Presentation on theme: "Robotics Safety Quiz Questions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Robotics Safety Quiz Questions Guohua Cui, Dan Zhang and Marc A. Rosen Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science University of Ontario Institute of Technology Oshawa, Ontario, Canada July 2014
2 Section 1---Quiz1. Nowadays, industrial robots have been widely introduced to many production lines, and can be used for elaborate work; however, they may cause hazards if sufficient precautions are not been provided.A. TrueB. False2. Which of the following statements describes a dangerous situation involving robot safety?A. Robots are increasingly being used in the industry to perform various types of dangerous tasks.B. A material handling robot is operating in its automatic mode and a worker overrides safety devices to enter the robot work cell.C. A maintenance person climbs over a safety fence after turning off the power to a robot in the fenced in area.3. Most accidents with robots occur during programming, maintenance, repair, setup and testing, and are associated with lack of training for employees and improper use of safeguards.
3 Section 1---Quiz4. If we can recognize and address hazards in the workplace, we can reduce worker fatalities, damage to equipment, production loss and damage to a company’s reputation.A. TrueB. False5. The first robot-induced fatal accident occurred in 1978 in which country?A. United StatesB. CanadaC. ChinaD. Japan6. Robotics safety operates under a set of principles, primarily related to how to protect humans from robot motions.
4 Section 2---Quiz 1. The definition of an industrial robot is: A. A mechanical device that can perform tasks without guidance by remote control.B. A mechanical device as an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes.C. A mechanical device, which cannot be programmed, for automatically performing tasks.D. None of the above2. Nowadays, the main types of robot include which of the following: A. Nano robots and service robotsB. Mobile robots and medical robotsC. Industrial robots and military robotsD. All of the above3. Industrial robots have many functions, such as material handling, assembly, arc welding, resistance welding, machine tool loading and unloading, painting and spraying.A. TrueB. False
5 Section 2---Quiz4. Industrial robots are designed and fabricated with different design configurations and a different number of axes or degrees of freedom.A. TrueB. False5. A cylindrical robot has ______ linear axis (axes) and one rotary axis around its origin.A. oneB. twoC. threeD. none6. A spherical or polar robot has _______ linear axis (axes) and two rotary axes.
6 Section 2---Quiz7. Robots are controlled through the use of sensors that continually monitor the robot's axes and associated components for position and velocity.A. TrueB. False8. ________ are the most versatile robots available. They closely mimic the natural form of the human arm.A. Snake arm robotsB. Articulated/Jointed-arm robotsC. Picker/Delta robotsD. Spherical robots9. An industrial robot system includes not only industrial robots but also some devices and/or sensors required for the robot to perform its tasks.
7 Section 2---Quiz10. Which of the following paths is not a classification of industrial robots according to generated paths? A. Continuous PathB. Point-to-Point PathC. Line to Line pathD. Controlled Path11. Which of the following are major components of an industrial robot? A. control system and mechanical unitB. mechanical unit and power sourceC. mechanical unit, power source and toolingD. control system, mechanical unit, power source and tooling12. The robot's manipulative arm is a _________.A. a type of toolingB. control systemC. power sourceD. mechanical unit
8 Section 2---Quiz13. Which of the following is a possible power source of the energy required by robots?A. Electrical powerB. Hydraulic powerC. Pneumatic powerD. All of the above14. A robot's drives are usually mechanical combinations powered by pneumatic, hydraulic or electrical power, and the power selection is usually based on application requirements.A. TrueB. False
9 Section 3---Quiz 1. Which of the following may result in a hazard? A. The overlap of a robot arm with other machines and equipment, especially during high-speed movements.B. The release of energy caused by flying parts.C. Human factors.D. All of the above.2. Designers and operators need to provide and implement technical safety measures for robot to reduce hazards.A. TrueB. False3. Which of the following may cause a collision accident?A. Failure of gripper mechanismB. Component malfunctions or unpredicted program changes related to the robot's arm.C. Equipment and power cables lay on the floor.
