Presentation on theme: " Main Idea: The Eastern Roman Empire grew rich and powerful as the Western Roman Empire Fell."— Presentation transcript:
Main Idea: The Eastern Roman Empire grew rich and powerful as the Western Roman Empire Fell.
Lecture Focus: Think of your own community, how have groups of people from different backgrounds contributed to its character.
Greeks made up the Empire’s largest group, but many other peoples were found within the Empire. Those included were Egyptians, Syrians, Arabs, Armenians, Jews, Persians, Slavs and Turks…a very diverse group of people
Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to a new city called Constantinople. Constantine's city became the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
By 500 C.E., Constantinople was thriving and had become one of the worlds great cities.
One reason for Constantinople’s success was its location, it lay on the water ways between the Black Sea (N E) and the Aegean Sea (S W) Its harbors offered a safe shelter for fishing boats, trade ships and warships.
Constantinople also sat at the crossroads of trade routes between Europe and Asia. The trade that passed through made the city extremely wealthy.
Constantinople had a secure land location, lying on a peninsula, the city could be easily defended. Seas protected it on three sides and on the fourth side, a huge wall was built to guard the city.
Later a huge chain was even strung across the city’s north harbor for greater protections. Constantinople could not be taken by invaders easily.
Questions: What Roman Emperor moved his capital city? Emperor Constantine What was the name of this city? Constantinople What were the names of the two seas in which this city was between? The Black Sea and the Aegean Sea What so perfectly protected the city from invaders? Seas protected the city on three sides and a huge wall on the fourth side
The Byzantines at first followed the Roman Ways. Constantinople was known as “New Rome” and its public buildings and palaces were built in a Roman style.
The city even had an oval arena called the Hippodrome, where chariot races and other events were held.
Byzantine political and social life also were based on that of Rome. Emperors spoke Latin and enforced Roman Laws.
The empire’s poor people received free bread and shows of entertainment. Wealthy people lived in town or on large farming estates…in fact many of these wealthy people had once lived in Rome.
As time passed, the Byzantine Empire became less Roman and more Greek. Most Byzantines spoke Greek and honored their Greek past.
Byzantine Emperors and officials began to speak Greek as well… Some ideas also came from the Egyptians and the Slavs, though not as much as Greece.
Some other customs came from Persia into the Byzantine Empire. All of these cultures blended together to form a unique Byzantine Civilization.
Between 500 C.E. and 1200 C.E., the Byzantines had one of the world’s richest and most advances Empires.
Questions: What was Constantinople known as? “New Rome” As time passed the Byzantine Empire became less Roman and more like ____________? Greek What other countries and empires had an influence on the Byzantine Empire? Egypt, Persia and Slavs
Reading Check: Why do you think the Byzantine Empire had such a blending of such different cultures? Answer in 2-3 well written sentences…