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Question and Answer Samples and Techniques

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1 Question and Answer Samples and Techniques
Quiz Show Question and Answer Samples and Techniques

2 How to Use the Quiz Show Template
Choose a Question & Answer layout from the New Slide gallery Follow the placeholder prompts and fill in your actual questions and answers View the presentation in slide show to see the animations that reveal the answers Suggested Uses: Reinforcing teaching through audience participation Introduction to subject matter Recreational gatherings

3 Match the police powers
Police Department Schools Sheriff State Highways Highway Patrol Local Police SBI County or Jurisdiction SRO Assists local law agencies with criminal investigations

4 What do these agencies do?
Homeland Security Environmental protection DEA Apprehend federal fugitives Marshal Service Prevent terrorist attacks FBI Enforce controlled substances laws EPA Law Enforcement Agency

5 The three branches of government are the senate, executive, and judicial branches

6 English common law is a result of custom-based laws being unified by courts in England

7 What is statutory law? act of a legislature that declares, prescribes, or commands something specific law, expressed in writing. Local statutes or laws are usually called "ordinances.“

8 Case law is based on appealed cases and new rules in deciding the appealed case as well as similar future cases

9 Which is not a ethical rule
The Golden Rule Greatest Good Voting Based Consequential Reasoning Rule Based

10 What is the supreme law of the land?
The U.S. Constitution

11 What are the three levels of Federal Courts?
Supreme Court Court of Appeals District Courts

12 What is not a level of the State court system?
Superior Court Supreme Court Court of Appeals Maritime Court District Court

13 Trial Procedures Criminal Cases
Criminal Cases Arrest a person who has allegedly committed a felony offense or a serious misdemeanor offense that does not meet the requirements for a person to be released on a signature summons. Initial Bail the arrested person is taken before a magistrate and based on the charge, circumstances and the offenders prior criminal record, the magistrate sets an initial bail-bond amount in order for the person charged to be released. Arraignment/Initial Hearing the charged person is brought before a judge to determine probable cause to have the case heard by a grand jury for possible indictment (if a felony charge). This arraignment is also used to change or set any bail requirements. Criminal Cases Arrest-a person who has allegedly committed a felony offense or a serious misdemeanor offense that does not meet the requirements for a person to be released on a signature summons. Initial Bail-the arrested person is taken before a magistrate and based on the charge, circumstances and the offenders prior criminal record, the magistrate sets an initial bail-bond amount in order for the person charged to be released. Arraignment/Initial Hearing-the charged person is brought before a judge to determine probable cause to have the case heard by a grand jury for possible indictment (if a felony charge). This arraignment is also used to change or set any bail requirements.

14 Trial Procedures (Continued)
Criminal Cases (continued) Grand Jury panel of eighteen citizens randomly drawn from the same pool as those selected for jury duty for a trial determine if probable cause exists for the case to go to trial Criminal Cases (continued) Grand Jury-a panel of eighteen citizens that is randomly drawn from the same pool as those selected for jury duty for a trial. Criminal cases are presented for a grand jury to determine if probable cause exists for the case to go to trial.

15 Civil Cases Complainant (Plaintiff) person or entity bringing or filing the lawsuit. Defendant person or entity against which the lawsuit is brought Complaint initial pleading by which a lawsuit is begun Answer response to a civil complaint Summons issued by the Clerk of Court official notice of the lawsuit Pleadings papers requesting something or responding to a request that are filed in the case, including the complaint and answer Complainant (Plaintiff)- The person or entity bringing or filing the lawsuit. Defendant- The person or entity against which the lawsuit is brought Complaint-The initial pleading by which a lawsuit is begun Answer- The response to a civil complaint Summons- Issued by the Clerk of Court usually at the time of filing the complaint, and is the official notice of the lawsuits Pleadings- General term used to refer to papers requesting something or responding to a request that are filed in the case, including the complaint and answer