10 Section 3---Quiz4. Mechanical part accidents involve a breakdown of the robot's drive components. Which of the following is not a mechanical part accident? A. Breakdown of the robot's drive componentsB. failure of end-effector power toolsC. failure of gripper mechanismD. Component malfunctions5. Entry into a robot’s safeguarded area is hazardous because the person involved may not be familiar with the safeguards in place or their activation status.A. TrueB. False6. Compared with pneumatic power robots, which type of robot can be stopped easily and more safely quickly. A. Industrial robotB. Electrically powered robotsC. Hydraulic power robotD. None of the above
11 Section 3---Quiz7. Most robot-related accidents are caused by a robot in conjunction with people during programming, maintenance, repairing, setup and testing of the robot.A. TrueB. False8. Which of the following is a robotic incident? A. The power supplies to the robot are uncontrolledB. A robotic arm or controlled tool causes an accidentC. An individual is placed in a risk circumstance involving a robotD. All of the above9. A hazard is a source of potential harm, and an unwanted event is a potential situation where the hazard can take place.
12 Section 3---Quiz10. Which of the following can be categorized as an environmental hazard?A. Electromagnetic or radio-frequency interferenceB. Pneumatic power transmissionC. Errors in softwareD. Faulty or unexpected robot operation11. The best way to deal with hazards is to eliminate them. If that is not possible, then controls are needed to reduce the potential for harm from the risk.A. TrueB. False12. Which of the following hazards is caused by human error? A. Intrinsic faults within the control system of the robotB. Entry into a robot's safeguarded areaC. Cumulative mechanical part failureD. All of the above
13 Section 3---Quiz13. Equipment and power cables which lay on the floor may result in tripping hazards.A. TrueB. False14. When an immediate robot control-related threat has been resolved, regular reviews and auditing are required to ensure that the controls are effective and that they do not create a new hazard. 15. Which of the following phenomena may result in hazards from a robot?A. The robot’s high-speed movementsB. A release of energy caused by flying partsC. Susceptibility to influence by external errors such as electromagnetic compatibilityD. All of the above
14 Section 3---Quiz16. Which of the following should be considered comprehensively in order to avoid the inherent hazards when a robot or robot system is installed?A. Design and requirementsB. Utilities and facilitiesC. Layout of equipmentD. All of the above
15 Section 4---Quiz1. When working with industrial robots and installations, there is an emphasis on special operation modes, such as commissioning, setting up, programming, testing, checking, troubleshooting and maintenance. In these operating modes, persons are usually in a danger zone.A. TrueB. False2. Which of the following contribute to a potential hazard for a robot or robot system?A. Prevent manual or physical access into danger zones by means of mechanical barriersB. Permit manual or physical access only when the entire system is in a safe stateC. Use interlocking devices with closure mechanisms on the access doorsD. Enter the robot’s workspace when the robot is working3. Which of the following is necessary to enable the safety control system to automatically recognize the presence of personnel around a robot?A. Door interlocking devicesB. Light barriersC. Safety matsD. All of the above
16 Section 4---Quiz4. There is no danger in the process of robotic repair due to the fact that the robot has been stopped.A. TrueB. False5. With the application of robot technology, we should attach great importance to the maximum demand in the following aspects.A. Risk assessmentB. Hazard analysisC. Safety conceptsD. All of above6. Mechanical protection such as mechanical barriers can avoid any danger.7. Mechanical protections such as light barriers, safety mats and interlocking devices can prevent unwanted or unexpected accident, but not absolutely.
17 Section 4---Quiz8. Which of the following is not a suggested approach to safety to achieve the goal that no person should be injured as a result of a release of energy?A. Ensure designs prevent any release of energy.B. Prevent the release of energy from the danger zone.C. Use a correspondingly dimensioned safety hood.D. None of above.9. When an industrial robot is in a dangerous mode of operation, a safety control system should make instantaneous adjustments and direct the robot from a hazardous state to a safe state.A. TrueB. False10. A relevant safety goal is that no robot movements should endanger persons involved in working with or near the robot. To support this goal, robot movements should be ________A. Only of the scheduled style and speed.B. Prolonged only as long as instructed.C. performed only if it can be ensured that no parts of the human body are in the danger zone.D. All of the above
18 Section 4---Quiz11. Open-loop controllers execute robot movements with feedback.A. TrueB. False12. Closed-loop controllers execute robot movements with feedback devices and judge movement progress with sensors. Thus they can compensate for errors and improve control accuracy.
