2 Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) Skill Level 2 It is essential that you understand the threat that chemical and biological warfare presents, as well as, the protection that is offered by correctly wearing MOPP gear. As an NCO you will receive orders to direct your unit to assume various levels of MOPP. It is critical for their safety and the successful completion of the mission that the correct clothing and equipment are worn for the directed MOPP level. It is your responsibility to ensure that each soldier has done so.
3 TASK: Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) Task Number:TASK: Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP)CONDITIONS: You are in a nuclear, biological or chemical (NBC) environment or are warned of a threat of a NBC hazard. Given two or more soldiers with MOPP gear, M8 and M9 paper, an M291 or M295 decontaminating kit, three nerve agent antidote auto-injectors, and a requirement to assume the appropriate MOPP level and check soldiers sleeping in MOPP 4.STANDARDS: Implemented MOPP and directed soldiers to assume the appropriate MOPP level based on MOPP guidance from the commander. Identified all deficiencies and took appropriate corrective action for soldiers sleeping in MOPP 4.
4 Determine proper MOPP level (if not directed by higher headquarters). Task Number:Performance Steps:Determine proper MOPP level (if not directed by higher headquarters).
6 Factors to consider when determining MOPP level: Task Number:Factors to consider when determining MOPP level:When expected warning time is low, then a higher level of MOPP is required; yet, a lower MOPP level is required in order to complete a time-critical mission.Nighttime is generally cooler and harder work can be accomplished in MOPP 4; yet, pre-dawn is one of the most favorable times for chemical agent employment.Lower temperatures, low humidity, wind, and clouds all reduce the heat load on the body; yet, the same conditions extend the average duration time of chemical agents.At MOPP Level 1 through 4 soldiers can wear or not wear their BDUs under the Battle Dress Over-garment (BDO)/Chemical Protective Over-garment (CPOG) and can be dictated accordingly to weather conditions to prevent heat casualties.
7 Factors to consider when determining MOPP level (cont): Task Number:Factors to consider when determining MOPP level (cont):At MOPP Level 3 soldiers are protected from vapor hazards.MOPP Level 4 is the highest degree of chemical protection available to the soldier but also the most physically demanding.By evaluating METT-T: risk of heat casualties can by reduced by implementing controls such as having half the unit in MOPP 3 (soldiers in over-watch positions) while the other half is in MOPP 2 (soldiers digging fighting positions) when the situation allows.
8 Performance Steps: (cont.) Task Number:Performance Steps: (cont.)2. Direct soldiers to put on MOPP gear and equipment forMOPP 1 through MOPP 4.See STP-21-1-SMCT, Task , Protect Yourself from Chemical/Biological Injury/Contamination with Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) Gear.
9 Performance Steps: (cont.) Task Number:Performance Steps: (cont.)3. Check yourself and soldiers for proper wear of protective clothing.Ensure all soldiers are wearing the appropriate clothing and equipment for the directed MOPP level.Ensure protective masks are worn and sealed at MOPP 3 and MOPP 4.Ensure protective clothing is worn properly
10 Performance Steps: (cont.) Task Number:Performance Steps: (cont.)4. Check each sleeping soldier:Observe soldier to ensure he/she is breathingTry to awaken soldier, if he does not appear to be breathingIf the soldier cannot be awakened evaluate the casualty and treat accordingly.
11 Performance Steps: (cont.) Task Number:Performance Steps: (cont.)4. Check each sleeping soldier: (cont.)Check soldier’s mask for indications of a broken seal.Awaken the soldier and have them reseal their mask, if the seal appears to be broken.Direct another soldier to observe him/her for nerve agent poisoning.Treat casualty appropriately if nerve agent poisoning symptoms are present.
12 Performance Steps: (cont.) Task Number:Performance Steps: (cont.)4. Check each sleeping soldier: (cont.)Check soldier’s protective clothing for problems.Fasten or adjust the protective clothing of the sleeping soldier if his/her skin is exposed and no symptoms are observed.Awaken soldier and have him/her decontaminate using the M291, if skin is exposed and appears to be contaminated with liquid. Have soldier adjust his/her protective clothing and conduct MOPP gear exchange, as appropriate.Treat casualty appropriately if skin is exposed and nerve agent poisoning symptoms are observed.
13 Evaluation Preparation: Task Number:Evaluation Preparation:Setup:Evaluate this task during a normal training session. Gather all necessary MOPP gear, and ensure that it is in good condition.Be prepared to direct a series of specific MOPP levels for the evaluated soldier to implement with the troop provided.Have the soldier explain the deficiencies he should look for and the corrective actions he should take for a soldier sleeping in MOPP 4.
14 Evaluation Preparation: Task Number:Evaluation Preparation:Brief Soldier:Tell the soldier that the test will consist of identifying all deficiencies and taking appropriate corrective actions for a soldier sleeping in MOPP 4 and directing soldiers to assume the appropriate MOPP level based on the MOPP guidance from the commander.Evaluation:The soldier is scored on a GO/NO GO basis.
15 Individual Chemical Protective Clothing Task Number:Required ReferencesFMFirst AidFM 3-4NBC ProtectionTMChemical-Biological Mask Operator’s ManualTMIndividual Chemical Protective Clothing
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