16 Trial Procedures Steps to a Trial (Criminal and Civil) Jury Selection attorneys for both prosecution (plaintiff if civil) are allowed to strike a specific number of jurors without justification referred to as Voir dire Opening Statement beginning of the trial limited to outlining facts set the basic scene for the jurors introduce them to the core dispute(s) in the case provide a general road map of how the trial is expected to unfold Steps to a Trial (Criminal and Civil) Jury Selection-attorneys for both prosecution (plaintiff if civil) are allowed to strike a specific number of jurors without justification. Thisis referred to as Voir dire. Voir dire-is a French term which means “to speak the truth.” The goals of voir dire are exactly that: 1) to get potential jurors speaking about themselves, their beliefs, biases and opinions; and 2) to elicit truthful and complete answers from the potential jurors Opening Statement- The opening statement at the beginning of the trial is limited to outlining facts. This is each party's opportunity to set the basic scene for the jurors, introduce them to the core dispute(s) in the case, and provide a general road map of how the trial is expected to unfold

17 Steps to a Trial (Criminal and Civil)
Testimony declaration by a witness under oath, as that given before a court or deliberative body Evidence Presentation Item such as a coroner's report, a weapon in a criminal case or photographs in a civil case that can help corroborate or refute the testimony of other witnesses Closing Arguments opportunity to remind jurors about key evidence presented and to persuade them to adopt an interpretation favorable to each sides position Jury Instructions given by the trial judge specifically state what the defendant can be found guilty of and what the prosecution or plaintiff has to prove in order for a guilty verdict. Testimony-A declaration by a witness under oath, as that given before a court or deliberative body. Evidence- Item such as a coroner's report, a weapon in a criminal case or photographs in a civil case that can help corroborate or refute the testimony of other witnesses. Closing Arguments-Closing arguments are each parties’ principal opportunity to remind jurors about key evidence presented and to persuade them to adopt an interpretation favorable to their position Jury Instructions-instructions that are given by the trial judge that specifically state what the defendant can be found guilty of and what the prosecution or plaintiff has to prove in order for a guilty verdict.

18 Steps to a Trial (Criminal and Civil)
Jury Deliberation jury is charged to find the defendant guilty or not guilty in criminal case by all 12 members in civil case by the majority of the jurors in a civil trial Verdict/Sentence in a criminal trial the jury must make a decision beyond a reasonable doubt in a civil trial the jury must make a decision by a preponderance of the evidence. in a civil case the verdict is sometimes called a judgment.

19 1.03A-Understand Criminal Laws

20 Elements of Crime Criminal Act-an act that is punishable offense against society Elements of Criminal Acts Whether you were aware of your duty to do or not to do a specific thing Whether you performed an act or omission on violation of that duty Whether or not you had criminal intent Required state of mind- means the defendant intended to commit the act and intended to do evil Duty-it is everyone's duty to know the law and to conform their conduct to the law Violation of Duty-the specific conduct that violates the statute

21 Basic Crime Classifications
Felony-A felony is a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a state prison or by a fine more than a $1000, or both. Misdemeanor-a less serious crime that is usually punishable in a local jail for less than one year, or by a fine or both. Infraction-An infraction is a noncriminal violation of law not punishable by imprisonment

22 Crimes Murder-the intentional killing of another person 1st Degree Murder-willful, deliberate, and premeditated killing of another person either directly or through another felonious act 2nd Degree Murder-An inherently dangerous act or omission, done in such a reckless and wanton manner without regard for human life. Manslaughter-the killing of another person with malice or intent Robbery-the wrongful taking of property from another person by threat or the actual use of force, violence or a weapon 14‑17 Murder in the first and second degree defined; punishment. A murder which shall be perpetrated by means of a nuclear, biological, or chemical weapon of mass destruction as defined in G.S. 14‑288.21, poison, lying in wait, imprisonment, starving, torture, or by any other kind of willful, deliberate, and premeditated killing, or which shall be committed in the perpetration or attempted perpetration of any arson, rape or a sex offense, robbery, kidnapping, burglary, or other felony committed or attempted with the use of a deadly weapon shall be deemed to be murder in the first degree 2nd Degree Murder-(b) A murder other than described in subsection (a) of this section or in G.S shall be deemed second degree murder. Any person who commits second degree murder shall be punished as a Class B1 felon, except that a person who commits second degree murder shall be punished as a Class B2 felon in either of the following circumstances: (1) The malice necessary to prove second degree murder is based on an inherently dangerous act or omission, done in such a reckless and wanton manner as to manifest a mind utterly without regard for human life and social duty and deliberately bent on mischief.

