Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Roaring 20s.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Roaring 20s."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Roaring 20s

2 News Women Gain Rights, Fashion, and Flappers
Prohibition Goes into Effect Benito Mussolini New Prime Minister of Italy Mohandas Gandhi Sent to Jail Hitler and His Beer Hall Putsch Lucky Lindy and the Spirit of St. Louis Sacco and Vanzetti Go to Court Scopes Monkey Trial

3 1920: 19th Amendment Passed Suffrage granted to women…Britain follows in 1923 Matrimonial Clauses Act…Men and Women Equal in Divorce Women Adopt New Image Short Hair and Skirts Archbishop of Naples (Italy) Blames Earthquake on It Cars Get Electrical Starters…Who Needs a Man Now? Women Smoke in Public and Wear Cosmetics Colleges and High Schools Open to Both Genders

4 National News, Vol. 1 Women Gain Rights, Fashion, and Flappers
Picketing outside of the White House, suffragettes like Alice Paul were arrested and force-fed when they went on a hunger strike. But after the passage of the 19th Amendment, they had their political beaus.

5 Fashion Fads

6 Betty Boop Take a Hike

7 What Was Womanhood?

8 Were They a Reflection of the Age?
Homes Change with Technology Entertainment Goes “Wild” Politics Evolve It’s the Economy, Stupid

9 Home of the 20s

10 Leisure Time and Entertainment

11 Art Changed

12 Literature of a Lost Generation

13 Arts Roundup Walt Disney presents Mickey Mouse in Steamboat Willie
Earnest Hemingway publishes The Sun Also Rises T.S. Elliot writes free-verse poem, The Waste Land George Gershwin produces Rhapsody in Blue Charlie Chaplin stars in The Kid John Barrymore, Douglas Fairbanks, and Mary Pickford to star in flicks. Dr. Jeckel and Mr. Hyde released. The Jazz Singer, first talkie hits the screen. Europeans Stravinsky, Ravel, Shaw, Huxley, and Joyce redefine music and literature Oh, yeah. In Harlem, NYC, there was a renaissance among the negro folks

14 The Harlem Renaissance

15 Politics Gets Nastier

16 Presidents Are Anti-Heroes
Warren G Harding Calvin “Silent Cal” Coolidge Herbert Hoover

17 Tea Pot Dome Scandal

18 Second Wave of the KKK


20 The Response

21 Nativists Oppose Smith in 1924

22 KKK Anti-Immigration Poster

23 Immigrants Take a Beating



26 Red Scare Anti-Immigrant Anti-Socialist Anti-Communist Anti-Catholic
Anti-Semitic Anti-Anarchist Anti-Labor Anti-Urban

27 Response to WASPs—a fading majority

28 An Appeal to Fear

29 Pseudo-Nationalistic Themes

30 American Protection Association
Noble men are in our ranks— We are not a band of cranks— We are not a lot of bigots or of fools. But, ye Roman Catholic hordes, We will buckle on our swords, If you dare to meddle with our public schools. Dare to be an A.P.A. Dare to stand alone. Dare to work for freedom’s cause. Dare to make it known. Come ye sons of Uncle Sam, Come join the gallant band. Come unite with us to fight our country’s foe. For our God is with the right. We will conquer by His might, And Slick and wily Jesuit must go.

31 Excuses, Excuses, Excuses
A. Palmer Mitchell, US Attorney-General prosecutes suspected anti-Americans Loyalty questioned of any and all Southern and Eastern European immigrants Stem from Russian Revolution by Bolsheviks (Communists) US troops tried to restore Romanov family after WWI

32 Economy: From Boom to Bust

MISC. Laborer $1306 Motel Room $5 per person New Small Car $1000 Man’s Coat $14 Baseball Bat $1.50 Clerk $1647 Deluxe Room $10 pp and up Small Truck $1400 Quality Dress $15 Pencil $ .01 Foreman $2254 Deluxe Dinner Gasoline $ .20 per gallon Man’s Shirt $1 Hardcover Book Carpenter $1808 Good Lunch $ .75 Deluxe Car $7000 Ladies Work Dress $5 3-cell Flashlight $2 Conductor $2971 Loaf of Bread $ .25 Used Car $250 Winter Boots $6 Excellent cigar $ .20 General $6347 Quart of Milk $ .15 Local Bus $ .05 Casual Sports Jacket $12 Mule $100

34 Era of Conspicuous Consumption

35 Prosperity Turned Sour
America fed the world during the Great War After the War soldiers returned to the fields American goods were less needed Prices decreased Farmers earned less, but had the same expenses Farmed harder, bought less finished products Factories laid off workers or closed City workers has less to spend and repay credit More closures of factories, banks, and stores

36 Stock Market Crash—October 29, 1929

37 The Government is Laissez Faire

38 Then Mother Nature Attacks
The Dust Bowl

39 Ordinary Folks Are Hit Hard

40 And Still No Government Help to the People

41 Prohibition Goes Into Effect
The “Noble Experiment” Passage of the 18th Amendment (1919) Cure for All Evils of Society Crooked Politicians Child and Wife Abuse Failure of Immigrants to Assimilate Experiment Failure Organized Crime Speakeasies Moonshiners

42 Motivation: Chicago

43 Both Sides of the Question
Can we legislate morality? Is alcohol a cause or effect of societal problems? How can we predict consequence of rules?

