Presentation on theme: "SW101 Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s)"— Presentation transcript:
SW101 Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s)
What is an MS4? A municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) is: A conveyance or system of conveyances... owned by a State, city, town, federal agency*, or other public entity that discharges to waters of the U.S. and is: –designed or used for collecting or conveying storm water –not a combined sewer –not part of a Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW) *only Phase II Small MS4s
Types of MS4s Phase I: based population within city or unincorporated part of county –Large MS4 250,000 or greater pop. –Medium MS4 100,000 – 250,000 pop. –Designated Phase II: based primarily on Census Bureau Urbanized Areas and not political boundary –Regulated Small MS4 in UA –Designated outside UA –Unregulated
Small MS4 Coverage Urbanized Area Definition A central place (or places) and the adjacent densely settled surrounding territory that together have a minimum residential population of 50,000 people and a minimum average density of 1,000 people/square mile.
Small MS4 Coverage Determining Location in a UA Appendix 6 to the preamble Link on Region 6 MS4 Web page via www.epa.gov/region6/sws State Data Centers
Small MS4 Coverage Designation by the PA The PA must develop and apply designation criteria to small MS4s, located outside of a UA, serving a jurisdiction with >10,000 population and >1,000/sq. mile population density
Designation by the PA Designation Criteria Discharge to sensitive waters High growth or growth potential High population density Contiguity to an urbanized area Significant contributor of pollutants to waters of the U.S. Ineffective protection of water quality by other programs
Designation by the PA The PA must also designate any small MS4 that is substantially contributing pollutants to a physically interconnected regulated MS4 Anyone may petition PA to designate any MS4
Regulated Small MS4 Waivers Waiver Option 1 Available where… –The regulated small MS4 serves a population of less than 1,000 within the UA –The regulated small MS4 is not contributing to the pollutant loadings of a physically interconnected regulated MS4 –If the regulated small MS4 is discharging to an impaired water body, storm water controls are not needed based on a TMDL that addresses the pollutants of concern
Regulated Small MS4 Waivers Waiver Option 2 Available where… –The regulated small MS4 serves a population of less than 10,000 –The PA has evaluated all waters that receive a discharge from the regulated small MS4 –The PA has determined that storm water controls are not needed based on a TMDL or equivalent analysis that addresses the pollutants of concern –The PA has determined that future discharges will not impact water quality.
Regulated MS4 Permit Requirements Required to develop, implement and enforce a program to reduce the discharge of pollutants to the Maximum Extent Practicable (MEP) and effectively prohibit discharge of non-storm water into MS4 Program must include: –Comprehensive program (Large MS4s) –Six minimum control measures (Small MS4s) –Evaluation/assessment efforts & recordkeeping
Six Minimum Control Measures Public Education and Outreach Public Involvement/Participation Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination Construction Site Runoff Control Post-Construction Storm Water Management in New and Redevelopment Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations
Regulated Small MS4 Permit Requirements Must submit an NOI or individual permit application and identify the following elements for each minimum control measure: –Best management practices –Measurable goals –Timing and frequency of the actions –Responsible persons
WHEN YOU'RE WASHING YOUR CAR IN THE DRIVEWAY, REMEMBER YOU'RE NOT JUST WASHING YOUR CAR IN THE DRIVEWAY. WHEN YOUR CAR'S LEAKING OIL ON THE STREET, REMEMBER IT'S NOT JUST LEAKING OIL ON THE STREET. WHEN YOU'RE FERTILIZING THE LAWN, REMEMBER YOU'RE NOT JUST FERTILIZING THE LAWN. WHEN YOUR PET GOES ON THE LAWN, REMEMBER IT DOESN'T JUST GO ON THE LAWN.
