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The Rise And Fall Of Ancient Heroes: Greece 2500-500 B.C. The Geography The Minoans The Mycenae The Downfall Of Mycenae.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise And Fall Of Ancient Heroes: Greece 2500-500 B.C. The Geography The Minoans The Mycenae The Downfall Of Mycenae."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise And Fall Of Ancient Heroes: Greece 2500-500 B.C. The Geography The Minoans The Mycenae The Downfall Of Mycenae

2 The Greek Peninsula  The Greek Peninsula was made of mountain ranges which lacked rivers and floodplains  Greeks lived in scattered communities among mountains and numerous bodies of water like the Aegean Sea and Ionian  Turned to the sea because of their location and accessibility to it  Climate average 50’s in winter and 80’s in summer

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4 The Minoans: 2000-1450 B.C.  High point of Minoan history associated with King Minos  Island of Crete had a population of 250,000 and 40,000 lived in capital called Kronos  Economy was based on trade of bronze tools and weapons  Owned sea bearing ships unlike Phoenician ships

5 Minoan Art And Architecture  Built huge multi-roomed palaces that contained rooms of shapes and sizes  No sense of design for these palaces led them to them being called labyrinths  Produced colorful bright frescoes influenced by the Egyptians  Created statuettes of female goddesses

6 Minoan Religion  Religion seems to have centered around a fertility goddess  Had a religious rituals that required males and females to vault over a charging bull  Feast followed ritual where bull was then sacrificed  King then wore head of bull (The Minotaur )

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8 The Minoan Mystery  Disappearance a mystery  Believed that a volcano caused a tidal wave that destroyed Minoans  Greeks possibly invaded and ravaged Minoan civilization

9 Mycenaean's: The First Greeks 2000-1100 B.C.  Adopted cultural high points of Minoans like Artwork Language Trade networks  Increased wealth holdings by continuing Minoan trade routes and links  Lacked arable farm land and were forced to trade extensively for wheat and barley

10 The Mycenaean's: Social Structure  A war like civilization with a class system that reinforced culture  Kings, nobles, soldiers and slaves formed social class  Burials were accompanied with vast number of arms  Cities were built with great protective walls and palaces were small forts

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12 The Mycenaean's: An Economy Of Trade  Mycenaean’s could not support themselves had to purchase copper and tin to make bronze unlike Egypt, Indus and Mesopotamia  Relied on trade routes established by Minoans for food and resources  The Greek Mycenaean's traded pottery, olive oil as far as Egypt, Syria and Palestine (outskirts of Mesopotamian region)

13 The Mycenaean's: Invasion And Violence 1250-1200 B.C.  Economic conditions (trade competition) and expansion created a time of war  Mycenaeans embark on war in the Mediterranean region believed they laid siege and eventually destroyed the mythical city of Troy  Iliad, written by blind poet Homer, considered father of Greek literature, created myth of Trojan War  Iliad, defined heroic behavior and human weakness

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15 The Mycenaean's: Invasion And Violence 1250-1200 B.C.  1200 B.C. saw the downfall of Mycenaean civilization Devastating droughts Invasion from Northern Greeks called Dorians Absence from Trojan War caused internal problems  All Mycenae writing was lost with its downfall this causes a lost period


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