Presentation on theme: "Question and Answer Samples and Techniques. How to Use the Quiz Show Template Choose a Question & Answer layout from the New Slide gallery Follow the."— Presentation transcript:
How to Use the Quiz Show Template Choose a Question & Answer layout from the New Slide gallery Follow the placeholder prompts and fill in your actual questions and answers View the presentation in slide show to see the animations that reveal the answers Suggested Uses: –Reinforcing teaching through audience participation –Introduction to subject matter –Recreational gatherings
Police Department Sheriff Highway Patrol SBI SRO Schools State Highways Local Police County or Jurisdiction Assists local law agencies with criminal investigations Match the police powers
Homeland Security DEA Marshal Service FBI EPA Environmental protection Apprehend federal fugitives Prevent terrorist attacks Enforce controlled substances laws Law Enforcement Agency What do these agencies do?
TRUE or FALSE? The three branches of government are the senate, executive, and judicial branches
TRUE or FALSE? English common law is a result of custom- based laws being unified by courts in England
What is not a level of the State court system? District Court Superior Court Court of Appeals Supreme Court Maritime Court
Trial Procedures Criminal Cases Arrest a person who has allegedly committed a felony offense or a serious misdemeanor offense that does not meet the requirements for a person to be released on a signature summons. Initial Bail the arrested person is taken before a magistrate and based on the charge, circumstances and the offenders prior criminal record, the magistrate sets an initial bail-bond amount in order for the person charged to be released. Arraignment/Initial Hearing the charged person is brought before a judge to determine probable cause to have the case heard by a grand jury for possible indictment (if a felony charge). This arraignment is also used to change or set any bail requirements.
Trial Procedures (Continued) Criminal Cases (continued) Grand Jury panel of eighteen citizens randomly drawn from the same pool as those selected for jury duty for a trial determine if probable cause exists for the case to go to trial
Civil Cases Complainant (Plaintiff) person or entity bringing or filing the lawsuit. Defendant person or entity against which the lawsuit is brought Complaint initial pleading by which a lawsuit is begun Answer response to a civil complaint Summons issued by the Clerk of Court official notice of the lawsuit Pleadings papers requesting something or responding to a request that are filed in the case, including the complaint and answer
Trial Procedures Steps to a Trial (Criminal and Civil) Jury Selection attorneys for both prosecution (plaintiff if civil) are allowed to strike a specific number of jurors without justification referred to as Voir dire Opening Statement beginning of the trial limited to outlining facts set the basic scene for the jurors introduce them to the core dispute(s) in the case provide a general road map of how the trial is expected to unfold
Steps to a Trial (Criminal and Civil) Testimony declaration by a witness under oath, as that given before a court or deliberative body Evidence Presentation Item such as a coroner's report, a weapon in a criminal case or photographs in a civil case that can help corroborate or refute the testimony of other witnesses Closing Arguments opportunity to remind jurors about key evidence presented and to persuade them to adopt an interpretation favorable to each sides position Jury Instructions given by the trial judge specifically state what the defendant can be found guilty of and what the prosecution or plaintiff has to prove in order for a guilty verdict.
Steps to a Trial (Criminal and Civil) Jury Deliberation jury is charged to find the defendant guilty or not guilty in criminal case by all 12 members in civil case by the majority of the jurors in a civil trial Verdict/Sentence in a criminal trial the jury must make a decision beyond a reasonable doubt in a civil trial the jury must make a decision by a preponderance of the evidence. in a civil case the verdict is sometimes called a judgment.
Elements of Crime Criminal Act-an act that is punishable offense against society –Elements of Criminal Acts 1)Whether you were aware of your duty to do or not to do a specific thing 2)Whether you performed an act or omission on violation of that duty 3)Whether or not you had criminal intent Required state of mind- means the defendant intended to commit the act and intended to do evil
Basic Crime Classifications Felony-A felony is a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a state prison or by a fine more than a $1000, or both. Misdemeanor-a less serious crime that is usually punishable in a local jail for less than one year, or by a fine or both. Infraction-An infraction is a noncriminal violation of law not punishable by imprisonment
Crimes Murder-the intentional killing of another person 1 st Degree Murder-willful, deliberate, and premeditated killing of another person either directly or through another felonious act 2 nd Degree Murder-An inherently dangerous act or omission, done in such a reckless and wanton manner without regard for human life. Manslaughter-the killing of another person with malice or intent Robbery-the wrongful taking of property from another person by threat or the actual use of force, violence or a weapon
Specific Crimes (continued) Rape/Sex Offenses: Statutory Rape-if the defendant engages in a sexual act with another person who is 13, 14, or 15 years old and the defendant is at least six years older than the person Date Rape-a victim who is unconscious; or a victim who is physically unable to resist an act a sexual act or communicate unwillingness to submit to an act of vaginal intercourse or a sexual act
Crimes (continued) Assault Simple Assault-is an attempt to commit a battery against another person Battery-is the unlawful touching or forceful striking of another person using a hand, a weapon or other instrument. Aggravated Assault-a person that i nflicts serious injury upon another person or uses a deadly weapon Note: N.C. Assault Statutes do not distinguish between assault and battery as both are included as part of the assault criminal statute.