23 Specific Crimes (continued)
Rape/Sex Offenses: Statutory Rape-if the defendant engages in a sexual act with another person who is 13, 14, or 15 years old and the defendant is at least six years older than the person Date Rape-a victim who is unconscious; or a victim who is physically unable to resist an act a sexual act or communicate unwillingness to submit to an act of vaginal intercourse or a sexual act

24 Crimes (continued) Assault
Simple Assault-is an attempt to commit a battery against another person Battery-is the unlawful touching or forceful striking of another person using a hand, a weapon or other instrument. Aggravated Assault-a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or uses a deadly weapon Note: N.C. Assault Statutes do not distinguish between assault and battery as both are included as part of the assault criminal statute.

25 Crimes (continued) Kidnapping-the unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will. Domestic Violence: N. C. Domestic Violence Laws 1. Domestic Victim Defined: 1. Are current or former spouses 2. Are persons of opposite sex who live together or have lived together 3. Are related as parents and children, 4. Are current or former household members 5. Are persons of the opposite sex who are in a dating relationship or have been in a dating relationship

26 Crimes (continued) (Domestic Violence continued) Criminal Law Process-Requirements: Domestic violence means the commission of one or more of the following acts: 1. Attempting to cause bodily injury, or intentionally causing bodily injury 2. Placing the aggrieved party or a member of the aggrieved party's family or household in fear of imminent serious bodily injury or continued harassment Universal Citation: NC Gen Stat § 50B-1 50B‑1. Domestic violence; definition. (a) Domestic violence means the commission of one or more of the following acts upon an aggrieved party or upon a minor child residing with or in the custody of the aggrieved party by a person with whom the aggrieved party has or has had a personal relationship, but does not include acts of self‑defense: (1) Attempting to cause bodily injury, or intentionally causing bodily injury; or (2) Placing the aggrieved party or a member of the aggrieved party's family or household in fear of imminent serious bodily injury or continued harassment, as defined in G.S. 14‑277.3A, that rises to such a level as to inflict substantial emotional distress; or (3) Committing any act defined in G.S. 14‑27.2 through G.S. 14‑27.7. (b) For purposes of this section, the term "personal relationship" means a relationship wherein the parties involved: (1) Are current or former spouses; (2) Are persons of opposite sex who live together or have lived together; (3) Are related as parents and children, including others acting in loco parentis to a minor child, or as grandparents and grandchildren. For purposes of this subdivision, an aggrieved party may not obtain an order of protection against a child or grandchild under the age of 16; (4) Have a child in common; (5) Are current or former household members; (6) Are persons of the opposite sex who are in a dating relationship or have been in a dating relationship. For purposes of this subdivision, a dating relationship is one wherein the parties are romantically involved over time and on a continuous basis during the course of the relationship. A casual acquaintance or ordinary fraternization between persons in a business or social context is not a dating relationship. (c) As used in this Chapter, the term "protective order" includes any order entered pursuant to this Chapter upon hearing by the court or consent of the parties. (1979, c. 561, s. 1; 1985, c. 113, s. 1; 1987, c. 828; 1987 (Reg. Sess., 1988), c. 893, ss. 1, 3; 1995 (Reg. Sess., 1996), c. 591, s. 1; 1997‑471, s. 1; 2001‑518, s. 3; 2003‑107, s. 1; 2009‑58, s. 5.)

