Presentation on theme: "EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/2013 1 Expert Workshop Adaptation in the transport sector in EEA member states 23 rd of May 2013."— Presentation transcript:
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Expert Workshop Adaptation in the transport sector in EEA member states 23 rd of May 2013 Markus Leitner Transport sector in the EU Adaptation Strategy
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Outline I. Background II. Adaptation Strategy – State of Play III. Transport in the Adaptation Strategy IV. Further Needs
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Project to support EU strategy Preparation of the EU Adaptation Strategy was supported from December 2011 till February 2013 by the project contract “Support to the development of the EU strategy for adaptation to climate change” – EU AdaptStrat (CLIMA.C.3/SER/2011/0026) Project team: Environment Agency Austria (EAA): Project Lead Fresh Thoughts Consulting (FT): Project Co-Lead AEA Technology plc (AEA) FEEM Servizi Srl (FEEM) Alterra
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ EU Adaptation Strategy Adopted on April 16 th Comprises the following objectives: I. Promoting Action by MS - support & facilitate collaboration, knowledge exchange & best practices, etc. between MS, regions, cities and other stakeholders II. Climate-proofing action at EU-level - Mainstreaming adaptation into policies, strategies and programmes III. Enhancing the knowledgebase & widening information access – Climate-ADAPT
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ EU action for adaptation in the Transport sector? Transport sector: Europe`s transport infrastructure impact on the well functioning of the European internal market transport infrastructure networks are often trans-boundary and therefore, coordination efforts for adaptation are required is characterized by long investment cycles and thus it should be conceived to increase resilience to the current and future adverse impacts of climate change The specific aspects of interest: focus on transport infrastructure, operation and partly on equipment four transport modes will be taken into account: rail, road, shipping (inland and ocean shipping, including ports) and aviation (airports) + specific issues on urban transport assess state of knowledge regarding climate impacts on transport sector as well as possible entry points into EU policies, strategies and programmes to foster mainstreaming (construction, transport and energy sector)
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Main adverse effects of climate change for transport Main adverse effects: increase of summer heat, especially in Southern Europe cold extremes will become rarer, with a substantial decrease in the north change in precipitation patterns (magnitude and frequency) e.g. decreasing snow events; however, extreme snowfall events are expected to become more frequent in some regions increase of extreme weather events decline in the probability of frost days and cold spell for wind extremes, changes are fairly uncertain, with discrepancies among the climate models
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Main impacts from climatic change on specific transport modes Roads: leading to higher risk of impacts on road pavement and instability of fundament as well as reduced life of asphalt road surfaces, drainage problems, etc. Railways: leading to higher risk of track buckling, drainage problems, damage to the infrastructure (storms, floods), blocking or delay due to increasing amounts of snow, damage to power lines and control and signaling systems, etc. Shipping: leading to higher risk of suspension of navigation, damage to the inland waterway infrastructure, reduced discharge and low water might decrease load factors and increasing costs, etc. Aviation: leading to higher risk of damage to infrastructure, but positive aspects might occur such as increasing need of de-icing, etc.
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Transport in the Adaptation Strategy Impacts of extreme weather events affect transport sector already today in the past, precipitation in its various forms caused the most damage to transport costs of past weather events on the transport sector amount to 2.5 billion Euro yearly (average year 2000 to 2010) (Enei et al. 2011) highest damage costs are found for road infrastructure (roughly 1.8 billion Euro annually)
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ (Leviakangas et al., 2011) Overview on critical weather phenomena, their occurrence by region with the most affected modes of transport (EWENT project)
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Change in average costs due to weather extremes by Source: PESETA-Human health study, Watkiss et al, 2009 (Fraunhofer ISI, in Trinks et al. 2012)
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Identified knowledge gaps Climate change adaptation and aviation needs to be further assessed in detail Aggregated cost to transport systems from CC covering all impacts and all Europe Costing of adaptation options, e.g. retrofitting railway bridges, usage of more heat resistant rail material, changes in stress free temperature standards for rails, retrofitting train air conditioning systems, climate-proofing of road bridges, etc. More technical knowledge is particularly necessary to be able to suggest concrete amendments in standards and regulation Mapping of relevant standards at European, national and business level
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Relevant research project might help to close some of the knowledge gaps EWENT: Extreme weather events on EU networks of transport ( ; FP7) WEATHER: Weather Extremes – Impacts on Transport Systems and Hazards for European Regions ( ; FP7) ECCONET: Effects of climate change on the inland waterway networks ( ; FP7) PARAmount: imProved Accessibility: Reliability and security of Alpine transport infrastructure related to mountainous hazards in a changing climate ( ; Alpine Space Programme)
EEA Expert Workshop - Transport Sector Adaptation 23/05/ Contact: Markus Leitner Environmental Impact Assessment and Climate Change T: +43-(0) /3536 Andrea Prutsch T: +43-(0) /3462 Thank you!!!