Presentation on theme: "The World of Man. Creation of Man Prometheus created man and animals Epimetheus gave them gifts, but he forgot man Prometheus visited Hephaestus, who."— Presentation transcript:
The World of Man
Creation of Man Prometheus created man and animals Epimetheus gave them gifts, but he forgot man Prometheus visited Hephaestus, who gave man crafts, and skills, and as a parting gift, fire. Prometheus tricked Zeus into accepting bones and fat as sacrifice Zeus punished Prometheus by taking fire from man, but Prometheus stole it back Zeus punished Prometheus by chaining him to a mountaintop and having a bird peck out his liver every day.
Creating Woman, Punishing Man Pandora was created by the gods to punish Prometheus’ favorite creation She was given the gifts of beauty, deceitfulness, and insatiable curiosity, as well as a forbidden jar Epimetheus accepted her from the gods even though Prometheus had warned him not to take gifts from the gods Pandora opened the jar, letting evil out into the world, but keeping hope concealed within the jar
Ages of Man Gold – Paradise, Utopia, Eden Silver – Stayed childlike for 100 years, then died Bronze – Lived by the sword, died by the sword, acquisition and conquering Iron – Life was hard, people were bad, no one could get ahead
Did the Punishment Fit the Crime? Each of the following characters angered the gods in some way even though many of them were warned beforehand What crimes were consistently committed? Purpose(s) for telling these myths?
Lycaon King of Arcadia Disrespected Zeus Cannibalism (killed and ate grandson) Didn’t show hospitality Family killed by Zeus’ thundebolt Lycaon became a wolf
Arachne Best human weaver (arete) Has hybris because she thinks she can weave as well as Athena Ate makes her challenge Athena to a weaving contest (Athena tries to talk her out of it) Mocks the gods in her tapestry Turned into a spider to weave forever
Niobe 7 sons and 7 daughters (arete) Hybris makes her think she is better than Leto Ate makes her demand she be worshipped instead of Leto Artemis and Apollo kill all of her children She becomes a crying rock formation
Erysichthon Wants to build a bachelor pad so he can party with his friends Picks Demeter’s sacred grove as his prime real estate (location, location, location!) Demeter warns him, but he refuses to listen Demeter has Famine embrace him, he eats his parents out of house and home, and then he eats himself
Midas Rewarded by getting Golden Touch Realizes it’s not such a gift Wants to get back to nature Argues that Pan is a better musician than Apollo Gets Ass’ ears
Daedalus and Icarus Daedalus brings the wrath of Nemesis upon his family by killing his nephew Daedalus works for Minos building him a labyrinth which is later used to imprison Daedalus and Icarus, his son Daedalus builds wings, instructs Icarus not to fly too high nor too low, and off they go into the wild, blue yonder Icarus flies too high, the wax binding the feathers to the wings melts, and Icarus crashes and burns
Phaethon Phaethon is the son of Helios Phaethon asks his father to let him fly the chariot of the sun Phaethon loses control, wreaks havoc upon the earth, and catches one of Zeus’ thunderbolts, which causes him to crash and burn
Echo Double agent status, by working for both Zeus and Hera Hera finds out and takes away Echo’s free speech Echo wastes away with longing for Narcissus until she is only a disembodied voice
Orpheus His wife, Eurydice, dies from a snake bite Orpheus is the greatest human musician He travels to the underworld to get her back He makes a deal with Hades himself, but he ultimately fails to bring her back to the land of the living
Que Sera, Sera, Whatever will be, will be… These next characters had prophesies or destinies that, try as they might, they could not change Was the end result destiny or decision making?
Narcissus Narcissus’ mother was told that he would live a good life if he never knew himself She kept him away from mirrors He turned inward, shunning all others He saw himself in a pool, fell in love with himself, asked the gods to release him from the torture of self-love, and died His body turned into a flower
Oedipus, Laius, and Jocasta He killed his father and married his mother The oracle said it would happen What more is there to say?
Meleager His destiny was tied to a log He killed his uncles His mother took revenge by burning the log, then killing herself
Atalanta The oracle said she would lose herself if she married She let Hippomenes beat her in a foot race They were punished for giving in to passion in a sacred place They were turned into lions She lost herself all right!