9The color of light is determined by the _____ of the light waves. mediumfrequencyspeedamplitude
10Which type of electromagnetic waves has the highest energy? gamma raysinfraredultraviolet lightmicrowaves
11Which type of electromagnetic radiation is used to kill cancer cells? microwavesultraviolet raysgamma rayssunlight
12Radar works by sending a signal out from an air-traffic control tower that is analyzed by a Doppler scanner on the ground.reflected off a plane back to the control tower.increased in intensity as it passes through the atmosphere.scanned and analyzed by a receiver on board an airplane.
13The color that an object appears to be depends on the angle at which visible light is reflected off the object.use of additive rather than subtractive colors.wavelengths of visible light that reaches your eyes.speed with which visible light reaches it.
14When light moves from a material in which its speed is higher to a material in which its speed is lower, it isbent toward the normal.reflected off the boundary.bent away from the normal.changed into a virtual image.
15Light rays that pass through a lens change direction because of internal reflection.they are refracted.light is broken up into many different colors.virtual images always appear slightly larger than real images.
16Light demonstrates wave characteristics when it is reflected.diffracted.refracted.All of the above
17Light demonstrates particle characteristics when it knocks electrons off a metal surface.forms standing waves.passes through a narrow opening.All of the above
18As the frequency of light waves increases, the energy increases.the energy stays the same.the energy decreases.the wavelength increases.
19Light rays reflecting off a rough surface reflect diffusely.at all angles.at a single angle.None of the above
20The law of reflection says the angle of incidence is _____ the angle of reflection. greater thanequal toless thanNone of the above
21When you look in a convex mirror, the image appears smaller than it really is.larger than it really is.lighter than it really is.darker than it really is.
22Which statement about a diverging lens is correct? It bends light inward and can create either a virtual or a real image.It bends light inward and can only create a real image.It bends light outward and can create either a virtual or a real image.It bends light outward and can only create a virtual image.
23Light is composed of waves and particles called: electronsphotonsquarkswaves
24The visible spectrum of light from the longest to shortest wavelength is: violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange, redred, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violetinfrared, ultraviolet, gamma, x-rays, microwavesgreen, orange, red, violet
25A magnifying glass is an example of a: convex lensprismconcave lensconvex mirror
26Convex lenses converge light rays to a: real imagefocal pointfocusvirtual image
27An example of a diverging lens that spreads light rays is the: convex lensconverging lensconcave lensprism
28A survivor from a shipwreck sees an image of a fish in the water A survivor from a shipwreck sees an image of a fish in the water. To catch it with her spear, she mustaim above the image of the fishaim at the image of the fishaim below the image of the fishaim behind the fish
29When the crests of one wave overlap the crests of another wave or wave, this occurs diffractionconstructive interferencedestructive interferenceresonant frequencies
30An echo is the result of a reflected sound waverefracted sound wavediffracted sound wavedispersed sound wave
31What happens to a wave when it is refracted? It is bentIt is reflectedIt is diffractedIt is radiated
32opticsconveximageconvergentobjectdivergentconcave____ 31. The study of how light behaves.____ 32. A lens or mirror that is bigger in the middle.____ 33. light rays that spread apart____ 34. Where your eyes think something is.____ 35. Light ray that come together.____ 36. What you are actually looking at.____ 37. A lens or mirror that is bigger at the ends.
33____ 40. from the normal to the incoming ray. angle of reflectionMirrorlensangle of incidencefocus____ 38. a line drawn perpendicular to the surface of a mirror or lens____ 39. An optical device that works by refraction to bend light.____ 40. from the normal to the incoming ray.____ 41. from the normal to the outgoing ray____ 42. Where all parallel rays come together____ 43. an optical device that works by reflection
34____ 45. all light: visible and invisible photonEM Spectrumprismenergy levellight____ 44. An orbit of electrons. To move from low to high requires energy.____ 45. all light: visible and invisible____ 46. used to separate white light into its colors____ 47. a single particle or packet of light____ 48. a wave that can travel through a vacuum
35Arrange the Electromagnetic Spectrum from low photon energy to high photon energy Gamma RaysX-raysInfraredUltravioletMicrowavesVisible LightRadio Waves____ 49. Lowest Photon Energy____ 50. __________ 51. __________ 52. __________ 53. __________ 54. __________ 55. Highest Photon Energy