Presentation on theme: "What are some characteristics of propaganda or political cartoons?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What are some characteristics of propaganda or political cartoons? WWI PropagandaWhat are some characteristics of propaganda or political cartoons?
2 BackgroundEach of the nations that participated in WWI from used propaganda not only as a means of justifying involvement to their own citizens, but also as a means of recruiting men, money and resources to sustain the military campaign.Propaganda was also used to unite the nation against an enemy; portrayed enemy countries in a negative mannerInterestingly, the U.S. joined the war relatively late - April she produced many more propaganda posters than any other single nation
3 Characteristics of Propaganda Evoke emotion: sympathy, fear, patriotismClear message or sloganEncourages involvement or action; persuasiveOften relies on ethically suspect methods of influence (deception, distortion, misrepresentation)Use of color or symbolsServes a purpose (government, interest group)
4 Common Propaganda Techniques Plain Folks Appeal: “I’m one of you”Testimonials: “I saw the Germans murder hundreds…”Bandwagon: “Everybody’s doing it”Card-Stacking: presenting only one side of a storyTransfer: positive or negative associations, such as a politician posing with a flagGlittering generalities: idealistic or loaded language, such as “freedom,” “family values,” etc.Name calling: power-hungry, Hun, anarchist, etc.
5 Robaudi, Alcide Théophile; 1917 America owes France the most unalterable gratitude. French Comrade your children shall be as our children.
6 Stern; 1918. Are you 100% American. Prove it. Buy U. S Stern; Are you 100% American? Prove it! Buy U.S. government bonds : Third Liberty Loan
7 Strothmann, Frederick; 1917 Beat back the Hun with Liberty Bonds
9 Stahr, Paul; 1918. Be patriotic : sign your country's pledge to save the food
10 United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Publicity Bureau United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Publicity Bureau. Buy Liberty Bonds
11 Illian, George. Cardinal Mercier has appealed to the Food Administration for more food for starving millions.***Mercier was a Belgian cardinal who was known for his staunch opposition to German occupation***
12 Steele; U.S. Food Administration Defeat the Kaiser and his U-boats : victory depends on which fails first, food or frightfulness : eat less wheat
13 Faivre, Abel. L'Emprunt de la Libération (The loan of liberation)
14 Christy, Howard Chandler. Fight or buy bonds : Third Liberty Loan
15 Chambers, Charles Edward Chambers, Charles Edward. Food will win the war : you came here seeking freedom, you must now help to preserve it : wheat is needed for the Allies, waste nothing.
16 Orr, Alfred Everitt. For home and country : Victory Liberty Loan
17 Cittadino, A. For liberty, civilization, and humanity
18 Harris, Lawrence S. "Good bye, Dad, I'm off to fight for Old Glory, you buy U.S. gov't bonds" :Third Liberty Loan
19 La grande offensiva Italiana : la disfatta Austriaca sul Montello La grande offensiva Italiana : la disfatta Austriaca sul Montello. (The Great Italian Offensive: Austrian defeat at Montello)
20 Halt the Hun! : buy U.S. government bonds, Third Liberty Loan
21 United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Publicity Bureau United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Publicity Bureau. My daddy bought me a government bond of the Third Liberty Loan, did yours?
22 Faivre, Abel. Pour la France, versez votre or : l'or combat pour la victoire (For France, pour your gold or fight for victory)
23 Ring it again : buy U.S. gov't bonds : Third Liberty Loan
24 Your war savings pledge : Our boys make good their pledge--Are you keeping yours?
26 Summary: Scene depicting French women in war-time Summary: Scene depicting French women in war-time. One woman is working in a factory, one is nursing her child, and another woman is hoeing in the field. In the background is an outline of Victory. French women made up over 40 percent of the work force during the war. Over two million were recruited into positions in heavy industry.
33 Kriegsanleihe, helft den Hütern eures Glückes Kriegsanleihe, helft den Hütern eures Glückes. Summary: Poster shows a man holding a sword with his other arm around his wife and baby. Text: War loans help the guardians of your happiness
34 Bolshevism means the world will drown in blood Bolshevism means the world will drown in blood. Association to Fight Against Bolshevism
36 We won't tolerate anarchy! We'll protect women and children
37 Austrian propaganda; Text announces the fourth bond drive
38 Summary: Poster shows a medieval knight with the Austrian Imperial eagle on his tunic, standing in front of an Austrian banner, with his sword raised as if about to strike. Text tells people to subscribe to the 5th War Loan at the Živnostenská bank in Prague or one of the branch banks.
40 WWI Propaganda Project Can be from the perspective of any country involved (include translations)You are creating your own, NOT recreating someone else’s propagandaMust be neat, legible, creative, and organizedI am not grading on artistic ability, I am grading on your ability to understand the characteristics of propaganda and how they were used during WWIThis is worth 40 points and due Monday 4/28!