19 Section 5---Quiz1. With respect to robot safeguards, one should consider not only the design process and planning stage, but also the installation and subsequent operation.A. TrueB. False2. In order to ensure that a company has a safe robot system, one needs to consider almost every factor affecting safety. Some examples of such factors are:A. What is the overall reliability and safety of the system?B. What are the potential hazards of the robotic cell?C. What safeguarding technologies are available?D. All of the above3. Good planning, proper installation and ongoing support are paramount for a company to possess a reliable and safe robot system.
20 Section 5---Quiz4. When you design a safe robot system, you must first understand the fact that the hazards exist in the system.A. TrueB. False5. Once a hazard related to a robot and robot system has been identified, a risk assessment must be performed.6. Which of the following should a robot system design concept include at the minimum?A. Limits of the robot systemB. Task identification of the robot systemC. User considerations for the robot systemD. All of the above
21 Section 5---Quiz7. Robot system designers should understand current safeguarding technology and how this technology can also save them time and money and improve the reputation of a company, now and in the future.A. TrueB. False8. Two safeguarding methods include hard-guarding and optical perimeter guards. These can prevent personnel from entering a danger area, making perimeter guarding capable of avoiding accidents.9. What is a risk assessment?A. Identification of hazardsB. Analysis or evaluation of the risks associated with hazardsC. Determination of appropriate ways to eliminate or control hazardsD. The combination of the above three
22 Section 5---Quiz10. Which of the following protection measures is usually used in the restricted or operating space (on the inside)?A. Mechanical limiting devicesB. Interlocking devicesC. Light curtains and safety scannersD. Hard-guards11. Safeguarding devices such as safety scanners and light curtains must be located at a distance that provides adequate stopping time.A. TrueB. False12. To keep unnecessary personnel out of the restricted space of a robot cell, you may use perimeter guarding.
23 Section 5---Quiz13. Which of the following is not an awareness device?A. Chain barriers with supporting stanchionsB. Rope barriers with supporting stanchionsC. Flashing lights and signsD. Interlocked barriers14. Which of the following are not safeguarding devices?A. Mechanical limiting devicesB. Presence-sensing safeguarding devicesC. Flashing lights, signs, whistles, and hornsD. Fixed barriers15. For the planning stage, installation, and subsequent operation of a robot or robot system, one should consider the following:A. Safeguarding the teacher and attended continuous operation.B. Awareness devices, safeguarding devices and safety training.C. Maintenance, repair and operator safeguards.D. All of the above
24 Section 5---Quiz16. Which of the following statements does not have to do with perimeter guarding?A. Hard-guarding is a fencing-type solution.B. Optical perimeter guards (e.g. light curtains) are a more flexible approach for safeguarding.C. Area safety scanners are often used in the restricted or operating space.D. Optical perimeter guards are often used in combination with hard-guards.E. None of the above.17. While employers are responsible for the safe condition of tools and equipment in the workplace, workers are not responsible for maintaining tools.A. TrueB. False18. Training is essential for employee protection. An employer should train operators in the safe operation of mechanical presses and supervise operators.
25 Section 5---Quiz19. Providing health and safety information and training helps you:A. Ensure that people who work for you know how to work safely and without risks to healthB. Develop a positive health and safety cultureC. Perform your legal duty to protect the health and safety of your employeesD. All of the above20. The measures taken to safeguard a robot do not depend on the circumstances of its operation and surrounding environment.A. TrueB. False21. Fences are used to prevent workers from entering into a robot’s working space.