27 Specific Crimes (continued)
(Domestic Violence continued) Civil Law Process-Requirements: The court from specific facts shown, may enter an order as it deems necessary to protect the plaintiffs if there is a danger of acts of domestic violence against them from a defendant. Universal Citation: NC Gen Stat § 50B-2 50B‑2. Institution of civil action; motion for emergency relief; temporary orders; temporary custody. (a) Any person residing in this State may seek relief under this Chapter by filing a civil action or by filing a motion in any existing action filed under Chapter 50 of the General Statutes alleging acts of domestic violence against himself or herself or a minor child who resides with or is in the custody of such person. Any aggrieved party entitled to relief under this Chapter may file a civil action and proceed pro se, without the assistance of legal counsel. The district court division of the General Court of Justice shall have original jurisdiction over actions instituted under this Chapter. Any action for a domestic violence protective order requires that a summons be issued and served. The summons issued pursuant to this Chapter shall require the defendant to answer within 10 days of the date of service. Attachments to the summons shall include the complaint, notice of hearing, any temporary or ex parte order that has been issued, and other papers through the appropriate law enforcement agency where the defendant is to be served. No court costs shall be assessed for the filing, issuance, registration, or service of a protective order or petition for a protective order or witness subpoena in compliance with the Violence Against Women Act, 42 U.S.C. 3796gg‑5. (b) Emergency Relief. A party may move the court for emergency relief if he or she believes there is a danger of serious and immediate injury to himself or herself or a minor child. A hearing on a motion for emergency relief, where no ex parte order is entered, shall be held after five days' notice of the hearing to the other party or after five days from the date of service of process on the other party, whichever occurs first, provided, however, that no hearing shall be required if the service of process is not completed on the other party. If the party is proceeding pro se and does not request an ex parte hearing, the clerk shall set a date for hearing and issue a notice of hearing within the time periods provided in this subsection, and shall effect service of the summons, complaint, notice, and other papers through the appropriate law enforcement agency where the defendant is to be served. (c) Ex Parte Orders. Prior to the hearing, if it clearly appears to the court from specific facts shown, that there is a danger of acts of domestic violence against the aggrieved party or a minor child, the court may enter orders as it deems necessary to protect the aggrieved party or minor children from those acts provided, however, that a temporary order for custody ex parte and prior to service of process and notice shall not be entered unless the court finds that the child is exposed to a substantial risk of physical or emotional injury or sexual abuse. If the court finds that the child is exposed to a substantial risk of physical or emotional injury or sexual abuse, upon request of the aggrieved party, the court shall consider and may order the other party to stay away from a minor child, or to return a minor child to, or not remove a minor child from, the physical care of a parent or person in loco parentis, if the court finds that the order is in the best interest of the minor child and is necessary for the safety of the minor child. If the court determines that it is in the best interest of the minor child for the other party to have contact with the minor child or children, the court shall issue an order designed to protect the safety and well‑being of the minor child and the aggrieved party. The order shall specify the terms of contact between the other party and the minor child and may include a specific schedule of time and location of exchange of the minor child, supervision by a third party or supervised visitation center, and any other conditions that will ensure both the well‑being of the minor child and the aggrieved party. Upon the issuance of an ex parte order under this subsection, a hearing shall be held within 10 days from the date of issuance of the order or within seven days from the date of service of process on the other party, whichever occurs later. If an aggrieved party acting pro se requests ex parte relief, the clerk of superior court shall schedule an ex parte hearing with the district court division of the General Court of Justice within 72 hours of the filing for said relief, or by the end of the next day on which the district court is in session in the county in which the action was filed, whichever shall first occur. If the district court is not in session in said county, the aggrieved party may contact the clerk of superior court in any other county within the same judicial district who shall schedule an ex parte hearing with the district court division of the General Court of Justice by the end of the next day on which said court division is in session in that county. Upon the issuance of an ex parte order under this subsection, if the party is proceeding pro se, the Clerk shall set a date for hearing and issue a notice of hearing within the time periods provided in this subsection, and shall effect service of the summons, complaint, notice, order and other papers through the appropriate law enforcement agency where the defendant is to be served. (c1) Ex Parte Orders by Authorized Magistrate. The chief district court judge may authorize a magistrate or magistrates to hear any motions for emergency relief ex parte. Prior to the hearing, if the magistrate determines that at the time the party is seeking emergency relief ex parte the district court is not in session and a district court judge is not and will not be available to hear the motion for a period of four or more hours, the motion may be heard by the magistrate. If it clearly appears to the magistrate from specific facts shown that there is a danger of acts of domestic violence against the aggrieved party or a minor child, the magistrate may enter orders as it deems necessary to protect the aggrieved party or minor children from those acts, except that a temporary order for custody ex parte and prior to service of process and notice shall not be entered unless the magistrate finds that the child is exposed to a substantial risk of physical or emotional injury or sexual abuse. If the magistrate finds that the child is exposed to a substantial risk of physical or emotional injury or sexual abuse, upon request of the aggrieved party, the magistrate shall consider and may order the other party to stay away from a minor child, or to return a minor child to, or not remove a minor child from, the physical care of a parent or person in loco parentis, if the magistrate finds that the order is in the best interest of the minor child and is necessary for the safety of the minor child. If the magistrate determines that it is in the best interest of the minor child for the other party to have contact with the minor child or children, the magistrate shall issue an order designed to protect the safety and well‑being of the minor child and the aggrieved party. The order shall specify the terms of contact between the other party and the minor child and may include a specific schedule of time and location of exchange of the minor child, supervision by a third party or supervised visitation center, and any other conditions that will ensure both the well‑being of the minor child and the aggrieved party. An ex parte order entered under this subsection shall expire and the magistrate shall schedule an ex parte hearing before a district court judge by the end of the next day on which the district court is in session in the county in which the action was filed. Ex parte orders entered by the district court judge pursuant to this subsection shall be entered and scheduled in accordance with subsection (c) of this section. (c2) The authority granted to authorized magistrates to award temporary child custody pursuant to subsection (c1) of this section and pursuant to G.S. 50B‑3(a)(4) is granted subject to custody rules to be established by the supervising chief district judge of each judicial district. (d) Pro Se Forms. The clerk of superior court of each county shall provide to pro se complainants all forms that are necessary or appropriate to enable them to proceed pro se pursuant to this section. The clerk shall, whenever feasible, provide a private area for complainants to fill out forms and make inquiries. The clerk shall provide a supply of pro se forms to authorized magistrates who shall make the forms available to complainants seeking relief under subsection (c1) of this section. (1979, c. 561, s. 1; 1985, c. 113, ss. 2, 3; 1987 (Reg. Sess., 1988), c. 893, s. 2; 1989, c. 461, s. 1; 1994, Ex. Sess., c. 4, s. 1; 1997‑471, s. 2; 2001‑518, s. 4; 2002‑126, s. 29A.6(a); 2004‑186, ss. 17.2, 19.1; 2009‑342, s. 2.)