Crimes (continued) Kidnapping-the unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will. Domestic Violence: N. C. Domestic Violence Laws 1. Domestic Victim Defined: 1. Are current or former spouses 2. Are persons of opposite sex who live together or have lived together 3. Are related as parents and children, 4. Are current or former household members 5. Are persons of the opposite sex who are in a dating relationship or have been in a dating relationship
Crimes (continued) (Domestic Violence continued) Criminal Law Process-Requirements: Domestic violence means the commission of one or more of the following acts: 1. Attempting to cause bodily injury, or intentionally causing bodily injury 2. Placing the aggrieved party or a member of the aggrieved party's family or household in fear of imminent serious bodily injury or continued harassment
Specific Crimes (continued) (Domestic Violence continued) Civil Law Process-Requirements: The court from specific facts shown, may enter an order as it deems necessary to protect the plaintiffs if there is a danger of acts of domestic violence against them from a defendant.
Crimes (continued) Burglary-Any person who breaks or enters any building with intent to commit any felony or larceny therein Larceny-Larceny of property where the value of the property or goods is not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) Vandalism-the willful or malicious damage to property either private or public. Arson-To willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid, counsel or procure the burning of any building or other structure of any type Embezzlement- Take, make away with or secrete, with intent to embezzle or fraudulently or knowingly and willfully misapply or convert to his own use, any moneyor items with monetary value.
Specific Crimes (continued) Fraud-when a person or a business uses deception to obtain money or property. Money Laundering-When illegally obtained money is put into or through a business to hide it’s origin Forgery-placing a false signature on a check or other document in order to deceive or deprive someone of their property Treason-giving aid and comfort to enemies of the United States Perjury-occurs when a person under oath lies during a court or administrative process Obstruction of Justice-occurs when a persons does something that hinders the court to move forward in a case Bribery-is giving money or property to a public official in exchange for a favor Contempt of Court-occurs when a person ignores a court order or shows a lack of respect for the court
Civil Laws Tort-is a private wrong committed by one person against another Elements of a Tort 1. Duty-the obligation to use a reasonable standard of care to prevent injury to others 2. Breach-when you breach or break, your duty to another person 3. Causation-means that breach of duty caused the injury 1. Proximate Cause-when it is reasonably foreseeable that a breach of duty will result in an injury. 2. Vicarious Liability-when one person is liable for the torts of another 4. Actual Harm-The victim suffers an injury, has property destroyed or loses a lot of money.
Civil Laws Most Common Torts Assault-occurs when one person intentionally puts another in reasonable fear of an offensive or harmful bodily contact Battery-the harmful or offensive touching of another False Imprisonment-the intentional confinement of a person against the person’s will and without the lawful ability to do so Defamation-a false statement that injures a persons’ reputation or good name Invasion of Privacy-uninvited intrusion into a persons’ personal relationships and activities Trespass to Land-entry onto the property of another without consent Conversion-when property is stolen, destroyed or used in a manner that is inconsistent with an owner’s rights
Civil Law Common Torts (continued) Interference with Contracts-if a third party encourages a breach in any way, then that third party may be liable in tort Fraud-occurs when there is an intentional misrepresentation of an existing important fact (that is a lie) which causes the victim to give up a right or something of value
Civil Law Negligence-is a tort that results when one person carelessly injures another. It is an accidental tort and requires no intent. Elements of Negligence 1) The defendant owed the plaintiff a duty of care 2) The defendant breached that duty by being careless 3) The defendant’s carelessness was the proximate cause of harm 4) The plaintiff was really hurt by the defendant’s carelessness.
Civil Law Defenses to Negligence Contributory Negligence-a defense whenever the defendant can show that the victim did something that helped cause his or her own injuries Comparative Negligence-a defense that is raised when the carelessness of each party compared to the other party’s carelessness Assumption of Risk-a defense raised when the plaintiff knew of the risk involved and still took the chance (assumed risk) of being injured
Civil Law Civil Remedies Court Injunctions- is a court order that prevents a party from performing a specific act and may be temporary of permanent Damages-is a payment recovered in court by a person who has suffered an injury
Civil Law Alternative Dispute Resolution-occurs when parties try and resolve a disagreement outside of the usual court system Mediation-occurs when parties to a dispute invite a mediator, to help solve the problem *Advantage-final decision remains in the hands of the parties Arbitration-giving the power to settle their dispute to a third party. *Advantage-often results in a fair solution because the decision is in the hands of an objective third party