Back Injury Reduction in the Fire Department of New York Emergency Medical Service In 2010 The FDNY EMS workforce comprised of 3,324 members. In 2010 they had 746 reported back injuries. In a 11 year study period (2000-2010) they averaged 491 back injuries annually. Of the 1,356 members surveyed, 47% reported sustaining a back injury performing EMS duties. IAFF revealed that back injuries account for 50% of line duty retirements.
Castle Rock FD Video ONLY WATCH TO 15:15 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D_XN2Lq4QAY
Review Body Mechanics / Lifting Form Lift with you legs! Use the big muscles. Keep your head in a neutral position if possible. Keep the back as straight and upright as possible. Bend at your knees not at your waist. Keep the load close to your body. Keep your core tight. Pull belly button in. Spread the weight with more firefighters. Call for assistance.
Common AFD Lifts Gurney to bed- when lifting across bed, try to keep one arm on the bed for support to help keep weight off lower back. Also bed to gurney. Moving pt. from bed to stair chair, carrying pt. in stair chair, stair chair to gurney. Lifting gurney into/ out of MICU- Use 2 people when necessary. Carrying pt. in soft cot around corners. (high/low people) Pt.’s in tight spaces. (Bathroom) Person in a bath tub- Wet, slippery, limited room for 0ne or two people. Throwing ladders. Lifting heavy equipment- Fans, metro loads, Hydraulic tools, etc. Donning and doffing tire chains- keep the chains close to your body. Running power tools- chain saw, K 12, etc.
Lifting Equipment We Can Use Manta tarp Carry-all Stair chair Webbing Power gurney Blanket Backboard Stokes Litter Truck company (sometimes ground ladders) Tow truck
Injury Prevention Stay fit: 1. Stretching- static and dynamic 2. Muscle strengthening 3. Weight control Keep Hydrated/ good nutrition Get enough rest and sleep
Static vs. Dynamic Stretching Static stretching involves applying tension to the muscle slightly past its full range of motion and holding it for up to 30 seconds. Dynamic stretches, on the other hand, are sports specific movements that are performed gradually until the muscle reaches its full range of motion.