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The Change is Not a Flash in the Pan Tuesday, November 17, 2009 Child Placement/Permanency Conference Normer Adams Executive Director Georgia Association.

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Presentation on theme: "The Change is Not a Flash in the Pan Tuesday, November 17, 2009 Child Placement/Permanency Conference Normer Adams Executive Director Georgia Association."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Change is Not a Flash in the Pan Tuesday, November 17, 2009 Child Placement/Permanency Conference Normer Adams Executive Director Georgia Association of Homes and Services for Children The changes occurring in foster care and group home care are unprecedented. Fewer children are entering foster care, even fewer are cared for in congregate care. More families are being supported by home and community based services. This workshop will explore the decades of public policy development that have lead to these changes in response to abuse and neglect. This workshop will be invaluable to those who are considering what services will be supported by the Federal and State governments.

2 The Change is Not a Flash in the Pan Change is mandated by: Federal and State Public Policy National Advocacy Evidence Based Practice

3 Personal Stories Early Medicine – George Washington died from his cure. In the Practice of Family Therapy – Eric Bern – “How do you know that it works.”

4 Evidence Base Practice The Power of the Anecdote – DARE Studies in Foster Care – Academy of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine – 2008 – 50% better outcomes with placement with kin. 2006 Chapin Hall Placement Stability Study – Placement with Kin more Stable

5 Movement to Home and Community Nursing Home Industry – o Most powerful of human service provider groups. o No growth in a decade o Home and Community Services Papua New Guinea o 3rd World of 3rd World o 16 out of 100 die in first year o Phone book description of family preservation and a community based services

6 A Short History of Child Welfare English doctrine of parens patriae, which means ultimate parent or parent of the country, dominated early Colonial America policy. Super parent concept of the State

7 Hands Off Approach Charities did most of the benevolent work. Development of “Orphans Homes” Georgia had two of the first o New Ebenezer 1738 o Bethesda for Boys in 1740 Orphan trains to the West – Apprenticeship and Reformation

8 Modern Era 1909 – Roosevelt's Whitehouse Conference on Children created the Children’s Bureau. to investigate and report "upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of children and child life among all classes of our people." 1921 - Sheppard-Towner Act also known as the Maternity and Infancy Act brought the children’s bureau to the states.

9 Improvements in Child Welfare Prior to this act, 16% children died in first year After less that 1% child died

10 Social Welfare Government increased involvement in child welfare and Research driven policy o 1922 Prince vs Mass. Confirmed the State’s legitimacy in child welfare o 1946 Aid to Dependent Children was added to the Security Act.

11 New Child Reporting Laws 1946 - Dr. Caffey Article on children’s trauma equals child abuse 1962 - C. Henry Kempe, article The Battered Child Syndrome in the Journal of the American Medical Association 1962, Children’s Bureau recommends child reporting laws. By 1967, 44 States had them. Reason for dramatic increase in number of abuse and neglect

12 Increased Federal Involvement Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA; Public Law 93-273; - Funding for investigation and prevention

13 Increased Federal Involvement In 1980, Congress passed the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act (Public Law 96-272; 42 U.S.C. 420). The act made federal funding for foster care dependent on certain reforms. IV-E became a household term Paid for 30% of all foster care mandated that a child be in an least restrictive environment (read family like and near their families.

14 Increased Federal Involvement Adoption and Safe Families ActAdoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 focus on States' capacity to create positive outcomes for children and families Child and Family Services Reviews (CFSRs)

15 Adoption and Safe Families ActAdoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 ensure conformity with Federal child welfare requirements; determine what is actually happening to children and families as they are engaged in child welfare services; and assist States to enhance their capacity to help children and families achieve positive outcomes.

16 Adoption and Safe Families ActAdoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 Permanency o Children have permanency and stability in their living situations. o The continuity of family relationships and connections is preserved for families. Safety o Children are, first and foremost, protected from abuse and neglect. o Children are safely maintained in their homes whenever possible and appropriate. Wellbeing. o Families have enhanced capacity to provide for their children's needs. o Children receive appropriate services to meet their educational needs. o Children receive adequate services to meet their physical and mental health needs.

17 Introduced Shorter Time Limits For Making Decisions About Permanent Placements Permanency hearings to be held no later than 12 months after entering foster care. States must initiate termination of parental rights proceedings after the child has been in foster care 15 of the previous 22 months, except if not in the best interest of the child, or if the child is in the care of a relative.

18 Forever Families Sooner Required States to initiate court proceedings to free a child for adoption once that child had been waiting in foster care for at least 15 of the most recent 22 months, unless there is an exception. Allowed children to be freed for adoption more quickly in extreme cases.