26 Section 5---Quiz22. What is the robot safeguard measure that can be observed in the following picture?A. Interlocking devicesB. Presence sensing devicesC. Perimeter-barrier-fencingD. Light curtains23. Which of the following is not an interlocking device?A. A key-operated interlocking deviceB. A guard-operated interlocking deviceC. A solenoid lockD. None of the above
27 Section 5---Quiz24. When an interlocking device is opened or removed, the tripping mechanism and/or power automatically shut off, and the machine cannot cycle or be started until the guard is back in place.A. TrueB. False25. Nowadays, presence sensing devices are widely used in robotic safety , Which of the following is not an presence sensing devices?A. Light curtainsB. A fixed barrierC. Laser scanning devicesD. Pressure-sensitive mats26. Pressure-sensitive mats can trigger an output/action if ________ is applied to the surface of a robot system.A. PressureB. ForceC. StrainD. Stress
28 Section 5---Quiz27. Mechanical limits are used to reduce the working area for the robot.A. TrueB. False28. Two-hand control devices require concurrent and continued use of both hands, preventing them from entering into the danger area.29. If a moving part comes in contact with an object, the _________ pressure sensitive edge is depressed and an output is triggered.A. rigidB. flexible30. __________ is for immediate stoppage of a machine in case of a hazard.A. A positive stopB. An emergency stopC. A general stopD. A brake
29 Section 5---Quiz31. A safe robot system normally has connections to external safety devices like door locks, light barriers and safety scanners, to ensure that the robot can be stopped in a safe way.A. TrueB. False32. In order to improve robot safety, the following steps are normally carried out:A. Use boundary warning devices, barriers, and interlocks around robot systems.B. Provide robot safety training to those employees working on the floor with robots.C. Provide operators with training relating to the particular robot(s) with which they work.D. All of the above33. Light curtains can shield against projectile hazards.
30 Section 5---Quiz34. The training of employees about robots should cover the following points.A. All hazards in the work areaB. Machine operating procedures, lockout procedures and safe work practicesC. The purpose of machine safeguardsD. All procedures for responding to safeguarding problemsE. All of the above35. ABB SafeMove, as a new generation of robot safety systems, has many advantages. Which of the following is an example?A. open a new era of man-machine collaborationB. save the space robot work spaceC. reduce purchasing cost for safety devicesD. all of the above36. SafeMove is an electronics- and software-based safety approach that ensures safe and predictable robot motion for the robot.A. TrueB. False
31 Section 5---Quiz37. SafeMove provides savings on floor space by restricting robot motion to precisely what is needed.A. TrueB. False38. Nowadays, robots and operators can collaborate much more closely. SafeMove enables operators and robots to work together without compromising on safety.39. The next generation of the robot safety is expected to provide additional advantages, such asA. Enabling collaborative applicationsB. Savings on safety equipmentC. Savings on floor spaceD. All of the above
32 Section 6---Quiz1. Some standards may provide performance requirements for the design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance of the safeguarding when applied to machine tools.A. TrueB. False2. What is the normal color of the mushroom-type push button that forms part of an emergency stop switch?A. YellowB. RedC. BlackD. White3. The new ISO standards for industrial robot safety are leading documents enabling the safe use of new technologies and the capabilities of new industrial robots.
33 Section 6---Quiz4. Which of the following types of safety regulations apply to robot systems in Europe?A. Z434-03B. ANSI RIAC. ISO 10218D. EN 775. Which of the following types of safety regulations apply to robot systems in the US?6. Which of the following types of safety regulations apply to robot systems in Canada?
34 Section 6---Quiz7. The ISO standard for the robot, and the ISO standard for robot systems and integration, were both published effective 1 July 2011.A. TrueB. False8. Which of the following lists are new features in ISO 10218?A. Cable-less pendants and control of simultaneous motion.B. Robot safety rated soft limits to define: restricted space, safety zones within the cell.C. Collaborative robots and synchronous robots.D. All of the above.9. In Canada, CAN/CSA-Z (R2008) applies to the manufacture, remanufacture, rebuild, installation, safeguarding, maintenance, repair, testing and start-up, as well as personnel training requirements for industrial robots and robot systems.
35 Section 6---Quiz10. Which of the following lists are highlights of CAN/CSA-Z :A. Includes safeguarding methods to enhance the safety of personnelB. Includes robot system integration/installationC. Provides guidance on personnel training requirementsD. All of the above.