5Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionShift in U.S. manufacturing to automation.Innovation and acceptance of robotic technology.Potential exposure to severe/fatal accidents.Recommendations for safe operation.
6Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionGuidelines for Robotics Safety“Both state and federal regulations deal with industrial robotics safety, including the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHA).”These guidelines are aimed at three aspects of the robotic work area:Keeping unauthorized persons outside of the work cell.Protecting workers from fixed machinery.And protecting workers from the robot itself.(Fuller, 1999).
7Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionGuidelines for Robotics Safety (continued)These regulations apply only to the normal operation of the robot(Fuller, 1999).Abnormal operation includes:Programming.Maintenance.
8Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionGuidelines for Robotics Safety (continued)“Recent studies in Sweden and Japan indicate that many robot accidents do not occur under normal operating conditions but rather during programming, adjustment, testing, cleaning, inspection, and repair periods. During many of these operations, the operator, programmer or corrective maintenance worker may temporarily be within the robot work envelope while power is available to moveable elements of the robot system.”STD – pub – Guidelines For Robotics Safety
9Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionSources for Guidelines/Recommendations:Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).Guidelines for Robotics Safety, STDIndustrial Robots and Robot System Safety – OSHA Technical Manual, TED A.
10Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionSources for Guidelines/Recommendations (continued):National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).Preventing the Injury of Workers by Robots, PUB No
11Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionSources for Guidelines/Recommendations (continued):American National Standards Institute (ANSI).Industrial Robots and Robot Systems – Safety Requirements, ANSI/RIZ RManufacturing Systems/Cells, ANSI B11.20.International Organization for Standardization (ISO).Safety of Integrated Manufacturing Systems, ISO
12Deploying Industrial Robotics IntroductionGuidelines/Recommendations SummarizedSources of robotic hazards.Accident types.Guarding methods and control devices.Installation, maintenance, and programming.Training and supervision of workers.
16Deploying Industrial Robotics Guarding Methods (continued)Interlocked barrier guards.Physical barrier around robot work envelope incorporating gates equipped with interlocks which will stop automatic operations when opened.Fixed barrier guards.A permanent fence requiring tools for removal.
17Deploying Industrial Robotics Guarding Methods (continued)Awareness barrier devices.Defines a safety perimeter intended to prevent inadvertent entry into the work envelope.Presence sensing devices.Detect a person stepping into a hazardous area near a robot.
18Deploying Industrial Robotics Guarding Methods (continued)Emergency stops.Dangerous robot movement is arrested by dynamic braking systems rather than simple power cut-off to counteract the effect of robot inertia.
19Deploying Industrial Robotics Guarding Methods (continued)Audible and visible warning systems.Not acceptable safeguard methods but may be used to enhance effectiveness of positive safeguards.Control devices.Located outside the robot work envelope.
21Deploying Industrial Robotics Installation, Maintenance and ProgrammingInstalled in accordance with manufacturer’s guidelines and applicable codes.Verify compatibility with environmental conditions.Power to robot conforms to manufacturer’s specifications.Robot is secured to prevent vibration movement and tip over.No additional hazards are created.
22Deploying Industrial Robotics Worker Training and SupervisionManagers.Operators.Engineers.Programmers.Maintenance personnel.Bystanders.
23Deploying Industrial Robotics Worker Training and Supervision (continued)Safe operation.Maintenance.Emergency procedures.Shut down controls.Inspection of safeguards.Disciplinary action.Working with teams.Proper attire.
24Deploying Industrial Robotics SummaryReview guidelines from OSHA/NIOSH/ANSI/ISO.Identify risks associated with robotics.Reduce hazards inherent to robotics.Reduce risk of accidents and injuries.
25Deploying Industrial Robotics ConclusionKeeping well informed of these guidelines and risks signifies employers’ commitment to the safety and health of their employees.
26Deploying Industrial Robotics ReferencesAmerican National Standards Institute. (1999). ANSI/RIA R15.06 – Industrial Robots and Robot Systems – Safety Requirements.Fuller, J. L. (1999). Robotics: Introduction, programming, and projects (2nd ed.). Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ.Rehg, J. A. (2003). Introduction to robotics in CIM systems (5th ed). Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ.U.S. Department of Health: National Institute for Occupational Safety Health. (1984). Publication No – Preventing the Injury of Workers and Robots. Accessed online (November, 2004):US Department of Labor: Occupational Safety and Heath Administration. (1987). STD PUB Guidelines For Robotics Safety. Accessed online (October, 2005):US Department of Labor: Occupational Safety and Heath Administration. (1999). TED A, Section IV – Chapter 4 – Industrial Robots and Robot System Safety. Accessed online (November, 2004):