28 Crimes (continued) Burglary-Any person who breaks or enters any building with intent to commit any felony or larceny therein Larceny-Larceny of property where the value of the property or goods is not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) Vandalism-the willful or malicious damage to property either private or public. Arson-To willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid, counsel or procure the burning of any building or other structure of any type Embezzlement- Take, make away with or secrete, with intent to embezzle or fraudulently or knowingly and willfully misapply or convert to his own use, any money or items with monetary value. 14‑54. Breaking or entering buildings generally. (a) Any person who breaks or enters any building with intent to commit any felony or larceny therein shall be punished as a Class H felon. (b) Any person who wrongfully breaks or enters any building is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. (c) As used in this section, "building" shall be construed to include any dwelling, dwelling house, uninhabited house, building under construction, building within the curtilage of a dwelling house, and any other structure designed to house or secure within it any activity or property. (1874‑5, c. 166; 1879, c. 323; Code, s. 996; Rev., s. 3333; C.S., s. 4235; 1955, c. 1015; 1969, c. 543, s. 3; 1979, c. 760, s. 5; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1316, s. 47; 1981, c. 63, s. 1, c. 179, s. 14; 1993, c. 539, s. 26; 1994, Ex. Sess., c. 24, s. 14(c).) Larceny Larceny of property, or the receiving or possession of stolen goods knowing or having reasonable grounds to believe them to be stolen, where the value of the property or goods is not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) 14-67 Arson To willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid, counsel or procure the burning of any building or other structure of any type 14-90 Embezzlement Take, make away with or secrete, with intent to embezzle or fraudulently or knowingly and willfully misapply or convert to his own use, any money, goods or other chattels, bank note, check or order for the payment of money issued by or drawn on any bank or other corporation, or any treasury warrant, treasury note, bond or obligation for the payment of money issued by the United States or by any state, or any other valuable security whatsoever that (i) belongs to any other person or corporation, unincorporated association or organization or (ii) are closing funds as defined in G.S. 45A‑3, which shall have come into his possession or under his care

