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Settling the West Chapter Review
What valuable metals brought the first waves of settlers that populated the mountain states of the West?
Gold, Silver, and Copper
Type of mining in which deposits of ore could be extracted mostly by hand.
Type of mining which required corporations to dig deep beneath the surface.
He staked a claim in Six-Mile Canyon, Montana. The blue-gray mud there turned out to be nearly pure silver ore.
Law enforcement which consisted of self- appointed volunteers who would track down and punish wrongdoers.
Mining town where Samuel Clemens accepted a job as a reporter for a local paper and began using his pen name “Mark Twain.”
Virginia City, Nevada.
True or False? The Pikes’ Peak strike was really a hoax; there really was no gold in the area.
This city, a supply point for mining areas, became the second largest city in the West after San Francisco.
Congress admitted these three states of the northern Great Plains in 1889 after enough miners, ranchers, and ranchers moved into the area.
North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana
What breed of cattle had adapted to living on the Great Plains?
The Texas Longhorn.
A vast area of grassland owned by the government. This area covered much of the Great Plains and provided land where ranchers could graze their herds free of charge.
The open range.
Who introduced ranching in the Southwest before these areas became part of the U.S.?
Why was ranching impractical before the Civil War? List two!
Beef prices were low, and Moving the cattle to the eastern markets was not practical.
What two developments changed this?
The Civil War and, The construction of the railroads
Moving cattle long distances to a railroad depot for fast transport and great profit.
The Long Drive
Stray calves with no identifying symbols.
This invention enabled hundreds of square miles of open range to be fenced off cheaply and easily. It also ended the long drives.
Region of the U.S. that extends westward to the Rocky Mountains.
The Great Plains
Law passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage settlement in the Great Plains.
The Homestead Act
How much land could a homesteader claim under this act?
How long did a homesteader have to live there before receiving a title to that land?
Homes on the Plains were constructed using this “material”.
Farming technique where seeds were planted deep in the ground where there was enough moisture for them to grow.
Name given for the people who plowed the soil on the Plains.
What were three technological innovations in agriculture?
Mechanical reapers, Binders, and Threshing machines
Before the Sand Creek massacre, the Cheyenne had come to Fort Lyon to A. Negotiate Surrender Attack Defend their land
Why would the government encourage white hunters to kill the buffalo?
To force Native Americans onto reservations.
Large ranches that could cover several hundred acres and yielded massive profits.
What contributed to troubled times for wheat farmers in the 1890s?
Competition from other wheat-producing nations caused prices to drop, Prolonged drought destroyed crops and farms.
Payments by the government to those who lived on the reservations.
Dakota chief who asked traders to provide his people food on credit. He led the Dakota Sioux uprising in Minnesota.
Chief Little Crow
He was a religious leader as well as a war chief who lured the U.S. troops into an ambush in Wyoming in 1866.
What name was given for this battle?
Leader of the Cheyenne who was massacred at Sand Creek.
U.S. commander who attacked the Cheyenne at Sand Creek.
Lakota Sioux chief killed at Wounded Knee.
Formed by Congress in 1867, it proposed creating two large reservations on the Plains, one for the Sioux and another for southern Plains Indians.
Indian Peace Commission
Commander of the 7 th Calvary. He underestimated the fighting abilities of the Lakota and Cheyenne.
Colonel George A. Custer
A ritual important to the Lakota. It celebrated a hoped-for reckoning when settlers would disappear, the buffalo would return, and Native Americans would reunite with their deceased ancestors.
To be absorbed into American society as landowners and citizens.
This act gave 160 acres of reservation land for farming.
Settling the West Section 1 “Miners and Ranchers” Placer Mining – Using picks, shovels, and pans. Quartz Mining – Dug deep beneath the surface.
Chapter 8. Precious Metals (Gold and Silver) Indian Wars Impact of the Railroads Availability of Cheap Land The Cattle Industry Farming Industry.
Word List: Gold Mining. Word List: Cattle Drives.
Chapter 8. What do I need to be able to do by the end of this chapter? Trace the growth of the mining industry in the west Describe ways in which technology.
Essential Question How did western settlement affect the Plains Indians? How did western settlement affect the Plains Indians?
The Gilded Age Ch. 2 The West. Growth of mining industry – 1 st large wave of settlers to the west (Gold, silver, copper, quartz) – By the summer of 1879.
What led to the Tragedy at Wounded Knee? ( look in notes)
Settling the West Section 1: Miners and Ranchers.
Chapter 18-3 Advanced US History. Main concerns of the West included getting soil to produce crops and keeping Indians and immigrants away. Working the.
