Presentation on theme: " Entrepreneur or Entrepreneurship originated in Europe sometime in the Middle Ages. Entrepreneur originated from the French word “Entreprendre” which."— Presentation transcript:
Entrepreneur or Entrepreneurship originated in Europe sometime in the Middle Ages. Entrepreneur originated from the French word “Entreprendre” which means to undertake.
Entrepreneurship ◦ The ability of the individual to determine and come up with the proper combination of the resources available in his environment and transform this into an output of either goods or services, and obtain a fair profit at the price the entrepreneur sets.
Contributor / YearContribution JEAN BAPTISTE SAY (1800) Entrepreneurship refers to the shifting of economIc resources out of an area of lower and into higher productivity and greater yield.
Contributor / YearContribution CARL MENGER (1871) Entrepreneurship involves obtaining information, calculations, an act of will and supervision.
Contributor / YearContribution HARVEY LEIBENSTEIN (1970) Entrepreneurship is the reduction of organizational inefficency.
Contributor / YearContribution JOSEPH SCHUMPETER (1910) Entrepreneurship is, in its essence, the finding and promoting new combinations of productive factors.
Contributor / YearContribution ISRAEL KIRZNER (1975) Entrepreneurship is identification of market arbitrage opportunity.
Contributor / YearContribution ALBERT SHAPIRO (1975) Entrepreneurship involves a kind of behavior that includes initiative taking, organizing and recognizing social mechanism to turn resources and situations so practical account, and the acceptance of risk and failures.
Contributor / YearContribution KARL VESPER (1980) Entrepreneurship is the dynamic process of creating incremental wealth.
Contributor / YearContribution W. ED MC MULLAN AND WAYNE A. LONG (1990) Entrepreneurship is the building of new growth organization.
Contributor / YearContribution HOWARD STEVENSON (1992) Entrepreneurship is the pursuit of opportunity beyond the resources currently under one’s control.
Contributor / YearContribution JEFFRY TIMMONS (1994) Entrepreneurship is the ability to create and build a vision from practically nothing.
Contributor / YearContribution PETER DRUCKER (1998) Entrepreneurship is the process of starting one’s own new and small business. It is also the process of innovation and new venture creation through four major dimensions – individual, organizational, environmental, process – aided by collaborative networks in government, education and institutions.
Contributor / YearContribution ROBERT HISRICH (2001) Entrepreneurship involves the creation process, requires the devotion of the necessary time and effort, assumes the accompanying financial, psychic and social risks, and receives the resulting rewards of monetary and personal satisfaction and independence.
Approach ◦ The entrepreneur considers the opportunity to solve the problem rather than solving the problem itself. Process ◦ Entrepreneurship is a dynamic process of innovation and new – venture creation through the five major dimensions: individuals, organizations, environment, process and intuitions.
Findings in the 2006 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Research Consortium: ◦ Four out of ten adult Filipino are engaged in business. ◦ About half are in the early – stage entrepreneurial activity (Total Early Stage Activity – TEA). ◦ 19.7% (9.5 million) comprise the country’s established business. ◦ Mindanao has the higher TEA while Northern Luzon has the lowest. ◦ Most of the businesses are in consumer oriented with 35%.
Findings in the 2006 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Research Consortium: ◦ Motivated by Necessity (54%) and opportunity motivations (37%). ◦ Face stiff competition (75%), lack novelty (71%), lack new technology (67%), not employing (63%), and not exporting (77%). ◦ Only 8 out of 10 have discontinued a business in the past 12 months. ◦ Only 34% have dealings with banks. ◦ Only 17 who receive remittances use then to finance business. ◦ Only 1% are non – owner investors.
“Borderless World” – globalized trading system ◦ The Filipino entrepreneur who used to develop and market products locally is now faced with local competition with both Filipino and foreign products and services which are now available in the market. ◦ The Filipino entrepreneur has to contend with casting out the colonial mentality of the local market with its preferences for imported goods. ◦ Filipino entrepreneurs have the chance of developing and marketing export – quality products awing to the various incentives and support available.
“Cyber space or information highway” ◦ The resurgence and constantly improving information technology sector is a development to watch and its benefit for entrepreneurs to grab and exploit. ◦ By exploiting the benefits of information technology, and the various software available in the market, one can easily network with the foreign markets. ◦ The proliferation of computers both in offices and households has revolutionized business operations and system, allowing every place practically a base for business operations.
The inclusion of entrepreneurship education at the secondary level. Vocational courses/subjects and books at the secondary level include chapters dealing with entrepreneurship. Courses leading to specialization on entrepreneurship or major area of study subsumed under the course leading to a degree in business management or business administration.
The Council of Management Educators (COME), comprising of academicians, has some way acknowledged entrepreneurship as part of the management education. The Society for Entrepreneurship Education, Inc. (SEED) has come into the arena of further promoting entrepreneurship education both in formal and non-formal sectors and a number of entrepreneurs themselves who continually talked it and unwillingly share their experiences and expertise, hoping that doers and believers of entrepreneurship will multiply in number.
The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) has pushed the formal integration of entrepreneurship education pursuant to Republic Act No. 7722 as embodied Memorandum Order No. 17 (CMO # 17) series of 2005 – Curriculum Requirement for Bachelor of Science in Entrepreneurship (BS Entrepreneurship). Some schools have integrated entrepreneurship as a track or major subject.
Promotes self-help and employment Mobilize capital Provides taxes to economy Empowers individual Enhances national identity and pride Enhances competitive consciousness Improves quality of life Enhances equitable distribution of income and wealth.