19 Increased accountability Required States to increase documentation of child-specific efforts to move children into permanency. Required HHS to establish new outcome measures to monitor and improve State performance

20 ASFA LEADS TO CHILD & FAMILY SERVICES REVIEW: RESULTS-ORIENTED APPROACH On January 25, 2000, the Federal Department of Health and Human Services issued regulations for ASFA establishing the Child and Family Services Review (CFSR). The review covers child welfare services funded under Titles IV-B and IV-E of the Social Security Act including: Child Protective Services, Foster Care, Adoption, and Family Preservation and Support Services. Georgia received $9.4 million in IV-B and $79.4 million in IV-E in SFY 2007.

21 Fostering Connections Act of 2008 Kinship guardianship assistance payments for children living in foster care with relatives (Sec. 101). Notice to relatives (Sec. 103). H.R. 6893 would require state agencies to exercise due diligence to identify and provide notice to all adult grandparents and other adult relatives of a child within 30 days after the child is removed from his or her home. Licensing standards for relatives (Sec. 104). The Act clarifies that states may waive non-safety licensing standards. Expanding the Adoption Incentives Program (Sec. 401). The Act enhances incentives in current law to promote the adoption of children from foster care. Placing siblings together (Sec. 206). Family Connection Grants (Sec. 102). H.R. 6893 authorizes a new grant program in Subpart 1 of Title IV-B for activities designed to connect children in foster care (or at risk of entering foster care) with family. Funds can be used for: 1) kinship navigator programs; 2) intensive family-finding efforts; 3) family group decision-making meetings for children in the child welfare system, with special attention to children exposed to domestic violence; or 4) residential family substance abuse treatment programs. Continuing federal support for children in foster care after age 18 (Sec. 201).

22 The Pew Commission 2003 The nonpartisan Pew Commission on Children in Foster Care was launched on May 7, 2003. The panel was charged with developing practical, evidence-based recommendations related to federal financing and court oversight of child welfare to improve outcomes for children in foster care. Goals included the movement of children from foster care to safe, permanent families and to prevent unnecessary placements in foster care.

23 Casey Foundation Mission - All children need a safe, nurturing, family to protect and guide them - all children have a lifelong connection to a caring, supportive family. Results - decreasing the number and rate of children entering foster care; increasing the rate and number of children connected to stable and permanent families; ensuring more children have their emotional and physical needs met; and reducing inappropriate disparities related to race, gender, age, and ethnicity in the child welfare system.

24 Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago Sound policy is based on continuous knowledge building – evidence based practice. Better policy emerges when researchers engage with policymakers and practitioners in long-term collaborations - collaboration. A commitment to rigor, independence, and innovation is essential to our work – performance based contracting.

25 Casey Family Programs 2020 Strategy - By the year 2020, the nation will reduce the number of children in foster care by 50 percent and improve self-sufficiency Reduction and reinvestment - Casey believes that proactive service ultimately saves U.S. taxpayer money. Eight Components of Change:  Build political will  Develop leadership  Provide quality front-line supervision  Set reasonable caseloads  Engage community  Collaborate across systems  Enforce data-driven accountability  Allow time

26 Law Suits – Kenny A Performance Outcomes –Georgia’s agreement focuses the outcomes on performance measures. These measures will filter down to private providers who provide services to children. Providers will be asked to provide data to the State every six months. Community Based Care – The settlement requires that children be served within 50 miles of their homes with certain exceptions. Family Focused Care - This settlement moves children toward family based care. Family based care is defined very narrowly to only include foster care and family placement. Shorter Lengths of Stay – Fewer children will be in care for longer than 15 months under this agreement. “Growing up in foster care” will be rare. Resources to push children into permanency will increase the longer a child is in care. Fewer Moves – The goal is to have less than 5% of foster children experience more than two moves.

27 Performance Measures Program Improvement Plan (PIP) Safety Permanency Welbeing

28 Safety Children Safely kept in their homes Removals Prevented Prevention of Reabuse

29 Permanency Prevent Reentry Stability of Placement Adoption Reunification Preserve Connections with Family Continuity of Family Relationships o Proximity o Placement with Siblings o Parent and Siblings Visits o Relative Placement

30 Well-being Enhanced Capacity of Parents to Care for Children Education Needs provided Mental Health needs met Physical Health needs met

31 The Future - Now More Family Preservation More Performance Based Contracting More Family Centered Care More Work with Children in their families Less children in foster care More community based care

32 Family Centered Care Results

33 The Results

34 Family Centered Practice vs. Child Centered Family Centered Family is client Family is respected Family knows best Collaboration with family Family is decision maker Child Centered Child is client Family is ignored Agency knows best Family is isolated Therapist is decision maker

35 Importance of Outcomes Prevention will be throughout the continuum of care. All contracts will be measured for outcomes. Evidence based practices will be expected Providers will partner with the State around outcomes. Data increasingly important

36 The Future - Now More Family Preservation More Performance Based Contracting More Family Centered Care More Work with Children in their families Less children in foster care More community based care

37 Questions / Comments

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