44 A Long History of Temperance: Carrie Nation
Issue of alcohol, drugs, tobacco and gun control is common in reform movements from the Great Awakenings to the present. Usually taken up by WASP women and Fundamentalist groups in the Northeast and the Southern Bible Belt

45 For Every Action, There is an Equal and Opposite Reaction
NYC has 32,000 Speakeasies operating during Prohibition $60,000,000 made in 1927 by Al Capone from bootlegging Smuggling operations brings in booze from Canada, Mexico, and the West Indies Homemade “hooch” from wood alcohol leads to blindness, paralysis, and death

46 Criminal Activity and Defense
Northside Raid Federal Bureau of Investigation Founded

47 Capone’s Little Italy

48 On the International Scene

49 Benito Mussolini in Italy
Journalist, teacher, and father of five becomes Europe’s first Fascist dictator—Il Duce King Victor Emmanuel names Black Shirt leader Prime Minister after March on Rome in 1922 Brits and Frogs see peace ahead Italian children recruited for Il Duce

50 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Jailed
Gandhi, aka Mahatma “Great Soul”, imprisoned for resisting Brit control of India Pacifist uses non-violence and civil disobedience as protests India Act of 1919 not fast enough for former London law student and South African attorney

51 Adolph Hitler: Beer Hall Putsch
Angry Austrian corporal takes over National German Socialist Workingman’s Party Attempted coup in Bavaria results in arrest of Party’s Fuhrer Speech vows for revenge after Treaty of Versailles leaves Germans in financial woes Writes Mein Kampf in jail

52 International Dateline
Vladimir Ilyich Ulanov Lenin, USSR chief, dies under mysterious circumstance Joseph Stalin becomes Soviet dictator Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor born—baby girl to become future Brit queen Dancer Isadora Duncan suffocated in car accident Egypt granted independence from Brits Lebanon now a republic with dual Moslem/Christian leaders Sun Yat-sen takes over China from Manchu empire Immigrants Houdini and Valentino die in unrelated cases of peritonitis

53 Lucky Lindy Hops the Big Pond Solo

54 25 Year-Old Airmail Pilot Reaches France
05/20/1927 Charles Augustus Lindbergh touches down near Paris & meets 100,000 fans 2 French pilots die in earlier attempts June 1928: Amelia Earhart first to repeat feat

55 Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis
Celebrity leads to a fallen hero and the loss of his child

56 Lindbergh Baby Kidnapped
Child taken from home Parents out, babysitter suspected, but cleared Ransom paid, child found dead Bruno Hauptmann accused, found guilty, and executed Kidnapping becomes a federal capital offense

57 On the Legal Front…

58 Sacco and Vanzetti Combine a false charge and false witnesses
Add Red Scare and Crime for motivation/ impetus Toss in poverty Heat with fear of change Serve on suspicion for anything foreign Isolate as a preservative


60 The Radical Press Has Its Martyrs

61 They were convicted and executed.
Their charge was murder of a security guard during an attempted robbery Witnesses placed them elsewhere, but their testimony was discredited because of the politics of one of the witnesses. They were convicted and executed.

62 Monkey Trial in Tennessee

63 Substitute Bio Teacher Defies Law
John Scopes, a PE teacher, treats Darwin’s theory as fact Law demands teacher is incarcerated Fundamentalists and town boosters want a long, hot summer ACLU plot?

64 Physical Evidence Presented
1920s Revision 19th Century Version

65  Darrow v The Great Commoner 

66 Trial Makes a Mockery of Monkeys


68 News Briefs Diabetes beaten 1921—Charles Best discovers insulin
Albert Einstein awarded Nobel Prize in Physics Immunization against TB Vitamin E found by Evans and Bishop Vitamin C isolated by Szent-Gyorgyl Tutankhamen’s Tomb discovered in Egypt by Charles Carter and George Herbert Henry Ford’s plant rolls Model T out of Detroit BBC created after 1920 radio broadcasts heard Clarence Birdseye finds method to freeze food in the Antarctic John Baird introduces his TV; Charles Jenkins broadcasts in 1927 Alexander Fleming uses mold for penicillin and antibiotics First motel opens in CA Kodak introduces color 16mm film Babe Ruth hits 60 HR

69 Age of Normalcy End in Sight!

70 Cause and Effect Victorian, middle-class WASP and rural majority
Before the 1920s By the end of the 1920s Victorian, middle-class WASP and rural majority Industrialization was regulated and the primary source of US income World War I left the nation wanting peace and isolationism from foreign entanglements Good and bad were absolutes Hard Times hit every household Role of family and women were changed forever Education was available and expected Cities were increasingly more powerful and exotic European fascism was on the rise

71 Legacy of the 20s Questioning of gender, generation, and genetics
Technology and economics as motivation Debate on the role of government Change from rural to urban as the American way of life Morality is not absolute Hero has many meanings

Download ppt "The Roaring 20s."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google