29 Specific Crimes (continued)
Fraud-when a person or a business uses deception to obtain money or property. Money Laundering-When illegally obtained money is put into or through a business to hide it’s origin Forgery-placing a false signature on a check or other document in order to deceive or deprive someone of their property Treason-giving aid and comfort to enemies of the United States Perjury-occurs when a person under oath lies during a court or administrative process Obstruction of Justice-occurs when a persons does something that hinders the court to move forward in a case Bribery-is giving money or property to a public official in exchange for a favor Contempt of Court-occurs when a person ignores a court order or shows a lack of respect for the court

30 1.03B-Understand Civil Laws

31 Civil Laws Tort-is a private wrong committed by one person against another Elements of a Tort 1. Duty-the obligation to use a reasonable standard of care to prevent injury to others 2. Breach-when you breach or break, your duty to another person 3. Causation-means that breach of duty caused the injury 1. Proximate Cause-when it is reasonably foreseeable that a breach of duty will result in an injury. 2. Vicarious Liability-when one person is liable for the torts of another 4. Actual Harm-The victim suffers an injury, has property destroyed or loses a lot of money.

32 Civil Laws Most Common Torts Assault-occurs when one person intentionally puts another in reasonable fear of an offensive or harmful bodily contact Battery-the harmful or offensive touching of another False Imprisonment-the intentional confinement of a person against the person’s will and without the lawful ability to do so Defamation-a false statement that injures a persons’ reputation or good name Invasion of Privacy-uninvited intrusion into a persons’ personal relationships and activities Trespass to Land-entry onto the property of another without consent Conversion-when property is stolen, destroyed or used in a manner that is inconsistent with an owner’s rights

33 Civil Law Common Torts (continued) Interference with Contracts-if a third party encourages a breach in any way, then that third party may be liable in tort Fraud-occurs when there is an intentional misrepresentation of an existing important fact (that is a lie) which causes the victim to give up a right or something of value

34 Civil Law Negligence-is a tort that results when one person carelessly injures another. It is an accidental tort and requires no intent. Elements of Negligence 1) The defendant owed the plaintiff a duty of care 2) The defendant breached that duty by being careless 3) The defendant’s carelessness was the proximate cause of harm 4) The plaintiff was really hurt by the defendant’s carelessness.

35 Civil Law Defenses to Negligence
Contributory Negligence-a defense whenever the defendant can show that the victim did something that helped cause his or her own injuries Comparative Negligence-a defense that is raised when the carelessness of each party compared to the other party’s carelessness Assumption of Risk-a defense raised when the plaintiff knew of the risk involved and still took the chance (assumed risk) of being injured

36 Civil Law Civil Remedies Court Injunctions- is a court order that prevents a party from performing a specific act and may be temporary of permanent Damages-is a payment recovered in court by a person who has suffered an injury

37 Civil Law Alternative Dispute Resolution-occurs when parties try and resolve a disagreement outside of the usual court system Mediation-occurs when parties to a dispute invite a mediator, to help solve the problem *Advantage-final decision remains in the hands of the parties Arbitration-giving the power to settle their dispute to a third party. *Advantage-often results in a fair solution because the decision is in the hands of an objective third party


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