The Interaction of Federal and Municipal Construction Programs NPDES Storm Water Construction Program –Administered by the NPDES PA –Requires the construction operator to obtain an NPDES storm water permit –Nationwide coverage –Qualifying Local Programs (QLPs) can be referenced in permit NPDES-regulated MS4 Construction Programs –Administered by the MS4 operator –Requirements vary between MS4s
Deadlines for Small MS4 Compliance Automatically designated small MS4s: –Permit coverage by March 10, 2003 –If PA has approved schedule for phasing coverage for MS4s <10,000 - coverage by March 8, 2007 Full implementation of MS4s program: –Within 5 years of permit issuance
SW101 Examples of Municipal BMPs and Measurable Goals
Public Education and Outreach What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Develop and distribute brochures or fact sheets for general public and specific audiences Develop and distribute recreational guides to educate groups such as golfers, hikers, paddlers, climbers, fishermen, and campers Develop alternative information sources, such as web sites, bumper stickers, refrigerator magnets, posters for bus and subway stops, and restaurant placemats
Public Education and Outreach What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Establish a library of educational materials for community and school groups Encourage volunteer citizen educators to staff a public education task force Participate with educational displays at home shows and community festivals Develop educational programs for school-age children
Public Education and Outreach What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Develop program for storm drain stenciling of storm drains with messages such as Do Not Dump - Drains Directly to Lake Set up storm water hotlines for information and for citizen reporting of polluters Provide economic incentives to citizens and businesses (e.g., rebates to homeowners purchasing mulching lawnmowers or biodegradable lawn products)
Public Education and Outreach What Are Appropriate Measurable Goals? Target Activity 1 yearBrochures developed and distributed in water utilitybills; a storm water hotline in place; volunteer educators trained. 2 yearsA web site created; school curricula developed; storm drains stenciled. 3 yearsA certain percentage of restaurants nolonger dumping grease and other pollutants down storm sewer drains. 4 yearsA certain percentage reduction in litter or animal waste detected in discharges.
Public Participation What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Set up public meetings/citizen panels to allow citizens to discuss various viewpoints and provide input concerning appropriate storm water management policies and BMPs Establish volunteer water quality monitoring program to give citizens first-hand knowledge of the quality of local water bodies and provide a cost-effective means of collecting water quality data
Public Participation What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Develop group of volunteer educators/speakers who can conduct workshops, encourage public participation, and staff special events Encourage storm drain stenciling by concerned citizens and students Encourage community clean-ups along local waterways, beaches, and around storm drains
Public Participation What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Support citizen watch groups to aid local enforcement authorities in the identification of polluters Develop Adopt A Storm Drain programs to encourage individuals or groups to keep storm drains free of debris and to monitor what is entering local waterways through storm drains
Public Participation What Are Appropriate Measurable Goals? TargetActivity 1 yearNotice of a public meeting in different print media and bilingual flyers; citizen panel established; volunteers organized to locate outfalls/illicit discharges and stencil drains. 2 yearsFinal recommendations of citizen panel; radio spots promoting program and participation. 3 yearsA certain percentage of the community participating in community clean-ups. 4 yearsCitizen watch groups established in a certain percentage of neighborhoods; outreach to all population sectors completed.
Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Collect all existing information on outfall locations (e.g., city records, drainage maps, storm drain maps), and then conduct field surveys to verify locations; Develop storm water ordinance to prohibit illicit discharges; Locate problem areas for detailed screening using methods such as public complaints; visual screening; water sampling from manholes and outfalls during dry weather; and infrared and thermal photography. Coordinate volunteers for locating outfalls or stenciling storm drains.
Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Determine the source of the problems using methods such as: dye-testing buildings in problem areas; dye- or smoke-testing buildings at the time of sale; tracing the discharge upstream in the storm sewer; employing a certification program that shows that buildings have been checked for illicit connections; implementing an inspection program of existing septic systems; and using video to inspect the storm sewers. Educate and work with dischargers found to be sources of illicit connections.
Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Document the number of outfalls screened; any complaints received and corrected; the number of discharges and quantities of flow eliminated; and the number of dye or smoke tests conducted. Develop informative brochures, and guidances for specific audiences and school curricula. Design a program to publicize and facilitate public reporting of illicit discharges. Initiate recycling programs for commonly dumped wastes, such as motor oil, antifreeze, and pesticides.
Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination What Are Appropriate Measurable Goals? TargetActivity 1 yearSewer system map completed; recycling program for household hazardous waste in place. 2 yearsOrdinance in place; training for public employees completed; a certain percentage of sources of illicit discharges determined. 3 yearsA certain percentage of: illicit discharges detected; illicit discharges eliminated; and households participating in quarterly household hazardous waste special collection days. 4 yearsMost illicit discharge sources detected and eliminated.
Construction Site Runoff Control What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Develop an ordinance that requires controls for polluted runoff from construction sites that disturb more than one acre; Develop procedures for site plan reviews and inspections; Develop procedures for the receipt and consideration of public inquiries, concerns, and information submitted regarding local construction activities.
Construction Site Runoff Control What Are Appropriate Measurable Goals? TargetActivity 1 yearOrdinance or other regulatory mechanism in place; procedures for information submitted by the public in place. 2 yearsProcedures for site inspections implemented; a certain percentage rate of compliance achieved by construction operators. 3 yearsMaximum compliance with ordinance; improved clarity and reduced sedimentation of local waterbodies. 4 yearsIncreased numbers of sensitive aquatic organisms in local waterbodies.
Post-Construction/ New Development/ Redevelopment What Are Some Non-Structural BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Develop master plans, comprehensive plans, or zoning ordinances to guide the growth of your community away from sensitive areas and restrict certain types of growth to areas that can support it without compromising water quality. Establish site-based local controls such as buffer strip and riparian zone preservation, minimization of disturbance and imperviousness, and maximization of open space.
Post-Construction/ New Development/ Redevelopment What Are Some Structural BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Incorporate storm water storage into your system by gathering runoff in wet ponds, dry basins, or multichamber catch basins and slowly releasing it to receiving waters or drainage systems. Build infiltration systems such as infiltration basins/trenches, dry wells, and porous pavement, to facilitate the percolation of runoff through the soil to ground water, and, thereby reduce storm water quantity and mobilization of pollutants.
Post-Construction/ New Development/ Redevelopment What Are Some Structural BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Incorporate vegetative practices such as grassy swales, filter strips, artificial wetlands, and rain gardens to enhance pollutant removal, maintain/improve natural site hydrology, promote healthier habitats, and increase aesthetic appeal.
Post-Construction/ New Development/ Redevelopment What Are Appropriate Measurable Goals? TargetActivity 1 yearStrategies developed that include structural and/or non-structural BMPs. 2 yearsStrategies codified by use of ordinance or other regulatory mechanism. 3 yearsReduced percent of new impervious surfaces associated with new development projects. 4 yearsImproved clarity and reduced sedimentation of local waterbodies.
Pollution Prevention/ Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Establish maintenance activities, maintenance schedules, and long-term inspection procedures for structural and non-structural controls to reduce floatables and other pollutants discharged from the separate storm sewers. Establish procedures for the proper disposal of waste removed from the separate storm sewer systems, including dredge spoil, accumulated sediments, floatables, and other debris.
Pollution Prevention/ Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations What Are Some BMPs for Implementing This Measure? Develop programs that promote recycling, minimize pesticide use, and ensure the proper disposal of animal waste to reduce or eliminate the discharge of pollutants from areas such as roads and parking lots, maintenance and storage yards, and waste transfer stations; Coordinate with flood control managers to ensure that new flood management projects assess the impacts on water quality and examine existing projects for incorporation of additional water quality protection devices or practices.
Pollution Prevention/ Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations What Are Appropriate Measurable Goals? TargetActivity 1 yearPollution prevention plan completed; employee training materials developed; procedures in place for catch basin cleaning and street sweeping. 2 yearsTraining for appropriate employees completed; recycling program fully implemented. 3 yearsSome pollution prevention BMPs incorporated into master plan; a certain percentage reduction in pesticide and sand/salt use; maintenance schedule for BMPs established. 4 yearsA certain percentage reduction in floatables discharged; a certain compliance rate with maintenance schedules for BMPs; controls in place for all areas of concern.