Ch 13 Westward Expansion I.Miners and Ranchers A.Growth of the Mining Industry 1. Industries in the Eastern part of the United States had a great need.
Native Americans. Tell the story of the Dakota Sioux uprising and the Lakota Sioux defense of their territory. Describe the events at Sand Creek. Discuss.
Westward Expansion “The Great Plains”. The Great Plains Pre Civil War viewed as a “treeless wasteland” - was now seen as a vast area for settlement and.
Miners and Ranchers. Westward Movement The growing industrial economy in the east needed the deposits of gold, silver, and copper found in the west. Many.
Culture of the Plains Indians Click the mouse button to display the information. Some Native American nations of the Great Plains lived in communities.
The Native American Wars Chapter 13, Section 3. The Dakota Sioux Uprising First major clash on the Plains. Started August 1862 in reaction to starvation.
By the end of the unit you will be able to: Describe the settlement of the west Explain the changes to American society that resulted from industrialization.
Native Americans By Mr. Bruce Diehl. I. Culture of the Plains Indians A.Life for the Plains Indians 1.Some Native American nations of the Great Plains.
Growth of the Mining Industry Click the mouse button to display the information. The growing industries in the East needed the West’s rich deposits of.
Digging for Gold Growth of the Mining Industry Placer mining –Prospectors used simple equipment like picks, shovels, and pans to mine the shallow deposits.
Section 1 Miners and Ranchers. Guide to Reading Miners and ranchers settled large areas of the West. placer mining Main Idea Click the mouse button.
The Mining Industry Growing industries in the East needed the resources of the West. Settlers move to the West’s mountain states to find these riches.
Settling the West US History. What is the West? Why is it important? Frederick Jackson Turner, 1893: In the US the West gave rise to inventiveness independence.
Miners and Ranchers By Mr. Bruce Diehl. I. Growth of the Mining Industry A.The growing industries in the East needed the West’s rich mineral deposits.
Discoveries of precious metals in the West causes the explosion of boomtowns No established gov’t, vigilance committees enforce the “law” Boomtowns.
Ch. 12 Sec 2 Problems in the Great Plains. 1) ________________________ were forced onto land away from what they had. The _________________________ were.
WESTWARD THE COURSE OF EMPIRE EMMANUEL LEUTZE, 1860.
Getting to California Placer mining – mining with simple equipment Quartz mining – large scale corporation mining operations Vigilantly – citizens that.
Chapter 13 Settling the West Section 1 Miners and Ranchers.
© Mark E. Damon - All Rights Reserved Another Presentation © All rights Reserved
Section1-Miners and Ranchers Click the Speaker button to listen to the audio again.
UNIT I Introduction “The Gilded Age” Ch 8, 9, & 10.
SETTLING THE WEST Chapter 8. Section 1 Miners and Ranchers Main Idea: Miners and ranchers settled large areas of the West. Growth of the mining.
WHY WOULD PEOPLE TAKE ON THE CHALLENGES OF THE WEST? MINERS, RANCHERS, FARMERS, AND NATIVE AMERICANS.
Miners and Ranchers Chapter 11- Section 1 Brandy Miller, BreeAna Braden, and Megan Loos.
Miners and Ranchers. Know the following names/terms/places: placer mining, quartz mining, Henry Comstock, vigilance committees, Leadville, Denver, long.
Settling the West Unit 1 Created by M. Gunsalus 2009.
Homestead Act New Technology Life on the Farm Decline of Farming Life on the Plains Plains Indians American Interests Indian Restrictions Indian Wars Assimilation.
Cattle Ranchers. Texas Cattle In the 1800’s, ranchers in Texas raised and sold longhorn cattle. Texas had a lot of cattle, but the market was not.
Communication The Pony Express (1860) Goes from St. Louis to San Francisco in 10 days Pony Express lasts about 2 years. The Telegraph Samuel Morse develops.
■Essential Question ■Essential Question: –What factors led to the settlement of the West during the Gilded Age ( )? ■Warm-Up Question: –Let’s review.
Settling the West 1865 – Miners Comstock Lode of gold & silver discovered in Nevada: pure silver ore discovered by Henry Comstock Thousands of miners.
26. The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution
What are the names of the two oceans that touch the U.S.?
CHAPTER 8 TEST REVIEW The South and West Transformed
Settling the West Westward Expansion Manifest Destiny US should expand from Atlantic to Pacific First to go were miners, ranchers, and.
Ch. 6 Sec. 2 Westward Expansion and the American Indians.
Topic 10.2 The West is Transformed Mining, Ranching, and Farming 2.9, 3.1, 3.5.
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