Presentation on theme: "Important People, Events, and Developments"— Presentation transcript:
1Important People, Events, and Developments Important People, Events, and Developments
2Early 1960’s The Cold War is heating up! 1960: John F. Kennedy becomes president.1961: The Berlin Wall is built by Eastern Germany (communist) to keep people from escaping.
3Cuban Missile Crisis1962: The U.S. learns that the Soviet Union built missile launching pads in Cuba (who is communist).President Kennedy orders:U.S. Navy to block Soviet ships carrying missiles to Cuba.Troops to Florida in case we needed to invade Cuba.
5Whew! An agreement was reached after 13 days. The Soviet Union would remove missiles from Cuba.The U.S. would not invade Cuba.The “hot line” was set up between Washington and Moscow.Both sides decided to limit nuclear testing to protect citizens.
6Vietnam War Vietnam- A country in Asia North= Communists invades the South.The U.S. helps the South in hopes of stopping the spread of communism.America was divided over this war-Doves vs Hawksdebt
81970’s President Nixon visits China and the Soviet Union. Improved relationshipsTrading partnersCollaborate on scientific and cultural projectsArms controlVietnam War ends1973: cease-fire, American troops leave1975: North Vietnam wins= communism
9Civil Rights Movement Fight for EQUALity- laws that guaranteed constitutional rights to all citizens regardless of race.End discrimination (unfair treatment)End segregation (separate)Restaurants, movies, hotels, restrooms, water fountains, school
10Brown v. Board of Education 1954: Topeka, KansasLinda Brown-3rd graderwalked one mile to black school when white school was much closer.Tried to go to white school, but principal refused.Thurgood Marshall-Linda Brown’s lawyerSaid separate schools violated the 14th AmendmentSupreme Court agreed and school segregation ended.
11Montgomery Bus Boycott Boycott: to stop using or buying something in protest1955: Montgomery, AlabamaRosa ParksRefused to give up her bus seat to a white man and was arrested.Martin Luther King, Jr.Led the nonviolent boycott of buses.After a year, segregation of public transportation endedCost bus company a lot of money.Supreme Court ruling
12March on Washington 1963: Washington, D.C. 250,000 people gathered to get Congress’ attention to vote yes to pass civil rights laws.They wanted equal rights and quality education for African Americans.Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
13“I Have a Dream”“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.”Martin Luther King made an impact because he encouraged peaceful methods to make a difference.
14Civil Rights Act1964: Outlawed discrimination based on color, race, or religion in places like restaurants, hotels, motels, and theaters.Enforced an end to segregated schools (no federal money if segregated).Said all races, male or female, should have equal chances to get a job.
15Voting Rights Act196515th and 19th Amendments gave African American men and women the right to vote.Some southern states gave literacy tests to keep blacks from voting.This law put an end to the tests!
16Assassinations President John F. Kennedy Robert F. Kennedy 1963: Dallas, TX: riding in a paradeHe was a very popular presidentRobert F. Kennedy1968: Los Angeles, CA: after speech at hotelWas running for Democratic nomination for presidentMartin Luther King, Jr.1968: Memphis, TN: balcony of hotelRiots broke out across the country
17TV 1950: 1% of American homes have a TV 1960: 90% Today: about 99% have at least oneChangedHow Americans got their news (newspapers, radio)EntertainmentExperience events all over the world
18Space Exploration Began in the 1960’s Showed scientific talents of the U.S.Space Race: to the moonSoviets launched the 1st satellite in 1957 and 1st man in 19611961: 1st American in spaceJuly 29, 1969: America wins! Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon!Satellites improved communicationSpace research led to useful products: smoke detectors, cordless tools, joysticks
19Peace in the Middle East Palestine: A strip of land on the Mediterranean SeaArabs and Jews have lived there for thousands of year.It has had many different rulers.Divided by religious, cultural, and political differences.
20Palestine1947: The U.N. divides it into a Jewish state (Isreal) and Arab state.The Arab countries rejected this and attacked Israel in Israel won and took over even more land.U.S. presidents meet with leaders to help bring peace. (1978 Jimmy Carter, 1993 & 2000 Bill Clinton)U.S. support of Israel has angered many Arab countries.
22Afghanistan Area of rich oil fields 1979: Soviet troops invaded AfghanistanAmericareduced trade with the Soviet Union.stopped supporting arms control.1980: President Carter kept American athletes from participating in the Olympic Games because they were held in Moscow.1988:Soviets removed troops
23The Soviet Union Late 1980’s: communism was struggling economic problemsrestless citizensMikhail Gorbachev- new leader, new changesallowed freedom of speechallowed citizens to own businessesmet with president Reagan
24The Cold War Ends1989: The Berlin wall comes down!
25A New Eastern Europe 1991: Gorbachev outlawed the Communist party 15 republics that made up the Soviet Union declared their independence (largest: Russia)Economies were in ruins.Old hatreds between people came to the surface.The U.S. helps protect the rights of people in other countries.BosniaKosovo
26The Gulf War AKA “Operation Desert Storm” 1990: Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein, took over U.S. ally Kuwait- major producer of oilPresident Bush sent troops to protect neighbor and ally Saudi Arabia27 countries attacked Iraq and pushed them out of Kuwait within 7 months.
289/11 Terrorism: A deliberate use of violence to promote a cause September 11, 2001: The worst act of terrorism in U.S. history4 hijacked American commercial planes2 planes crashed in to the twin towers of the World Trade Center1 plane crashed into the Pentagon, the nation’s military headquarters in Washington, D.C.1 plane crashed into an empty field near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (the White House, U.S. Capitol were thought to be targets)
35War on Terrorism President George Bush said America would fight back. Find those responsiblePrevent terrorist activities all over the worldIncludesIncreasing securitySearching for terroristsDestroying terrorist campsForming alliances with other countriesDealing with countries that let terrorists live thereFinding who gives terrorists moneyPutting America’s military in position for action
36Computers and the Internet Personal computers were developed in the late 1970s to help businesses be more productive.People started buying them for their homes.The internet is a way of using a personal computer to get information and communicate.
37How did they change American life? With the computer and internet, people can:work from homeresearch informationexchange information quicklygo to school onlinecommunicate quicklybuy stuff