne Lehman Nielsen Dan Siebeneicher Lindsay Garza
Contact Information Small Business and Local Government Assistance (SBLGA) (800) Stormwater NOI/NEC/NOT Status (512) Permitting Information (Technical) (512)