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“STUFF” What exactly is matter?. A. makes up everything in the universe.

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Presentation on theme: "“STUFF” What exactly is matter?. A. makes up everything in the universe."— Presentation transcript:

1 “STUFF” What exactly is matter?

2 A. makes up everything in the universe.

3 B. can change properties. Water Ice

4 C. is made up of three principal different states gas liquid solid

5 D. has properties of hardness texture shape temperature and much more

6 2. What is matter made of? Elements Pure substances that can’t be broken down oxygen = O 2 table salt, sugar Compounds Pure substance made of 2 or more elements Carbon + 2 Oxygen = Carbon Dioxide CO 2 Hydrogen + Oxygen = H 2 O A. PURE SUBSTANCES: 1 kind of matter

7 What is matter made of? B. NOT A PURE SUBSTANCE Mixtures - 2 or more substances mixed together not chemically combined Substances keep their properties Solutions are the “best-mixed” mixture

8 Changes in Matter Physical change: alters the form, but not its identity Chemical change: a substance that changes or combines to form a new substance Chemical activity: the ability of a substance to change

9 Testing your knowledge…. In the photos, can you tell which is an element, compound, or mixture. Review: An element contains just one type of atom. A compound contains two or more different atoms joined together. A mixture contains two or more different substances that are only physically joined together, not chemically. A mixture can contain both elements and compounds.

10 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Rocks

11 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Rocks

12 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Copper

13 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Copper

14 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Jelly Beans

15 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Jelly Beans

16 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Table Sugar

17 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Table Sugar

18 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Diamond

19 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Diamond

20 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Tea

21 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Tea

22 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Salt

23 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Salt

24 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Neon Gas

25 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Neon Gas

26 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Salad

27 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Salad

28 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Pure Water

29 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Pure Water

30 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Aluminum

31 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Aluminum

32 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Lemonade

33 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Lemonade

34 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Silver

35 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Silver

36 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Sand

37 Element, Compound, or Mixture? Sand

38

39 Notes Detailed notes are located at: compounds-mixtures-notes-isn.pdf Flow Chart: isn.pdf


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